The lab final consists of about 20 questions, each of which has several parts. It tests your ability to use the lab text to find information about various astronomical objects, and to answer questions based on that information. The exam will last four hours, and is an open-book, open-note test. You do not need any particular kind of paper for the exam.
The questions below show the sort of things that the test will cover. In most cases, the questions on the actual exam will be exactly the same, except that the quantities shown in parentheses will be specified, but I of course reserve the right to use completely different questions, so long as they can be answered by referring to either the text, or your notes.
1. What is the phase of the Moon at (some date and time)? Draw a picture of what it looks like at that time. What are its celestial longitude, its elongation, and its right ascension and declination at that time? What constellation will it be in at that time? When will it rise/set/transit on that date?
2. What meteor showers are associated with (name of comet)? Give the name of each shower and the date and time that it is supposed to be "best" this year.
3. Where is (a place on the Moon)? How far is it from (some other place)?
4. When is the next (total/partial/etc) (solar/lunar) eclipse visible from (some place)? When is the next one visible from (some other place)?
5. Which sky map should a (Northern/Southern) hemisphere observer use to look at the sky at (some date/time)? at (some other date/time)? Which bright star is closest to the zenith at (some latitude)?
6. On (some date), when does (some star/constellation) (rise/set/transit)?
7. What is the brightest star visible from our location (other than the Sun)? What is the brightest star located north of the Celestial Equator?
8. How do we know that the Crab Nebula was formed in 1054 AD?
How far away is the Trapezium?
9. What is the closest star, other than the Sun? What is the closest star, other than the Sun, visible from our location?
10. Write down everything that you can find in the text about:
(the star located at a particular right ascension and declination)
(name of star)
(cluster of stars)
(name of asteroid)
(name of satellite)
11. When does (some planet) rise (some date)? What are its celestial longitude and elongation (at that time)? Assuming a celestial latitude of zero, what are its right ascension and declination? What constellation is it in? At (some latitude), what are its altitude and azimuth at (some time)?
12. When is the next time that (some planet) will be in (some aspect) with the Sun? When will it rise on that date? What constellation is it in then? How far will it be from us on that date?
13. When was the last time that (the above planet) was in (the same aspect) with the Sun? What is the time between the two dates called? If we used a telescope, what phase would the planet be in on those dates?
14. When the Sun is at (equinox/solstice), what constellation is it in?
15. What are the altitude and azimuth of (some star) at (time/date), as seen by an observer at (some place)?
17. When are the next (transit/opposition/etc) of (some planet/planets)?
18. When is our closest approach to (some planet) during (some time period)? How far away will it be at that time? What constellation will it be in?
19. Draw the (some direction) horizon as seen at (some time, date) at (some place), showing the brighter stars and constellations and any "planets" (including the Sun and Moon) which are up.
20. Calculate the latitude and longitude of the place (on Earth) where (some celestial position/object) is (at some particular place in the sky) (at some particular time).
21. For (some date and time) calculate the positions of Jupiter's satellites. (only on exam if covered in class)