Celestial Atlas
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Page last updated Aug 1, 2014
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IC 1200 (=
NGC 6079 = PGC 56946)
Discovered (May 6, 1791) by William Herschel (and later listed as NGC 6079)
Discovered (Aug 2, 1888) by Lewis Swift (VII-77) (and later listed as IC 1200)
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E3) in Draco (RA 16 04 28.7, Dec +69 39 58)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Given the duplicate entry, see NGC 6079 for anything else.

IC 1201 (= PGC 57104)
Discovered (Aug 2, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-78)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sb) in Draco (RA 16 05 41.5, Dec +69 35 38)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.2 by 0.3 arcmin.

IC 1202 (=
NGC 6081 = PGC 57506)
Discovered (Jul 26, 1870) by Édouard Stephan (and later listed as NGC 6081)
Discovered (Apr 7, 1888) by Lewis Swift (VII-79) (and later listed as IC 1202)
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Hercules (RA 16 12 56.8, Dec +09 52 04)
(this entry will probably contain only historical information; for anything else see NGC 6081)

IC 1203
Recorded (1888) by
John Thome
A pair of 17th-magnitude stars in Scorpius (RA 16 15 16.0, Dec -22 20 36)
Per Dreyer, IC 1203 (= Thome, 1860 RA 16 06 58, NPD 111 59.1) has "no description". The position precesses to RA 16 15 16.1, Dec -22 20 30, very close to the position listed above, which is exactly halfway between the two 17th-magnitude stars shown in the image below, one or both of which were recorded by Thome (in his Cordoba Durchmusterung, or "CD") as CD -22 11448, so it seems most likely that the pair is IC 1203. If Dreyer had given a description corresponding to a nebular object, it could be presumed that IC 1203 should be something else, but there are no nebular objects in the field, and a close pair of stars was often mistaken for a nebular object in the visual surveys (such as the CD) that led to the NGC/IC. (Note: Steinicke lists the object as "not found".)
DSS image of the region near the pair of stars that is probably IC 1203
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on Dreyer's position for IC 1203 (the stars under the label)

IC 1204 (= PGC 57206)
Discovered (Mar 25, 1889) by
Guillaume Bigourdan (207)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Ursa Minor (RA 16 07 15.3, Dec +69 55 54)
The second IC lists a corrected NPD (per Bigourdan) of 19 42. Apparent size 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin.

IC 1205 (= PGC 57574)
Discovered (Apr 8, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-80)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sab?) in Hercules (RA 16 14 15.8, Dec +09 32 15)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy IC 1205
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1205
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy IC 1205

IC 1206 (= PGC 57623)
Discovered (Jun 3, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-81)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sab?) in Hercules (RA 16 15 13.0, Dec +11 17 50)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.6 arcmin.

IC 1207
Discovered (1890) by
John Thome (CD -29 12444)
A group of stars in Scorpius (RA 16 19 26.0, Dec -29 38 36)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: (Note: Steinicke queries "galaxies involved?")

IC 1208 (= PGC 57650)
Discovered (May 20, 1890) by
Sherburne Burnham
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a) in Corona Borealis (RA 16 15 47.8, Dec +36 31 39)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 near 0.2 arcmin. Near 7th-magnitude star HD 146639.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy IC 1208
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1208
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy IC 1208

IC 1209 (= PGC 57796)
Discovered (Jul 19, 1892) by
Stephane Javelle (380)
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0) in Hercules (RA 16 18 39.5, Dec +15 33 32)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.8 arcmin.

IC 1210 (= PGC 57589)
Discovered (Jun 7, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (IX-58)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sab) in Draco (RA 16 14 30.0, Dec +62 32 10)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.6 by 0.5 arcmin.

IC 1211 (= PC 57707)
Discovered (May 27, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (VIII-91)
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1) in Draco (RA 16 16 51.9, Dec +53 00 22)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.9 arcmin.

IC 1212 (= PGC 57633)
Discovered (Jun 22, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (IX-60)
A 15th-magnitude compact galaxy (type C) in Draco (RA 16 15 30.7, Dec +64 13 31)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin.

IC 1213 (=
NGC 6172 = PGC 57937)
Discovered (Jun 21, 1884) by Édouard Stephan (and later listed as NGC 6172)
Discovered (Apr 19, 1890) by Lewis Swift (IX-61) (and later listed as IC 1213)
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0) in Serpens (RA 16 22 10.2, Dec -01 30 51)
(this entry to primarily contain historical information; for anything else see NGC 6172)

IC 1214 (= PGC 57675)
Discovered (Jul 2, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-83)
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a) in Draco (RA 16 16 11.4, Dec +65 58 07)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.4 by 0.6 arcmin.

IC 1215 (= PGC 57638)
Discovered (Jul 2, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-82)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB pec) in Draco (RA 16 15 35.0, Dec +68 23 50)
Apparent size 1.1 by 0.7 arcmin. Recessional velocity 7255 km/sec. Possibly a companion of IC 1216.
DSS image of spiral galaxy IC 1215
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1215
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown is IC 1216
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy IC 1215, also showing spiral galaxy IC 1216

IC 1216 (= PGC 57664)
Discovered (Aug 2, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-84)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc) in Draco (RA 16 15 55.3, Dec +68 20 58)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.9 arcmin. Recessional velocity 7615 km/sec. Possibly a companion of IC 1215, which see.

IC 1217
Discovered (Aug 2, 1888) by
Lewis Swift
A lost or nonexistent object in Draco (RA 16 16 03.7, Dec +69 40 35)
Per Dreyer, IC 1217 (= Swift list VII (#85), 1860 RA 16 16 32, NPD 19 59.0) is "most extremely faint, small, round, very difficult". The position precesses to RA 16 16 03.7, Dec +69 40 33, but there is nothing there, and although further research may reveal what Swift observed (if anything), that will have to wait for the next iteration of this page.

IC 1218 (= PGC 57699)
Discovered (Jul 2, 1888) by
Lewis Swift (VII-86)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Draco (RA 16 16 37.3, Dec +68 12 11)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.3 arcmin.

IC 1219 (= PGC 58037)
Discovered (Jul 22, 1892) by
Stephane Javelle (381)
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Hercules (RA 16 24 27.4, Dec +19 29 01)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.5 arcmin.

IC 1220 (= PGC 58340)
Discovered (Jul 21, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (X-34)
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0) in Hercules (RA 16 29 38.2, Dec +08 27 02)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 1.0 arcmin.

IC 1221 (= PGC 58528)
Discovered (Jul 10, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (X-35)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc) in Hercules (RA 16 34 41.5, Dec +46 23 30)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.3 by 1.1 arcmin.

IC 1222 (= PGC 58544, and with
PGC 2277264 = Arp 73)
Discovered (Jul 10, 1890) by Lewis Swift (X-36)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)c) in Hercules (RA 16 35 09.0, Dec +46 12 49)
Based on a recessional velocity of 9225 km/sec, IC 1222 is about 430 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.7 by 1.3 arcmin, it is about 200 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of spiral galaxies IC 1222 and PGC 2277264, which comprise Arp 73
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1222 and PGC 2277264
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair


PGC 2277264 (with
IC 1222 = Arp 73)
Not an NGC object but listed here since the companion of IC 1222 that makes it Arp 73
An 18th-magnitude galaxy (type SB?) in Hercules (RA 16 35 14.2, Dec +46 12 33)
(Listed in NED as SDSSJ163514.15+461232.7) PGC 2277264's recessional velocity of 9115 km/sec is close enough to that of IC 1222 (which see for images) that they are probably a physical pair, and at the same distance (of about 430 million light years). In that case, PGC 2277264's apparent size of 0.4 by 0.2 arcmin would correspond to 50 thousand light years.

IC 1223 (= PGC 58567)
Discovered (Jul 11, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (X-37)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB) in Hercules (RA 16 35 42.4, Dec +49 13 16)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.9 by 0.7 arcmin.

IC 1224 (= PGC 58824)
Discovered (Jul 19, 1892) by
Stephane Javelle (382)
A 14th-magnitude compact galaxy (type C) in Hercules (RA 16 42 56.2, Dec +19 15 18)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.8 by 0.6 arcmin.

IC 1225 (= PGC 58607)
Discovered (Jul 24, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (IX-62)
A magnitude 14.5 spiral galaxy (type SBb?) in Draco (RA 16 36 52.9, Dec +67 37 47)
Historical Identification:
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.35 by 0.4 arcmin.
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy IC 1225
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on IC 1225
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy IC 1225

IC 1226 (= PGC 58754)
Discovered (Jul 11, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (X-38)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S) in Hercules (RA 16 41 06.5, Dec +46 00 14)
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.3 arcmin.

IC 1227 (=
NGC 6206 = PGC 58723)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1886) by Lewis Swift (and later listed as NGC 6206)
Discovered (Aug 13, 1888) by Guillaume Bigourdan (210) (and later listed as IC 1227)
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Draco (RA 16 40 07.9, Dec +58 37 02)
The second IC adds (per Bigourdan) "= NGC 6206", so the identity has been known for more than a century. (this entry will mostly contain historical information; for anything else see NGC 6206)

IC 1228 (= PGC 58804)
Discovered (Sep 13, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (X-39)
A 13th-magitude spiral galaxy (type SBab) in Draco (RA 16 42 06.4, Dec +65 35 08)
Apparent size 1.6 by 1.5 arcmin.
DSS image of spiral galaxy IC 1228
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1228
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy IC 1228

IC 1229 (= PGC 58902)
Discovered (Sep 18, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (X-40)
A 16th-magitude spiral galaxy (type SB) in Draco (RA 16 44 58.7, Dec +51 18 29)
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.3 arcmin.

IC 1230 (= PGC 58903)
Discovered (Sep 18, 1890) by
Lewis Swift
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Hercules (RA 16 45 01.4, Dec +51 15 36)
Per Dreyer, IC 1230 (= Swift list X (#41), 1860 RA 16 41 48, NPD 38 31.2) is "most extremely faint, small, round, very difficult, southeastern of 2", the other being IC 1229. The IC object is one of several close galaxies (possibly physical companions as well as optical doubles), but given the statement "very difficult", Swift must have seen only the brightest one, or at best the combined light from the central grouping. Apparent size 0.9 by 0.9 arcmin.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy IC 1230 and its numerous apparent companions
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1230 and its numerous apparent companions
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing IC 1229
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy IC 1230, also showing spiral galaxy IC 1229

IC 1231 (= PGC 58973)
Discovered (Jun 22, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (IX-68)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc) in Draco (RA 16 46 59.1, Dec +58 25 22)
Apparent size 2.2 by 1.0 arcmin.

IC 1232
Discovered (Jul 11, 1890) by
Lewis Swift
A lost or nonexistent object in Hercules (RA 16 49 04.9, Dec +46 05 10)
Per Dreyer, IC 1232 (= Swift list IX (#69), 1860 RA about 16 45, NPD 43 40.2) is "most extremely faint, small, irregularly round, bright star to the southeast". The position precesses to RA 16 49 04.9, Dec +46 05 10, which is north and very slightly west of 5th magnitude 52 Herculis (which seems more or less reasonable, given the description), but there is nothing near there or to the northwest of the star, so what Swift saw was probably an internal reflection of the light from the bright star, IC 1232 is generally considered to be lost or nonexistent, and the position listed is simply Dreyer's precessed position. (Note: Steinicke gives a position a little to the east, but there is nothing there either, and that would put 52 Herculis to the southwest, not the southeast.)

IC 1233
Discovered (Jul 24, 1889) by
Lewis Swift
A lost or nonexistent object in Draco (RA 16 48 26.0, Dec +63 08 54)
Per Dreyer, IC 1233 (= Swift list IX (#70), 1860 RA 16 47 09, NPD 26 36.6) is "extremely faint, very small, very extended, between 2 stars [= 6247?]". The position precesses to RA 16 48 26.0, Dec +63 08 54. This is more or less between two 12th-magnitude stars, so the position may be correct, but there is nothing there (which is often the case when dealing with 'very faint' NGC/IC objects). Dreyer's guess that the object might be NGC 6247 would require it to have a position of RA 16 48 20.0, Dec +62 58 34, which is about the same right ascension, but 50 arcmin to the North. That is a possibility, presuming Swift made a careless entry or a reduction error, but one that hasn't met with much enthusiasm. As a result, IC 1233 is generally considered lost or nonexistent, and the listed position is simply Dreyer's precessed position.

IC 1234
Discovered (Sep 5, 1888) by
Guillaume Bigourdan (211)
A star in Draco (RA 16 52 50.6, Dec +56 52 42)

IC 1235 (= PGC 59146)
Discovered (Sep 7, 1888) by
Guillaume Bigourdan (212)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S) in Draco (RA 16 52 03.1, Dec +63 06 58)
Apparent size 0.8 by 0.5 arcmin.

IC 1236 (= PGC 59350)
Discovered (Aug 1, 1866) by
Truman Safford (44)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBc) in Hercules (RA 16 58 29.7, Dec +20 02 27)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.8 arcmin.

IC 1237 (= PGC 59280)
Discovered (Jun 23, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (IX-71)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBbc) in Hercules (RA 16 56 15.9, Dec +55 01 37)
Apparent size 1.9 by 1.0 arcmin.

IC 1238
Discovered (Jun 10, 1864) by
Albert Marth (327)
A pair of stars in Hercules (RA 17 00 30.3, Dec +23 04 36)

IC 1239 (=
NGC 6276 = PGC 59419)
Discovered (Jun 10, 1864) by Albert Marth (and later listed as NGC 6276)
Discovered (Jun 19, 1887) by Guillaume Bigourdan (213) (and later listed as IC 1239)
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Hercules (RA 17 00 45.0, Dec +23 02 40)
(this entry will mostly contain historical information; for anything else see NGC 6276)

IC 1240
Discovered (Sep 10, 1888) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
? A 16th-magnitude star in Draco (RA 17 00 59.1, Dec +61 04 06) ?
Per Dreyer, IC 1240 (= Bigourdan 214, 1860 RA 16 59 19, NPD 28 45) is "suspected nebula, 3' northeast 8th magnitude star". The position precesses to RA 17 01 01.1, Dec +61 02 56, which is about 3 arcmin to the northeast of an 8th magnitude star, so the position is presumably more or less accurate; but there is nothing of any obvious importance there or anywhere near there, so IC 1240 is generally considered a lost or nonexistent object. However, there is a 16th-magnitude star just over an arcmin north of Dreyer's position, so I have used its position for a tentative identification of the object.

IC 1241 (= PGC 59452)
Discovered (Jul 19, 1887) by
Lewis Swift (VII-87)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Draco (RA 17 01 28.1, Dec +63 41 28)
Apparent size 1.2 by 1.0 arcmin.

IC 1242 (= PGC 59688)
Discovered (Aug 7, 1891) by
Stephane Javelle (383)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sb) in Ophiuchus (RA 17 08 42.9, Dec +04 02 59)
Apparent size 0.9 by 0.6 arcmin.

IC 1243
Recorded (May 15, 1890) by
Lewis Swift (IX-72)
A group of stars in Ophiuchus (RA 17 10 24.5, Dec +10 46 02)
The second IC adds (per Howe) "Only 5 stars of magnitude 12 to 14 in north-south line, 45 arcsec long." Apparent size 1.5 by 0.5 arcmin.

IC 1244 (= PGC 59746)
Discovered (May 13, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (VIII-92)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Hercules (RA 17 10 33.6, Dec +36 18 14)
Apparent size 1.0 by 1.0 arcmin.

IC 1245 (= PGC 59835)
Discovered (Sep 15, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (IX-75)
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Hercules (RA 17 12 36.8, Dec +38 01 13)
Apparent size 1.7 by 0.9 arcmin.

IC 1246
Discovered (Jun 23, 1887) by
Guillaume Bigourdan (215)
A star in Hercules (RA 17 14 12.4, Dec +20 14 13)

IC 1247
Discovered (Jun 21, 1887) by
Guillaume Bigourdan (216)
A star in Ophiuchus (RA 17 16 22.0, Dec -12 46 53)
The second IC adds "Not found by Howe (2 nights). 30 seconds west is a double star (both 12th magnitude), separation 3 arcsec. In the right place is a 13th magnitude star (no nebulosity) with a 9.8 magnitude star 0.7 arcmin to the southwest."

IC 1248 (= PGC 59791)
Discovered (Jul 19, 1887) by
Lewis Swift (VII-88)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBc) in Draco (RA 17 11 39.9, Dec +59 59 42)
Apparent size 0.9 by 0.8 arcmin.

IC 1249 (= PGC 59919)
Discovered (Sep 15, 1889) by
Lewis Swift (IX-76)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SABcd?) in Hercules (RA 17 14 54.9, Dec +35 31 14)
Apparent size 0.7 by 0.6 arcmin.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy IC 1249
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of IC 1249
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy IC 1249
Celestial Atlas
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