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IC 5350 - 5386 ← NGC Objects: NGC 1 - 49 → NGC 50 - 99
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Page last updated Aug 12, 2017

NGC 3 (= PGC 565)
Discovered (Nov 29, 1864) by Albert Marth
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type S(rs)a? pec) in Pisces (RA 00 07 16.8, Dec +08 18 06)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 3 (= GC 5080, Marth #1, 1860 RA 00 00 06, NPD 82 28) is "faint, very small, round, almost stellar". The position precesses to RA 00 07 16.7, Dec +08 18 46, only 0.7 arcmin north of the galaxy listed above and there is nothing else nearby, so the identification is certain.
Historical Note: The NGC entry is copied directly from Lassell's 1866 paper about observations at Malta, which included Marth's discoveries.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 3900 km/sec (and H0 = 70 km/sec/Mpc), NGC 3 is about 180 to 185 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of about 0.95 by 0.65 arcmin (from the images below), it is about 50 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 3, also showing NGC 4, NGC 7838 and NGC 7840
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 3, also showing NGC 4, 7838 and 7840
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 3
Below, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 3
Also shown are NGC 4, 7838 and 7840, and PGC 1341667 and 1342413
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 3, also showing NGC 4, NGC 7838 and NGC 7840, PGC 1341667 and PGC 1342413

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IC 5350 - 5386 ← NGC Objects: NGC 1 - 49 → NGC 50 - 99