Celestial Atlas: NGC 5 Link for sharing this page on Facebook
IC 5350 - 5386 ← NGC Objects: NGC 1 - 49 → NGC 50 - 99
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Page last updated Aug 12, 2017

NGC 5 (= PGC 595)
Discovered (Oct 21, 1881) by Édouard Stephan
A magnitude 13.3 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0? pec) in Andromeda (RA 00 07 48.8, Dec +35 21 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 5 (Stephan list XII (#1), 1860 RA 00 00 37, NPD 55 25.0) is "very faint, very small, nucleus equivalent to a 13th or 14th magnitude star". The position precesses to RA 00 07 49.7, Dec +35 21 46, only 0.2 arcmin west of the nucleus of the galaxy listed above and within its outer glow, and the nucleus has the stated brightness, so the identification is certain.
Historical Note: Dreyer's description is a good translation of Stephan's description, and save for round-off errors the NGC position is identical to Stephan's position.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 5110 km/sec (and H0 = 70 km/sec/Mpc), NGC 5 is about 235 to 240 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of about 1.15 by 0.8 arcmin (from the images below), it is about 80 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 5
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 5
Below, a 1.5 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 5

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Celestial Atlas: NGC 5 Link for sharing this page on Facebook
IC 5350 - 5386 ← NGC Objects: NGC 1 - 49 → NGC 50 - 99