Celestial Atlas: NGC 14 Link for sharing this page on Facebook
IC 5350 - 5386 ← NGC Objects: NGC 1 - 49 → NGC 50 - 99
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Page last updated Aug 12, 2017

NGC 14 (= PGC 647 = Arp 235)
Discovered (Sep 18, 1786) by William Herschel
Also observed (Nov 2, 1823) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.1 irregular galaxy (type (R)IB(s)m? pec) in Pegasus (RA 00 08 46.2, Dec +15 48 58)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 14 (= GC 7 = JH 3 = WH II 591, 1860 RA 00 01 37, NPD 74 57.9) is "very faint, pretty small, round, gradually a little brighter middle". The position precesses to RA 00 08 48.5, Dec +15 48 52, two seconds of time east of the center of the galaxy listed above but within its outline, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 865 km/sec (and H0 = 70 km/sec/Mpc), NGC 14 is about 40 million light years distant, in perfect agreement with a single redshift-independent distance estimate of the same value. Given that and its apparent size of about 2.4 by 2.1 arcmin (from the images below), it is about 25 to 30 thousand light years across. Its structure is ill-defined, but it appears to be either an irregular galaxy or a weakly barred "diffuse" spiral galaxy. NGC 14 is used by the Arp Atlas as an example of a galaxy with the appearance of fission.
SDSS image of region near irregular galaxy NGC 14, also known as Arp 235
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 14
Below, a 3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of irregular galaxy NGC 14, also known as Arp 235
Below, a 1 by 1.3 arcmin wide "raw" HST image of part of the galaxy (Image Credit Hubble Legacy Archive)
'Raw' HST image of part of irregular galaxy NGC 14, also known as Arp 235
Below, the 12 arcmin wide SDSS image above with labels for several fainter galaxies and a quasar:
Q0008568+155046 refers to SDSSJ000856.79+155045.7, a 19th magnitude quasar with z = 1.691
SDSS image of region near irregular galaxy NGC 14, also known as Arp 235, also showing labels for several other objects

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IC 5350 - 5386 ← NGC Objects: NGC 1 - 49 → NGC 50 - 99