Celestial Atlas
(NGC 1200 - 1249) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 1250 - 1299 Link for sharing this page on Facebook     → (NGC 1300 - 1349)
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Page last updated Aug 13, 2016
Removed certain mis-spellings, title tags; added Historical/Physical tags
Checked Corwin positions, added/checked original NGC entries, updated formatting/pix
WORKING: Check against updated Steinicke databases

NGC 1250 (= PGC 12098)
Discovered (Oct 21, 1886) by
Lewis Swift
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Perseus (RA 03 15 21.1, Dec +41 21 19)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1250 (Swift list V (#53), 1860 RA 03 06 12, NPD 49 10.6) is "very faint, very small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 2.8 by 0.56 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1250
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1250
Below, a 2.8 arcmin SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1250

NGC 1251
Recorded (Jan 25, 1860) by
Sidney Coolidge
A 13th- and 14th-magnitude pair of stars in Cetus (RA 03 14 09.2, Dec +01 27 23)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1251 (= GC 5060, S. Coolidge (#4, HN24), 1860 RA 03 06 55, NPD 89 04.5) is "faint". The position precesses to RA 03 14 08.1, Dec +01 27 02, but there is nothing there save for a faint pair of stars just to the northeast. There has never been any doubt that this is what Coolidge saw, as he has the unfortunate distinction of being the only NGC observer for whom every object reported was merely a star or pair of stars. However, this is perhaps not due to any lack of ability on his part, but to the poor quality of the equipment he used, as all the Harvard Observatory observers had a relatively high percentage of such "discoveries".
SDSS/DSS composite of region near the pair of stars listed as NGC 1251
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS/DSS composite image centered on NGC 1251

NGC 1252
Discovered (Dec 4, 1834) by
John Herschel
A group of stars in Horologium (RA 03 10 40.0, Dec -57 45 54)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1252 (= GC 663 = JH 2515, 1860 RA 03 07 07, NPD 148 40.3) is a "cluster of 18 or 20 stars". The position precesses to RA 03 10 34.0, Dec -58 08 31, but there is nothing there. However, per Corwin, there is a relatively compelling identification with a group of stars 20 arcmin to the north, as Herschel's original description "star 8th magnitude, the chief of a cluster of 18 to 20 stars" fits the group well, with the position falling dead center on a 7th-magnitude star if it is assumed that there was a transcription error of exactly 20 arcmin in the NPD. (Although a reasonable identification, it cannot be considered certain, and several references therefore note the uncertainty of the identification.)
Physical Information: Apparent size 10 by 8 arcmin?
DSS image of region centered on stellar group NGC 1252; Herschel's 'corrected' position falls on the bright star at the southern end of the group
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1252
(the bright star is at Herschel's 'corrected' position)

NGC 1253 (= PGC 12041, and with
PGC 12053 = Arp 279)
Discovered (Sep 20, 1784) by William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)cd?) in Eridanus (RA 03 14 09.1, Dec -02 49 21)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1253 (= GC 664 = WH IV 17, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 07 07, NPD 93 20.3) is "a 12th magnitude star with nebulosity to east, 90 arcsec long".
Physical Information: Apparent size 5.3 by 2.3 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1253, also showing PGC 12053, which is often called NGC 1253A; the pair comprise Arp 279
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1253, also showing PGC 12053
Below, a 5 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1253, which with spiral galaxy PGC 12053 comprises Arp 279

PGC 12053 (= "NGC 1253A", and with
NGC 1253 = Arp 279)
Not an NGC object but listed here since often called NGC 1253A
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB(s)m?) in Eridanus (RA 03 14 23.6, Dec -02 48 01)
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.3 by 0.8 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 12053, also known as NGC 1253A, and with NGC 1253, as Arp 279
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 12053; for a wider view see NGC 1253

NGC 1254 (= PGC 12052)
Discovered (Sep 9, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Cetus (RA 03 14 23.8, Dec +02 40 40)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1254 (= GC 5301, Marth #89, 1860 RA 03 07 07, NPD 87 51) is "faint, very small, stellar".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.9 by 0.8 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS/DSS composite image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1254
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS/DSS composite image centered on NGC 1254
Below, a 1.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1254

NGC 1255 (= PGC 12007)
Discovered (Aug 30, 1883) by
Edward Barnard
Also observed (date?) by Ormond Stone
An 11th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)bc?) in Fornax (RA 03 13 32.0, Dec -25 43 30)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1255 (Barnard (b), Ormond Stone list I (#??), 1860 RA 03 07 31, NPD 116 17.6) is "faint, pretty large, faint star close to west".
Physical Information: Apparent size 4.2 by 2.7 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1255
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1255
Below, a 4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1255

NGC 1256 (= PGC 12032)
Discovered (Nov 13, 1835) by
John Herschel
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/SAB0?) in Eridanus (RA 03 13 58.2, Dec -21 59 11)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1256 (= GC 665 = JH 2516, 1860 RA 03 07 47, NPD 112 30.8) is "faint, small, extended, almost stellar, 8th magnitude star to northwest".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.4 by 0.6 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1256
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1256
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1256

NGC 1257
Recorded (Oct 19, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 13th-magnitude pair of stars in Perseus (RA 03 16 59.6, Dec +41 31 41)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1257 (Bigourdan (list I #16), 1860 RA 03 07 51, NPD 48 59.4), is a "stellar nebula". The position precesses to RA 03 17 03.5, Dec +41 31 50, but there is nothing there; not that that is a surprise, as given its description Bigourdan's object was as likely to be some kind of stellar object as a nebula. Per Corwin that is almost certainly the case, with the double star an arcmin to the southwest of Bigourdan's position being the most likely candidate due to the stars on either side of it (Bigourdan's original paper notes a pair of stars flanking his I-16), so the identification listed above seems reasonably certain. It also seems quite possible that the fainter stars surrounding the stars in question might have given them the impression of a "stellar nebula". Other efforts to identify NGC 1257 have centered on a galaxy (PGC 12157) about 2/3 of a minute of time to the west of Bigourdan's position, and although that identification is probably incorrect, it seems appropriate to discuss that object immediately below.
SDSS image of region near the pair of stars listed as NGC 1257
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1257, also showing part of PGC 12157
Below, a 2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the pair, their "flanking" stars and fainter companions
SDSS image of the pair of stars listed as NGC 1257

PGC 12157 (not =
NGC 1257)
Not an NGC object but listed here since sometimes misidentified as NGC 1257
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Perseus (RA 03 16 26.2, Dec +41 31 49)
Historical Misidentification:
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 4745 km/sec, PGC 12157 is about 220 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size 1.6 by 0.25 arcmin, it is about 100 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 12157, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 1257
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on PGC 12157
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 12157, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 1257

NGC 1258 (= PGC 12034)
Discovered (Nov 19, 1886) by
Francis Leavenworth
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)cd?) in Eridanus (RA 03 14 05.5, Dec -21 46 28)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1258 (Leavenworth list II (#364), 1860 RA 03 08 04, NPD 112 18.8) is "extremely faint, pretty small, very little extended, 12 arcmin north of h 2516", (JH) 2516 being NGC 1256.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.35 by 0.95 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1258
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1258
Below, a 1.6 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1258

NGC 1259 (= PGC 12208, and not =
Arp 310)
Discovered (Oct 21, 1884) by Guillaume Bigourdan
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0? pec?) in Perseus (RA 03 17 17.3, Dec +41 23 08)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1259 (Bigourdan (list I #17), 1860 RA 08 05, NPD 49 07.8) is "very faint, small, round, very little brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.7 by 0.7 arcmin (from the images below). (member of Perseus Cluster). Some databases misidentify NGC 1259 as Arp 310; Arp 310 is actually IC 1259, hence the disclaimer shown above.
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1259, also showing NGC 1260
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1259, also showing NGC 1260
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1259

NGC 1260 (= PGC 12219)
Discovered (Oct 19, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0(rs)a? pec) in Perseus (RA 03 17 27.2, Dec +41 24 19)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1260 (Bigourdan (list I #18), 1860 RA 03 08 16, NPD 49 06.7) is "very faint, small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.35 by 0.7 arcmin (from the images below). (member of Perseus Cluster)
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1260, also showing NGC 1259
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1260, also showing NGC 1259
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1260

NGC 1261 (= GCL 5)
Discovered (Sep 28, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
An 8th-magnitude globular cluster (type II) in Horologium (RA 03 12 16.0, Dec -55 13 00)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1261 (= GC 666 = JH 2517, Dunlop 337, 1860 RA 03 08 26, NPD 145 44.8) is "a globular cluster, bright, large, round, partially resolved (some stars seen)".
Physical Information: Apparent size 6.8 arcmin?
Observatorio Antilhue image of region near globular cluster NGC 1261
Above, a 12 arcmin wide image centered on NGC 1261
(Image Credit & © above & below Daniel Verschatse, Observatorio Antilhue, Chile; used by permission)
Below, a 2.8 arcmin wide image of the central portion of the cluster
(for comparison with the HST image below it)
Observatorio Antilhue image of part of globular cluster NGC 1261
Below, a 2.8 arcmin wide HST image of the region above (Hubble Legacy Archive, Wikimedia Commons)
HST image of part of globular cluster NGC 1261

NGC 1262 (= PGC 12107)
Discovered (Nov 12, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)bc?) in Eridanus (RA 03 15 33.6, Dec -15 52 46)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1262 (Leavenworth list I (#99), 1860 RA 03 08 35, NPD 106 24.8) is "extremely faint, pretty small, irregularly round, suddenly brighter middle and nucleus". The second Index Catalog lists a corrected RA (per Howe) of 03 09 04. The corrected position precesses to RA 03 15 33.9, Dec -15 53 33, less than an arcmin south of the galaxy, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 24975 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that NGC 1262 is about 1165 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the Universal expansion during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 1055 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1100 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of about 1.05 by 0.95 arcmin, the galaxy is about 320 thousand light years across. (Note: A second radial velocity measurement in excess of 30000 km/sec would place the galaxy about 20% further away, and make it about 20% larger.)
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1262
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1262
Below, a 1.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1262

NGC 1263 (= PGC 12114)
Discovered (Dec 31, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)b? pec) in Eridanus (RA 03 15 39.6, Dec -15 05 54)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1263 (Leavenworth list I (#100), 1860 RA 03 08 35, NPD 105 37.8) is "very faint, small, a little extended, suddenly brighter middle". The second Index Catalog lists a corrected RA (per Howe) of 03 09 08. The corrected position precesses to RA 03 15 40.0, Dec -15 06 34, only 2/3 of an arcmin south of the galaxy, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.9 by 0.8 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1263 overlaid on a DSS background to fill in missing areas
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS/DSS composite image centered on NGC 1263
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1263

NGC 1264 (= PGC 12270)
Discovered (Oct 19, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)b? pec) in Perseus (RA 03 17 59.6, Dec +41 31 13)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1264 (Bigourdan (list I #19), 1860 RA 03 08 47, NPD 48 59.5) is "very faint, small, very little brighter middle". The position precesses to RA 03 17 59.9, Dec +41 31 35, right on the galaxy, so the identification is certain. Despite that, a careless error has led to PGC 12254, which is 5 arcmin south-southwest, being incorrectly identified as NGC 1264 in some places; so that galaxy is discussed immediately below.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.0 by 1.0 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of galaxies.) Corwin lists a companion at RA 03 17 57.6, Dec +41 29 51.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1264, also showing PGC 12254, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 1264
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1264, also showing PGC 12254
Below, a 1.5 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1264

PGC 12254 (not =
NGC 1264)
Not an NGC object but listed here because sometimes misidentified as NGC 1264
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Perseus (RA 03 17 51.1, Dec +41 27 03)
Historical Misidentification:
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.75 by 0.6 arcmin (from the images below). (Probably part of the Perseus Cluster of galaxies.)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy PGC 12254, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 1264; also shown are the actual NGC 1264, and NGC 1260
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on PGC 12254, also showing NGC 1260 and 1264
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy PGC 12254, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 1264

NGC 1265 (= PGC 12287)
Discovered (Nov 14, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 12th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Perseus (RA 03 18 15.7, Dec +41 51 27)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1265 (Bigourdan (list I #20), 1860 RA 03 08 56, NPD 48 37.9) is "very faint, very small, much brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.8 by 1.5 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies.) There happens to be a star nearly superimposed on the nucleus, as indicated by the diffraction spikes in the closeup image.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1265
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1265
Below, a 2.5 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1265

NGC 1266 (= PGC 12131)
Discovered (Sep 20, 1784) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Eridanus (RA 03 16 00.8, Dec -02 25 39)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1266 (= GC 667 = WH III 194, d'Arrest, 1860 03 08 57, NPD 92 56.5) is "very faint, pretty small, 13th magnitude star 2 arcmin to southwest".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.5 by 1.0 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1266
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1266
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1266

NGC 1267 (= PGC 12331)
Discovered (Feb 14, 1863) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Perseus (RA 03 18 44.7, Dec +41 28 03)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1267 (= GC 668, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 09 31, NPD 49 02.5) is "faint, very small, round, stellar".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.15 by 0.95 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies.) (For now, see the wide-field image of NGC 1268.)
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1267, also showing NGC 1268 and NGC 1270
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1267, also showing NGC 1268 and 1270
Below, a 1.5 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1267

NGC 1268 (= PGC 12332)
Discovered (Feb 14, 1863) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)b? pec) in Perseus (RA 03 18 45.2, Dec +41 29 20)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1268 (= GC 669, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 09 31, NPD 49 01.7) is "extremely faint, small, a little extended, cometic", the last word meaning having a cometary appearance.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.15 by 0.8 arcmin (from the images below) (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies.) Possibly interacting with NGC 1267.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1268
Above, a 1.5 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 1268; see NGC 1267 for a wider-field image

NGC 1269 (probably =
NGC 1291 = PGC 12209)
Perhaps observed (Sep 2, 1826) by James Dunlop (and later listed as NGC 1291)
Recorded (Nov 1, 1836) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 1269)
Looked for but not found (1901) by Robert Innes (while listed as NGC 1269)
Also observed (1901) by Robert Innes (while listed as NGC 1291)
(If NGC 1291) A 9th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type (R)SB0/a(s)?) in Eridanus (RA 03 17 18.6, Dec -41 06 29)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1269 (= GC 670 = JH 2518, (Dunlop 487?), 1860 RA 03 09 42, NPD 131 36.4) is "very bright, round, gradually much brighter middle". The second Index Catalog adds "Not found by Innes (1901, 7-inch refractor), but 1291 well seen. h (John Herschel) observed both the same night, once". The position precesses to RA 03 14 49.7, Dec -41 05 08, but there is nothing there, save for the aforementionedNGC 1291, which lies 2 1/2 minutes of time to the east, and as noted in IC2 was all that Innes could find in the region. Per Corwin, odds are that the missing NGC 1269 is a duplicate observation of NGC 1291, as Herschel's NPDs and descriptions for the two entries are identical, and Innes suggested that the two entries might be identical when he failed to find NGC 1269 (although Dreyer did not bother to report the supposition). So although it is possible that NGC 1269 is a lost or nonexistent object, it seems more likely that it is simply a duplicate of NGC 1291, as indicated above.
Physical Information: Given the probable identification as a duplicate of NGC 1291, see that entry for anything else.

NGC 1270 (= PGC 12350)
Discovered (Feb 14, 1863) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Perseus (RA 03 18 58.1, Dec +41 28 12)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1270 (= GC 671, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 09 46, NPD 49 01.9) is "very faint, small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.15 by 0.9 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1270, also showing NGC 1267, NGC 1268, NGC 1272 and NGC 1273
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1270, also showing NGC 1267, 1268, 1272 and 1273
Below, a 1.5 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1270

NGC 1271 (= PGC 12367)
Discovered (Nov 14, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 11.3, Dec +41 21 11)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1271 (Bigourdan (list I #21), 1860 RA 03 09 59, NPD 49 09.9) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.75 by 0.35 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1271
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1271
Below, a 1 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1271

NGC 1272 (= PGC 12384)
Discovered (Feb 14, 1863) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 12th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 21.3, Dec +41 29 27)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1272 (= GC 672, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 10 09, NPD 49 01.6) is "faint, small, round". The position precesses to RA 03 19 22.4, Dec +41 29 17, right on the galaxy, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 2.2 by 2.05 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1272, also showing NGC 1270, NGC 1273, NGC 1274, NGC 1275, NGC 1277, NGC 1278 and PGC 12405 (which is often misidentified as IC 1907)
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1272, also showing NGC 1270,
1273, 1274, 1275, 1277 and 1278, and PGC 12405 (often misidentified as IC 1907)
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy (Both images altered to color-correct overly red region)
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1272

NGC 1273 (= PGC 12396)
Discovered (Feb 14, 1863) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 26.7, Dec +41 32 26)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1273 (= GC 673, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 10 11, NPD 48 58.5) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.9 by 0.8 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1273, also showing NGC 1270, NGC 1272, NGC 1274, NGC 1275, NGC 1277, NGC 1278 and PGC 12405 (which is often misidentified as IC 1907)
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1273, also showing NGC 1270, 1272, 1274, 1275, 1277 & 1278, and PGC 12405 (often misidentified as IC 1907) & 12441 (often misidentified as NGC 1279)
Below, a 1.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1273

NGC 1274 (= PGC 12413)
Discovered (Dec 4, 1875) by
Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 40.5, Dec +41 32 55)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1274 (= GC 5302, 4th Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 03 10 28, NPD 48 58.0) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.75 by 0.35 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1274, also showing NGC 1272, NGC 1273, NGC 1274, NGC 1275, NGC 1276, NGC 1277, NGC 1278, NGC 1279, NGC 1281 and PGC 12405 (which is often misidentified as IC 1907) and PGC 12441 (often misidentified as NGC 1279)
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1274, also showing NGC 1272, 1273, 1275, 1276, 1277, 1278, 1279 & 1281, and PGC 12405 (often misidentified as IC 1907) & 12441 (often misidentified as NGC 1279)
Below, a 0.9 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1274

NGC 1275 (= PGC 12429), Perseus A
Discovered (Oct 17, 1786) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A 12th-magnitude peculiar galaxy (type cD? + S0? pec) in Perseus (RA 03 19 48.2, Dec +41 30 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1275 (= GC 675, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 10 35, NPD 49 00.3) is "faint, small". Per Corwin, Dreyer was confused by the numerous observations of nebulae in this region, and assigned the Herschels' observations to the entry for NGC 1278 (= GC 674 = JH 293 = WH II 603, 1860 RA 03 10 40, NPD 48 57.4), described as "pretty bright, pretty small, round, brighter middle". (More about that, including a translation of d'Arrest's observation, in the next iteration of this entry.)
Physical Information: NGC 1275 is the central, dominant member of the Perseus Cluster of galaxies. A Seyfert galaxy (type Sy 1.5). It is actually two galaxies, a dusty spiral galaxy whose distorted arms are seen as dark filaments against the background of the massive elliptical galaxy with which it is colliding (and probably merging). Each galaxy is distorted by the gravity of the other one, and as clouds of gas in the galaxies collide or are compressed by the interaction, bursts of star formation occur. Among other things, the interaction produces intense radio radiation (probably from gas falling into a supermassive black hole near the center of the elliptical galaxy), hence the galaxies' designation as Perseus A (meaning the brightest radio source in Perseus). As emphasized by a false-color composite in the bottom image, the collision creates glowing filaments of gas which are kept from dissipating by strong magnetic fields extending from the core of the elliptical galaxy. Based on a recessional velocity of 5265 km/sec, NGC 1275 is about 245 million light years away, in good agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 210 to 270 million light years. Given that and an apparent size of 2.3 by 1.7 arcmin, the pair span 165 thousand light years.
SDSS image of region near the colliding pair of galaxies listed as NGC 1275, and also known as Perseus A; also shown are NGC 1272, NGC 1273, NGC 1274, NGC 1277, NGC 1278, NGC 1279, PGC 12405 (often misidentified as IC 1907) and PGC 12241 (often misidentified as NGC 1279)
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1275; also shown are NGC 1272, 1273, 1274, 1277, 1278 and 1279, PGC 12405 (often misidentified as IC 1907) and 12441 (often misidentified as NGC 1279)
Below, a 3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of the colliding pair of galaxies listed as NGC 1275, and also known as radio source Perseus A
Below, a ? arcmin wide HST image of almost the same region, showing far more detail
(Image Credit ESA, and the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration, NASA)
HST image of the colliding pair of galaxies listed as NGC 1275, and also known as radio source Perseus A
Below, a ? arcmin wide NOAO image uses an Hα filter to emphasize the gaseous filaments
(Image Credit C. Conselice/Caltech and WIYN/AURA/NSF/NOAO)
NOAO H-alpha image of the colliding pair of galaxies listed as NGC 1275, and also known as radio source Perseus A
Below, a ? arcmin wide image of the nuclear region (the following image shows its position and orientation)
(Image Credit Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), M. Donahue (STScI) & J. Trauger (JPL), NASA)
HST image of a portion of the colliding pair of galaxies listed as NGC 1275, and also known as radio source Perseus A
Below, for reference, the HST image is overlaid on the 3 arcmin wide SDSS image
Composite of HST and SDSS images of the colliding pair of galaxies listed as NGC 1275, and also known as radio source Perseus A

NGC 1276
Recorded (Dec 12, 1876) by
John Dreyer
A pair of 15th-magnitude stars in Perseus (RA 03 19 51.2, Dec +41 38 29)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1276 (= GC 5303, Dreyer using Lord Rosse's 72-inch telescope, 1860 RA 03 10 37, NPD 48 52.5) is "very faint, very small". The position precesses to RA 03 19 51.3, Dec +41 38 18, less than a third of an arcmin south of the pair of stars noted above; and per Corwin, Dreyer's original measurements fall within a tenth of an arcmin or so from the pair, so the identification is certain.
SDSS image of region near the pair of stars listed as NGC 1276, also showing NGC 1273, NGC 1274, NGC 1277, NGC 1278, NGC 1281 and PGC 12405 (which is often misidentified as IC 1907)
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image of the pair of stars listed as NGC 1276
Also shown are NGC 1273, 1274, 1277, 1278 and 1281, and PGC 12405 (which is not IC 1907)

NGC 1277 (= PGC 12434)
Discovered (Dec 4, 1875) by
Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 51.5, Dec +41 34 25)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1277 (= GC 5304 = GC 5305, 4th Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 03 10 38, NPD 48 56.5) is "very faint, very small, northwest of II 603", (WH) II 603 actually being NGC 1275, but misattributed by Dreyer to NGC 1278. (In other words, Herschel's observation was of NGC 1275, but Dreyer thought it was of NGC 1278, so in describing NGC 1277 as being northwest of NGC 1278, he used the incorrect identification as WH II 603.)
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.75 by 0.4 arcmin (from the image below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1277, also showing part of NGC 1278
Above, a 0.9 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 1277
Also shown is the northwestern rim of NGC 1278 (which see for wider-field images)

NGC 1278 (=
IC 1907 = PGC 12438)
Discovered (Feb 14, 1863) by Heinrich d'Arrest (and later listed as NGC 1278)
Discovered (Oct 22, 1884) by Guillaume Bigourdan (and later listed as IC 1907)
A 12th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 54.1, Dec +41 33 48)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1278 (= GC 674 = JH 293 = WH II 603, (d'Arrest), 1860 03 10 40, NPD 48 57.4) is "pretty bright, pretty small, round, brighter middle". As noted in the entry for NGC 1275, Dreyer confused the Herschels' observation of NGC 1275 with the position of NGC 1278, so he put their observations with the wrong entry; however, the NGC position was based on d'Arrest's measurement (even though d'Arrest is not given credit for it in the NGC listing), and it is good. (More about this, including a translation of d'Arrest's observation, in the next iteration of this entry.) It precesses to RA 03 19 54.0, Dec +41 33 24, within the outline of the galaxy, so the identification is certain. (See IC 1907 for a discussion of the equality of the two listings.)
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.35 by 1.1 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1278, also showing NGC 1272, NGC 1273, NGC 1274, NGC 1275, NGC 1277, NGC 1279 and NGC 1281, and PGC 12405 (often misidentified as IC 1907) and PGC 12241 (often misidentified as NGC 1279)
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1278, also showing NGC 1272, 1273, 1274, 1275, 1276, 1277, 1279 and 1281, and PGC 12405 (which is not IC 1907) and 12441 (which is not NGC 1279)
Below, a 2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy, also showing NGC 1277
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1278, also showing NGC 1277

NGC 1279 (= PGC 12448 = PGC 12449)
Discovered (Dec 12, 1876) by
John Dreyer
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 59.0, Dec +41 28 46)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1279 (= GC 5306, Dreyer using Lord Rosse's 72-inch telescope, 1860 RA 03 10 47, NPD 49 02.3) is "very faint, very small". The position precesses to RA 03 20 00.7, Dec +41 28 29, just outside the southwestern outline of the galaxy, so the identification is certain. (Despite that, some references misidentify PGC 12441 as NGC 1279, so that object is discussed immediately below.)
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.85 by 0.45 arcmin (from the image below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1279
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1279; for a wider-field image see NGC 1275

PGC 12441 (not =
NGC 1279)
Not an NGC object but listed here since often misidentified as NGC 1279
A 15th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Perseus (RA 03 19 55.5, Dec +41 31 22)
Historical Misidentification:
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.4 by 0.4 arcmin (from the image below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy PGC 12441, often misidentified as NGC 1279
Above, a 0.8 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on PGC 12441; see NGC 1275 for a wider-field image

NGC 1280 (= PGC 12262)
Discovered (Dec 19, 1881) by
Édouard Stephan
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)c?) in Cetus (RA 03 17 57.1, Dec -00 10 09)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1280 (Stephan list XII (#25), 1860 RA 03 10 48, NPD 90 41.2) is "very faint, very small, round, gradually brighter middle, mottled but not resolved".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.0 by 0.8 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1280
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1280
Below, a 1.3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1280

NGC 1281 (= PGC 12458)
Discovered (Dec 12, 1876) by
John Dreyer
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E4?) in Perseus (RA 03 20 06.1, Dec +41 37 48)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1281 (= GC 5307, Dreyer using Lord Rosse's 72-inch telescope, 1860 RA 03 10 51, NPD 48 53.3) is "very faint, small, 11th magnitude star one arcmin to west".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.85 by 0.55 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies) (For now, see the wide-field image of NGC 1278.)
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1281, also showing NGC 1274, NGC 1276, NGC 1277, NGC 1278 and PGC 12405, which is often misidentified as IC 1907
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1281
Also shown are NGC 1274, 1276, 1277 and 1278, and PGC 12405 (which is not IC 1907)
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1281

NGC 1282
Discovered (Oct 23, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E4?) in Perseus (RA 03 20 12.1, Dec +41 22 01)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1282 (Bigourdan (list I #22), 1860 RA 03 11 00, NPD 49 09.2) is "very faint, small, a little brighter middle and nucleus".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.3 by 0.9 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1282, also showing NGC 1283
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1282, also showing NGC 1283
Below, a 1.6 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1282

NGC 1283 (= PGC 12478)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1?) in Perseus (RA 03 20 15.5, Dec +41 23 55)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1283 (Bigourdan (list I #23), 1860 RA 03 11 02, NPD 49 07.3) is "very faint, small, very little brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.85 by 0.75 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1283, also showing NGC 1279 and NGC 1282
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1283, also showing NGC 1279 and 1282
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1283

NGC 1284 (= PGC 12247)
Discovered (Dec 10, 1798) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Eridanus (RA 03 17 45.5, Dec -10 17 21)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1284 (= GC 676 = JH 2519 = WH III 956, 1860 RA 03 11 02, NPD 100 48.7) is "extremely faint, very small, 2 stars to south".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.4 by 1.0 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1284
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1284
Below, a 2 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1284

NGC 1285 (= PGC 12259)
Discovered (Oct 28, 1865) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type (R)SB(r)b? pec) in Eridanus (RA 03 17 53.4, Dec -07 17 52)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1285 (= GC 5308, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 11 05, NPD 97 48.6) is "pretty faint, small".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.6 by 1.1 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1285
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1285
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1285

NGC 1286 (= PGC 12250)
Discovered (Nov 10, 1885) by
Lewis Swift
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Eridanus (RA 03 17 48.5, Dec -07 37 01)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1286 (Swift list III (#25), 1860 RA 03 11 05, NPD 98 08.8) is "extremely faint, extremely small, round, 4 bright stars to south".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.85 by 0.7 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1286
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1286
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1286

NGC 1287 (= PGC 12310)
Discovered (Sep 20, 1784) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa? pec) in Eridanus (RA 03 18 33.5, Dec -02 43 50)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1287 (= GC 684 = WH III 195, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 11 32, NPD 93 14.9) is "very faint, very small, irregularly round".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.75 by 0.6 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1287
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1287
Below, a 1 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1287

NGC 1288 (= PGC 12204)
Discovered (Nov 19, 1835) by
John Herschel
Also observed (date?) by Lewis Swift
Also observed (date?) by DeLisle Stewart
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)c?) in Fornax (RA 03 17 13.2, Dec -32 34 33)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1288 (= GC 683 = JH 2520, 1860 RA 03 11 34, NPD 123 05.7) is "very faint, large, round, very gradually a little brighter middle". The second Index Catalog adds "(per Swift) considerably extended north-south, (per DeLisle Stewart) 2 branch spiral". The position precesses to RA 03 17 13.7, Dec -32 34 56, right on the galaxy, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 3.0 by 2.4 arcmin (from the images below). Used by the de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxy Types as an example of galaxy type SAB(rs)bc.
ESO image of spiral galaxy NGC 1288 and supernova SN 2006dr superimposed on a DSS image of region near the galaxy to fill in missing areas
Above, an ESO image overlaid on a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1288
Below, a 3.4 arcmin wide image of the galaxy (Image Credit above & below ESO)
The star left of center is supernova SN 2006dr
ESO image of spiral galaxy NGC 1288 and supernova SN 2006dr

NGC 1289 (=
IC 314 = PGC 12342)
Discovered (Sep 1, 1886) by Lewis Swift (and later listed as NGC 1289)
Discovered (Dec 14, 1887) by Guillaume Bigourdan (and later listed as IC 314)
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Eridanus (RA 03 18 49.8, Dec -01 58 24)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1289 (Swift list IV (#13), 1860 RA 03 11 34, NPD 92 29.0) is "very faint, small, round, 4 stars following (to the east)". The position precesses to RA 03 18 38.8, Dec -01 58 10, about 2 1/2 arcmin to the west of the presumed object, and there are several reasonably bright stars to its east, so the identification is considered certain. (See IC 314 for a discussion of the double listing.)
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 2.0 by 1.1 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1289
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1289
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1289

NGC 1290 (= PGC 12395)
Discovered (1886) by
Ormond Stone
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/SB0?) in Eridanus (RA 03 19 25.2, Dec -13 59 22)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1290 (Ormond Stone list I (#101), 1860 RA 03 11 35, NPD 104 29.7) is "extremely faint, extremely small".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.5 by 0.4 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS/DSS composite image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1290
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS/DSS composite image centered on NGC 1290
Below, a 0.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1290

NGC 1291 (= PGC 12209, and probably =
NGC 1269)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1826) by James Dunlop (and later listed as NGC 1291)
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe (while listed as NGC 1291)
Discovered (Nov 1, 1836) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 1269)
Looked for but not found (1901) by Robert Innes (while listed as NGC 1269)
Also observed (1901) by Robert Innes (while listed as NGC 1291)
A 9th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type (R)SB0(r)a?) in Eridanus (RA 03 17 18.6, Dec -41 06 29)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1291 (= GC 685 = JH 2521, Dunlop 487, 1860 RA 03 12 15, NPD 131 36.8) is a "globular cluster, very bright, pretty large, round, much brighter middle, extremely mottled but not resolved". The second Index Catalog lists a corrected RA (per Howe) of 03 12 50. Usually Howe's corrected positions are an improvement over the original, but in this case the original position is dead on the galaxy (precessing to RA 03 17 21.5, Dec -41 05 55), while Howe's position is a little to its east (precessing to RA 03 17 56.2, Dec -41 06 01). However, the galaxy is so large and bright that the identification is certain no matter which coordinates are used.
Physical Information: Apparent size 11.0 by 9.5 arcmin? Used by the de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxy Types as an example of galaxy type (R)SAB(l)0/a.
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1291
Above, a 20 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1291
Below, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1291
Below, a ? arcmin wide composite image of visible and UV radiation by the galaxy
(Image Credit NASA/JPL-Caltech/CTIC)
Composite of a GALEX UV image and a Cerro Tololo visible-light image of spiral galaxy NGC 1291

NGC 1292 (= PGC 12285)
Discovered (November 1885) by
Edward Barnard
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SA(s)c?) in Fornax (RA 03 18 14.8, Dec -27 36 38)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1292 (Barnard, 1860 RA 03 12 15, NPD 118 08.0) is "faint, pretty small, a little extended, very gradually brighter middle, small (faint) double star near".
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.0 by 1.4 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1292
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1292
Below, a 3 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1292

NGC 1293 (= PGC 12597)
Discovered (Oct 17, 1786) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Perseus (RA 03 21 36.5, Dec +41 23 34)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1293 (= GC 686 = JH 294 = WH III 574, 1860 RA 03 12 25, NPD 49 07.1) is "very faint, round, brighter middle, northwestern of 2", the other being NGC 1294.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.9 by 0.9 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1293, also showing NGC 1294
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1293, also showing NGC 1294
Below, a 1.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1293

NGC 1294 (= PGC 12600)
Discovered (Oct 17, 1786) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Perseus (RA 03 21 40.0, Dec +41 21 38)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1294 (= GC 687 = JH 295 = WH III 575, 1860 RA 03 12 30, NPD 49 08.9) is "very faint, round, brighter middle, southeastern of 2", the other being NGC 1293.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.6 by 1.0 arcmin (from the images below). (A member of the Perseus Cluster of Galaxies)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1294, also showing NGC 1293
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1294, also showing NGC 1293
Below, a 2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1294

NGC 1295 (= PGC 12465)
Discovered (1886) by
Ormond Stone
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0(r)a?) in Eridanus (RA 03 20 03.3, Dec -13 59 53)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1295 (Ormond Stone list I (#102), 1860 RA 03 12 35, NPD 104 30.7) is "extremely faint, very small, gradually brighter middle and nucleus, 10th magnitude star 3 arcmin following (to the east)". The second Index Catalog lists a corrected RA (per Howe) of 03 13 29. The corrected position precesses to RA 03 20 03.3, Dec -14 00 08, on the southern edge of the galaxy, and there is a 10th magnitude star just to the east, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.8 by 0.55 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS/DSS composite image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1295
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS/DSS composite image centered on NGC 1295
Below, a 1 arcmin wide SDSS/DSS image of the galaxy
SDSS/DSS composite image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1295

NGC 1296 (= PGC 12341)
Discovered (1886) by
Francis Leavenworth
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)ab? pec) in Eridanus (RA 03 18 49.7, Dec -13 03 45)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1296 (Leavenworth list II (#365), 1860 RA 03 12 47, NPD 103 34.7) is "extremely faint, very small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.9 by 0.65 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1296
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1296
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1296

NGC 1297 (= PGC 12373)
Discovered (February 1885) by
Edward Barnard
A 12th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SA0? pec) in Eridanus (RA 03 19 14.2, Dec -19 06 00)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1297 (Barnard, 1860 RA 03 12 52, NPD 109 36.3) is "faint, pretty small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.3 by 1.9 arcmin?? Used by the de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxy Types as an example of galaxy type SA0+ pec.
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 1297
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1297
Below, a 3 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 1297

NGC 1298 (= PGC 12473)
Discovered (Jan 4, 1864) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Eridanus (RA 03 20 13.1, Dec -02 06 50)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1298 (= GC 5309, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 03 13 10, NPD 92 37.2) is "faint, pretty small, round, 13th magnitude star to southwest".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.1 by 0.9 arcmin (from the images below).
DSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 1298
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 1298
Below, a 1.6 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 1298

NGC 1299 (= PGC 12466)
Discovered (Jan 27, 1785) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S(rs)bc?) in Eridanus (RA 03 20 09.7, Dec -06 15 43)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 1299 (= GC 688 = JH 296 = WH II 287, 1860 RA 03 13 15, NPD 96 46.0) is "very faint, small, very little extended, gradually brighter middle, extremely mottled but not resolved".
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 1.15 by 0.6 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 1299
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 1299
Below, a 1.5 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 1299
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 1200 - 1249) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 1250 - 1299     → (NGC 1300 - 1349)