Celestial Atlas
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2650, 2651, 2652, 2653, 2654, 2655, 2656, 2657, 2658, 2659, 2660, 2661, 2662, 2663, 2664, 2665, 2666,
2667, 2668, 2669, 2670, 2671, 2672, 2673, 2674, 2675, 2676, 2677, 2678, 2679, 2680, 2681, 2682, 2683,
2684, 2685, 2686, 2687, 2688, 2689, 2690, 2691, 2692, 2693, 2694, 2695, 2696, 2697, 2698, 2699

Page last updated Aug 5, 2012
WORKING 2651: Add basic pix, tags

NGC 2650 (= PGC 24817)
Discovered (Sep 20, 1802) by
William Herschel
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)b) in Ursa Major (RA 08 49 58, Dec +70 17 58)
Based on a recessional velocity of 3825 km/sec, NGC 2650 is about 180 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.6 by 1.2 arcmins, it is about 85 thousand light years across.
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 2650
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 2650
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 2650

NGC 2651 (= PGC 24521)
Discovered (Mar 10, 1864) by
Albert Marth (133)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Cancer (RA 08 43 55.1, Dec +11 46 16)
Apparent size 0.6 by 0.5 arcmin

NGC 2652 (=
NGC 2974 = PC 27762)
Discovered (Jan 6, 1785) by William Herschel (and later listed as NGC 2974)
Discovered (1886) by Ormond Stone (II-406) (and later listed as NGC 2652)
An 11th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E4) in Sextans (RA 09 42 33.2, Dec -03 41 57)
Apparent size 3.4 by 2.1 arcmin. The first IC notes "Not found by Spitaler". Depending upon the reason for the double listing this entry may contain only historical information, in which case you should refer to NGC 2974 for physical data and images.

NGC 2653
Recorded (Aug 18, 1882) by
Wilhelm Tempel (VI-7)
A pair of stars in Camelopardalis (RA 08 54 55.5, Dec +78 23 39)

NGC 2654 (= PGC 24784)
Discovered (Aug 18, 1882) by
Wilhelm Tempel (VI-6)
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBab) in Ursa Major (RA 08 49 12.0, Dec +60 13 15)
Apparent size 4.2 by 0.8 arcmin

NGC 2655 (= PGC 25069)
Discovered (Sep 26, 1802) by
William Herschel
A 10th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0/a) in Camelopardalis (RA 08 55 37.7, Dec +78 13 25)
Apparent size 4.9 by 4.1 arcmin

NGC 2656 (= PGC 24707)
Discovered (Sep 10, 1831) by
John Herschel
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0) in Ursa Major (RA 08 47 53.1, Dec +53 52 34)
Apparent size 1.0 by 1.0 arcmin

NGC 2657 (= PGC 24595)
Discovered (Mar 7, 1885) by
Édouard Stephan (13-43)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sd) in Cancer (RA 08 45 15.8, Dec +09 38 45)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.9 arcmin

NGC 2658 (= OCL 723)
Discovered (May 28, 1826) by
James Dunlop (609)
A 9th-magnitude open cluster (type II2m) in Pyxis (RA 08 43 27.3, Dec -32 39 22)
Apparent size 10 arcmin

NGC 2659 (= OCL 752)
Discovered (Feb 3, 1835) by
John Herschel
A 9th-magnitude open cluster (type III3m) in Vela (RA 08 42 36.0, Dec -45 00 00)
Apparent size 15 arcmin

NGC 2660 (= OCL 759)
Discovered (Dec 29, 1834) by
John Herschel
A 9th-magnitude open cluster (type I3m) in Vela (RA 08 42 38.0, Dec -47 12 02)
Apparent size 3.0 arcmin

NGC 2661 (= PGC 24632)
Discovered (Mar 19, 1784) by
William Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc) in Cancer (RA 08 45 59.5, Dec +12 37 11)
Apparent size 1.4 by 1.3 arcmin

NGC 2662 (= PGC 24612)
Discovered (Mar 16, 1836) by
John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1) in Hydra (RA 08 45 32.0, Dec -15 07 16)
The second IC lists a corrected NPD (per Howe) of 104 36.8. Apparent size 1.2 by 1.1 arcmin.

NGC 2663 (= PGC 24590)
Discovered (Feb 8, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (3-40)
An 11th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E3) in Pyxis (RA 08 45 08.3, Dec -33 47 42)
Apparent size 3.5 by 2.4 arcmin

NGC 2664
Discovered (Mar 20, 1830) by
John Herschel
An open cluster in Cancer (RA 08 47 10.4, Dec +12 36 13)
Apparent size 5.0 arcmin

NGC 2665 (= PGC 24634)
Discovered (1886) by
Frank Muller (II-407)
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBa) in Hydra (RA 08 46 00.8, Dec -19 18 12)
Apparent size 2.0 by 1.5 arcmin

NGC 2666
Discovered (Mar 19, 1828) by
John Herschel
An open cluster in Lynx (RA 08 49 47.3, Dec +44 42 16)
A scatter of stars around HD 75135, whose position is that listed for the cluster.

NGC 2667 (=
IC 2410 = PGC 24741)
Discovered (Feb 18, 1862) by Heinrich d'Arrest (and later listed as NGC 2667)
Discovered (Jan 13, 1901) by Max Wolf (and later listed as IC 2410)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Cancer (RA 08 48 27.2, Dec +19 01 11)
Per Dreyer, NGC 2667 (= d'Arrest, 1860 RA 08 40 21, NPD 70 27.8) is "extremely faint". The position precesses to RA 08 48 20.6, Dec +19 01 27, which is almost 7sW and 16"N of the presumably correct position. There are two faint spirals located just to the east of Dreyer's position, but the brighter one is almost certainly the correct one, for if d'Arrest had been able to see the fainter, he should have seen both; so the identity is reasonably certain. Both objects were photographed by Wolf, with the brighter one becoming IC 2410, thanks to the error in d'Arrest's position, and the fainter, previously unobserved galaxy becoming IC 2411.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 2667
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 2667
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing IC 2411
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 2667, also showing spiral galaxy IC 2411, which is sometimes erroneously called NGC 2667B
The box to the west of NGC 2667 shows Dreyer's position for the galaxy

IC 2411 (= "NGC 2667B" = PGC 24755)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Cancer (RA 08 48 30.2, Dec +19 02 37)
The fainter of the two galaxies noted at NGC 2667, and due to its proximity to that galaxy, sometimes called NGC 2667B. However, it has a perfectly good IC listing, so that is its proper designation, and this entry will only discuss the erroneous use of the NGC number. Therefore, see NGC 2667 for images, and IC 2411 for physical data. (Note: Wikisky shows both galaxies as NGC 2667.)

NGC 2668 (= PGC 24791)
Discovered (Feb 7, 1877) by
Édouard Stephan (9-17)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBab) in Lynx (RA 08 49 22.5, Dec +36 42 39)
Apparent size 1.5 by 0.9 arcmin

NGC 2669 (= OCL 768)
Discovered (Apr 11, 1834) by
John Herschel
A 6th-magnitude open cluster (type II3p) in Vela (RA 08 46 19.0, Dec -52 56 06)
Apparent size 14 arcmin

NGC 2670 (= OCL 764)
Discovered (Feb 18, 1836) by
John Herschel
An 8th-magnitude open cluster (type II2p) in Vela (RA 08 45 30.0, Dec -48 47 30)
Apparent size 7.0 arcmin

NGC 2671 (= OCL 745)
Discovered (May 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop (489)
A 12th-magnitude open cluster (type I3p) in Vela (RA 08 46 12.0, Dec -41 52 38)
Apparent size 5.0 arcmin

NGC 2672 (= PGC 24790, and with
NGC 2673 = Arp 167)
Discovered (Mar 14, 1784) by William Herschel
A 12th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1) in Cancer (RA 08 49 21.8, Dec +19 04 28)
Apparent size 3.0 by 2.8 arcmin. A physical pair with NGC 2673. Used by the de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxy Types as an example of galaxy type E1-2.
SDSS image of the interacting pair of elliptical galaxies, NGC 2672 and 2673, collectively also known as Arp 167
Above, a 4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 2672 and 2673
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair
SDSS image of region near the interacting pair of elliptical galaxies, NGC 2672 and 2673, collectively also known as Arp 167

NGC 2673 (= PGC 24792, and with
NGC 2672 = Arp 167)
Discovered (Dec 19, 1849) by George Stoney
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0) in Cancer (RA 08 49 24.1, Dec +19 04 29)
Apparent size 1.2 by 1.2 arcmin. A physical pair with NGC 2672, which see for images.

NGC 2674 (= PGC 24785)
Discovered (1886) by
Ormond Stone (I-152)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa) in Hydra (RA 08 49 13.2, Dec -14 17 37)
The second IC adds "Not found by Howe (2 nights)". Apparent size 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin.

NGC 2675 (= PGC 24909)
Discovered (Dec 2, 1861) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E3) in Ursa Major (RA 08 52 05.0, Dec +53 37 02)
Apparent size 1.5 by 1.1 arcmin

NGC 2676 (= PGC 24881)
Discovered (Nov 24, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (6-33)
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Ursa Major (RA 08 51 35.6, Dec +47 33 30)
Apparent size 1.2 by 1.2 arcmin

NGC 2677 (= PGC 24821)
Discovered (Mar 17, 1831) by
John Herschel
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Cancer (RA 08 50 01.3, Dec +19 00 37)
Apparent size 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin

NGC 2678
Discovered (Mar 15, 1784) by
William Herschel
An open cluster in Cancer (RA 08 50 02.7, Dec +11 20 19)
Apparent size 10 by 2.5 arcmin

NGC 2679 (= PGC 24884)
Discovered (Mar 13, 1785) by
William Herschel
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0) in Cancer (RA 08 51 32.9, Dec +30 51 54)
Apparent size 1.6 by 1.3 arcmin. "Involved" with NGC 2680, which see.

NGC 2680
Recorded (Feb 26, 1851) by
Bindon Stoney
A pair of stars in Cancer (RA 08 51 33.6, Dec +30 51 57)
Per Dreyer, NGC 2680 (= 3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 08 43 00, NPD 58 36.6) is "very faint, very small, round, brighter middle, a double nebula with 2679". The position is identical to that of NGC 2679, save for being a second of right ascension to the east; and on lower quality images there is a somewhat fuzzy looking object just to the east of the nucleus of the larger galaxy. As a result, NGC 2680 is listed in most databases as a 15th-magnitude compact galaxy of apparent size 0.2 by 0.15 arcmin, superimposed on or part of a physical pair with NGC 2679. However, in higher quality images it is obvious that it is merely one or both of the two stars immediately to the east of NGC 2679's nucleus. (Note: The color and contrast of the higher quality image have been adjusted to ensure that the sharpness of the image is not compromised, while emphasizing the different appearance of the stars compared to their nebular "companion".)
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 2679 and the supposed compact galaxy NGC 2680
Above, a lower quality 2.4 arcmin wide image of NGC 2679 shows NGC 2680 as a fuzzy object
Below, a higher quality image of the same region shows that NGC 2680 is just a pair of stars
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 2679 and the pair of stars listed as NGC 2680

NGC 2681 (= PGC 24961)
Discovered (Mar 17, 1790) by
William Herschel
A 10th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0/a) in Ursa Major (RA 08 53 32.5, Dec +51 18 47)
Apparent size 3.6 by 3.3 arcmin

NGC 2682 (=
M67 = OCL 549)
Discovered (1779) by Johann Koehler
Recorded (April 6, 1780) by Charles Messier
A 7th-magnitude open cluster (type II2m) in Cancer (RA 08 51 18.0, Dec +11 49 00)
Apparent size 25 arcmin
NOAO image of open cluster NGC 2682, also known as M67
Above, an image of NGC 2682 (Image Credit: AURA/NSF/NOAO)

NGC 2683 (= PGC 24930)
Discovered (Feb 5, 1788) by
William Herschel
A 10th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)b) in Lynx (RA 08 52 41, Dec +33 25 12)
NGC 2683's recessional velocity of 410 km/sec is too small to yield a reliable estimate of distance, as its peculiar (non-Hubble-expansion) velocity could be a significant part of its overall motion. Ignoring that caveat, its redshift implies a distance of 18 million light years, in reasonable agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 18 to 45 million light years. Given its 9.3 by 2.2 arcmin apparent size, the galaxy is about 50 thousand light years across if at the closer distance, and over 100 thousand light years across if the more distant estimate is closer to being correct. (The galaxy's impressive appearance and well-organized structure suggest that the larger size and distance are more likely, but appearances are often misleading.) A study of irregularities in the velocity distribution of stars in the central region suggests that like our own galaxy, NGC 2683 has a barred structure; but because of the galaxy's nearly edge-on presentation, it is impossible to tell that from the images shown here. The HST closeup (third below) shows the relatively bright core (the reason it is classified as a Seyfert (type Sy 2) galaxy), extensive dust clouds outlined by the light of stars scattered throughout its disk, and numerous clusters of hot young blue stars scattered along the spiral arms which are mostly shrouded by the clouds of gas and dust lying in the plane of its galactic equator.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 2683
Above, an 8 arcmin wide view of the entire galaxy, with north at the top
Below, a more nearly true-color image (Image Credits: Doug Matthews/Adam Block/AURA/NSF/NOAO)
NOAO image of spiral galaxy NGC 2683
Below, a HST image (Credits: Data: Hubble Legacy Archive, ESA, NASA; Processing: Nikolaus Sulzenauer)
HST image of most of spiral galaxy NGC 2683
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Also shown in the wide-field view are PGC 24945, 2030408 and 2032797 (see PGC Objects)
See immediately below for a discussion of the object labeled as 0853+3321
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 2683

2MASXJ08524947+3321216 (= "0853+3321", above)
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Lynx (RA 08 52 49, Dec +33 21 22)
This catalog mostly ignores galaxies that do not have an NGC, IC or PGC entry; but in searching for such an identification of 2MASXJ08524947+3321216, information was obtained which seems of adequate interest to justify an entry, despite its not being included in any of those catalogs. Given its recessional velocity of 33600 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that the galaxy is about 1.5 billion light years away. However, for such distant objects, we must take into account the expansion of the Universe during the billion and a half years it took the light by which we see the object to reach us. Doing that indicates that we see the galaxy when it was about 1.375 billion light years away, and that it took the light it emitted at that time about 1.45 billion years to reach us (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the space through which the light passed on its way here). Given that and the galaxy's apparent size of about 0.25 by 0.2 arcmin, it is about 100 thousand light years across. In other words, this faint speck is about what our galaxy would look like if seen by the inhabitants of worlds in that distant object.
SDSS image of region near 2MASXJ08524947+3321216
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of 2MASXJ08524947+3321216; for a wide-field view, see NGC 2683

NGC 2684 (= PGC 25024)
Discovered (Mar 9, 1788) by
William Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc) in Ursa Major (RA 08 54 53.8, Dec +49 09 37)
Apparent size 0.9 by 0.7 arcmin

NGC 2685 (= PGC 25065 =
Arp 336), the Helix Galaxy
Discovered (Aug 18, 1882) by Wilhelm Tempel (VI-8)
An 11th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type (R)SB0^+ pec) in Ursa Major (RA 08 55 34.9, Dec +58 44 05)
Apparent size 4.6 by 2.5 arcmin. A polar ring galaxy.
NOAO image of lenticular galaxy NGC 2685, also known as the Helix Galaxy, or Arp 336
Above, a closeup of NGC 2685 (Image Credits: N. A. Sharp/AURA/NSF/NOAO)

NGC 2686 (= PGC 25025 + PGC 25026)
Discovered (Mar 11, 1858) by
R. J. Mitchell
A pair of compact galaxies in Ursa Major
PGC 25026 = A 15th-magnitude compact galaxy (type C) at RA 08 54 58.8, Dec +49 08 33
PGC 25025 = A 16th-magnitude compact galaxy (type C) at RA 08 55 00.5, Dec +49 08 32
Apparent size of PGC 25025 = 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin; of PGC 25026 = 0.5 by 0.3 arcmin
SDSS image of the pair of compact galaxies listed as NGC 2686; also partly shown are spiral galaxy NGC 2684 and galaxy pair NGC 2687
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 2686, also showing part of NGC 2684 and 2687

NGC 2687 (= PGC 25030 + PGC 25031)
Discovered (Mar 11, 1858) by
R. J. Mitchell
A pair of spiral galaxies in Ursa Major
PGC 25030 = A 16th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S) at RA 08 55 05.8, Dec +49 09 22
PGC 25031 = A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S) at RA 08 55 05.1, Dec +49 09 22
Apparent size of PGC 25030 = 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin; of PGC 25031 = 0.2 by 0.1 arcmin

NGC 2688 (= PGC 25048)
Discovered (Mar 11, 1858) by
R. J. Mitchell
A 16th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Ursa Major (RA 08 55 11.4, Dec +49 07 21)
Apparent size 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin

NGC 2689 (= PGC 2333935)
Discovered (Mar 11, 1858) by
R. J. Mitchell
A 16th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Ursa Major (RA 08 55 25.3, Dec +49 06 55)
Apparent size 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin

WORKING HERE

NGC 2690 (= PGC 24926)
Discovered (Mar 10, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (3-41)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sab) in Hydra (RA 08 52 38.0, Dec -02 36 13)
The second IC lists a corrected 1860 RA (per Howe) of 08 45 34. Apparent size 1.9 by 0.5 arcmin.

NGC 2691 (= PGC 25020)
Discovered (Mar 20, 1787) by
William Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa) in Lynx (RA 08 54 46.3, Dec +39 32 21)
Apparent size 0.9 by 0.5 arcmin

NGC 2692 (= PGC 25142)
Discovered (Mar 17, 1790) by
William Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBab) in Ursa Major (RA 08 56 57.8, Dec +52 03 57)
Apparent size 1.3 by 0.5 arcmin

NGC 2693 (= PGC 25144)
Discovered (Mar 17, 1790) by
William Herschel
A 12th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E3) in Ursa Major (RA 08 56 59.4, Dec +51 20 52)
Apparent size 2.6 by 1.8 arcmin. Recessional velocity 4940 km/sec. A pair with NGC 2694.
SDSS image of elliptical galaxies NGC 2693 and 2694
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 2693 and 2694

NGC 2694 (= PGC 25143)
Discovered (Mar 9, 1850) by
George Stoney
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1) in Ursa Major (RA 08 56 59.2, Dec +51 19 57)
Apparent size 1.2 by 1.1 arcmin. Recessional velocity 5090 km/sec. A pair with NGC 2693.

NGC 2695 (= PGC 25003)
Discovered (Jan 6, 1785) by
William Herschel
A 12th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0) in Hydra (RA 08 54 27.0, Dec -03 04 01)
Apparent size 1.7 by 1.2 arcmin

NGC 2696 (= PGC 24851)
Discovered (1886) by
Ormond Stone (I-153)
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0) in Hydra (RA 08 50 42.0, Dec -05 00 34)
Apparent size 1.3 by 1.3 arcmin

NGC 2697 (= PGC 25029)
Discovered (Jan 24, 1851) by
Bindon Stoney
A 12th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a) in Hydra (RA 08 54 59.3, Dec -02 59 16)
Apparent size 1.8 by 1.1 arcmin

NGC 2698 (= PGC 25067)
Discovered (Mar 11, 1826) by
John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0/a) in Hydra (RA 08 55 36.4, Dec -03 11 03)
Apparent size 1.5 by 0.5 arcmin

NGC 2699 (= PGC 25075)
Discovered (Jan 4, 1862) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E1) in Hydra (RA 08 55 48.8, Dec -03 07 38)
Apparent size 1.1 by 1.0 arcmin
DSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 2699, also showing the star presumed to be NGC 2700
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 2699 and "NGC 2700"
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 2698, "2702" and "2707"
DSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 2699, also showing the stars presumed to be NGC 2700, 2702 and 2707, and lenticular galaxy NGC 2698
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 2600 - 2649) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 2650 - 2699     → (NGC 2700 - 2749)