Celestial Atlas
(NGC 300 - 349) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 350 - 399 Link for sharing this page on Facebook     → (NGC 400 - 449)
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Page last updated Oct 24, 2016
Checked Corwin positions, original Dreyer NGC entries
WORKING: Check positions/historical IDs (Corwin+)

NGC 350 (= PGC 3690)
Discovered (Sep 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth (#30)
A magnitude 14.4 lenticular galaxy (type E/SB0?) in Cetus (RA 01 01 56.7, Dec -06 47 45)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 350 (= GC 5140, Marth #30, 1860 RA 00 54 54, NPD 97 34) is "extremely faint".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.7 by 0.5 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 350, also showing part of NGC 349
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 350 and part of NGC 349 (which see for a wider image)

NGC 351 (= PGC 3693)
Discovered (Nov 10, 1885) by
Lewis Swift
Also observed (date?) by Guillaume Bigourdan
A magnitude 13.2 lenticular galaxy (type (R')SB0/a?(r)) in Cetus (RA 01 01 57.8, Dec -01 56 12)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 351 (Swift list III (#3), 1860 RA 00 55 02, NPD 92 41.9) is "extremely faint, pretty small, northwestern of 2", the other being NGC 353. The second Index Catalog lists a corrected 1860 RA (per Bigourdan) of 00 54 50.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.5 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 351
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 351
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 351

NGC 352 (= PGC 3701)
Discovered (Sep 20, 1784) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.6 spiral galaxy (type (R')SB(rs)b?) in Cetus (RA 01 02 09.2, Dec -04 14 43)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 352 (= GC 189 = JH 81 = WH III 191, 1860 RA 00 55 05, NPD 94 59.8) is "pretty faint, small, irregularly extended, 8th magnitude star 97 seconds of time to east".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.4 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 352
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 352
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 352

NGC 353 (= PGC 3714)
Discovered (Nov 10, 1885) by
Lewis Swift
A magnitude 13.7 spiral galaxy (type SBa pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 02 24.6, Dec -01 57 27)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 353 (Swift list III (#4), 1860 RA 00 55 24, NPD 92 43.4) is "extremely faint, pretty small, round, southeastern of 2", the other being NGC 351.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.3 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 353
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 353
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 353

NGC 354 (= PGC 3763)
Discovered (Oct 24, 1881) by
Édouard Stephan
A magnitude 13.5 spiral galaxy (type SBb pec?) in Pisces (RA 01 03 16.4, Dec +22 20 33)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 354 (Stephan list XII (#10), 1860 RA 00 55 47, NPD 68 24.5) is "very faint, very small, round, very small (faint) star involved, 14th magnitude star close to west".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.8 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 354
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 354
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 354

NGC 355 (= PGC 3753)
Discovered (Sep 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A magnitude 15.3 lenticular galaxy (type SB0 pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 03 07.0, Dec -06 19 26)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 355 (= GC 5141, Marth #31, 1860 RA 00 56 01, NPD 97 05) is "extremely small, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 355, also showing NGC 357
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 355, also showing NGC 357
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 355

NGC 356 (= PGC 3754)
Discovered (Sep 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)bc pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 03 07.1, Dec -06 59 18)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 356 (= GC 5142, Marth #32, 1860 RA 00 56 05, NPD 97 44) is "very faint, small, irregularly round".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.8 by 1.2 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 356
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 356
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 356

NGC 357 (= PGC 3768)
Discovered (Sep 10, 1785) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.0 lenticular galaxy (type SB0/a?(r)) in Cetus (RA 01 03 21.9, Dec -06 20 21)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 357 (= GC 190 = JH 82 = WH II 434, 1860 RA 00 56 16, NPD 97 05.8) is "faint, small, irregularly round, suddenly brighter middle, 14th magnitude star 20 arcsec to northeast".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.5 by 1.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 357, also showing NGC 355
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 357, also showing NGC 355
Below, a 3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 357

NGC 358
Recorded (Feb 4, 1865) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A group of stars in Cassiopeia (RA 01 05 08.0, Dec +62 01 18)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 358 (= GC 5143, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 00 56 28, NPD 28 42.7) is a "cluster, very little rich". The position precesses to RA 01 05 09.3, Dec +62 02 26, just north of a two arcmin wide group of four 11th to 12th magnitude stars arranged in a "trapezium" which is almost certainly d'Arrest's "cluster", although "very little rich" seems a bit of an understatement.
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.5 arcmin?
DSS image of region near the group of stars listed as NGC 358
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 358
Below, a 6 arcmin wide DSS image of the group
DSS image of the group of stars listed as NGC 358

NGC 359 (= PGC 3817)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A magnitude 13.4 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Cetus (RA 01 04 17.0, Dec -00 45 54)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 359 (= GC 5144, Marth #33, 1860 RA 00 57 08, NPD 91 31) is "extremely faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.5 by 1.1 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 359, also showing NGC 364
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 359, also showing NGC 364
Below, a 3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 359

NGC 360 (= PGC 3743)
Discovered (Nov 2, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Tucana (RA 01 02 51.5, Dec -65 36 36)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 360 (= GC 191 = JH 2372, 1860 RA 00 57 27, NPD 156 21.5) is "extremely faint, very much exended 145°, very little brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.6 by 0.5 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 360
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 360
Below, a 3.6 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 360

NGC 361 (an OCL in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Sep 6, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 11 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 02 11.0, Dec -71 36 24)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 361 (= GC 192 = JH 2374, Dunlop 55??, 1860 RA 00 57 29, NPD 162 22.6) is "very very faint, pretty large, very little extended, very gradually brighter middle".
Discovery Notes: Steinicke lists as Dunlop 54.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.6 arcmin?
DSS image of region near NGC 361, an open cluster n the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 361
Below, a 3 arcmin wide DSS image of the cluster
DSS image of NGC 361, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 362 (= GCL 3)
Discovered (Aug 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 6.8 globular cluster (type III) in Tucana (RA 01 03 14.3, Dec -70 50 56)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 362 (= GC 193 = JH 2375, Dunlop 62, 1860 RA 00 57 29, NPD 161 36.0) is a "globular cluster, very bright, very large, very compressed, very much brighter middle, stars from 13th to 14th magnitude". The second Index Catalog adds "minute of (1860) RA are 58 (error of reduction in GC)". The corrected position precesses to RA 01 03 14.9, Dec -70 50 51, right on the cluster, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size 14 arcmin? The cluster has an unusually high "metal" content for a globular cluster, indicating that unlike most globulars, which are about the same age as our galaxy (about 13 billion years old), it was probably formed only about 11 billion years ago, which is a "young" age for a Milky Way globular cluster.
Observatorio Antilhue image of region near globular cluster NGC 362
Above, an approximately 30 arcmin wide image centered on NGC 362
(Image Credit & © above and below Daniel Verschatse, Observatorio Antilhue; used by permission)
Below, an approximately 15 arcmin wide image of the globular cluster
Observatorio Antilhue image of globular cluster NGC 362
Below, a 2.3 arcmin wide HST image of the center of the cluster (Image Credit ESA/Hubble & NASA)
HST image of core of globular cluster NGC 362

NGC 363 (= PGC 3911)
Discovered (Nov 28, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A magnitude 14.7 lenticular galaxy (type S0 pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 06 15.8, Dec -16 32 34)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 363 (Leavenworth list I (#23), 1860 RA 00 57 30, NPD 107 18.7) is "extremely faint, extremely small, round". The second Index Catalog lists a corrected 1860 RA (per Howe) of 00 59 20. The corrected position precesses to RA 01 06 14.9, Dec -16 33 40, just over an arcmin south of the galaxy, and there is nothing else nearby so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.75 by 0.55 arcmin (from image below)
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 363
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 363
Below, a 1 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 363

NGC 364 (= PGC 3833)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A magnitude 13.1 lenticular galaxy (type (R)SB0(s)?) in Cetus (RA 01 04 40.8, Dec -00 48 10)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 364 (= GC 5145, Marth #34, 1860 RA 00 57 31, NPD 91 33) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.4 by 1.2 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 364, also showing NGC 359
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 364, also showing NGC 359
Below, a 3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 364

NGC 365 (= PGC 3822)
Discovered (Nov 25, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.4 spiral galaxy (type SB(r)bc pec?) in Sculptor (RA 01 04 18.7, Dec -35 07 17)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 365 (= GC 194 = JH 2373, 1860 RA 00 57 44, NPD 125 53.8) is "faint, small, round, gradually a little brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.6 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 365
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 365
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 365

NGC 366 (= OCL 316)
Discovered (Oct 27, 1829) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 10 open cluster (type II3p) in Cassiopeia (RA 01 06 25.0, Dec +62 13 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 366 (= GC 195 = JH 83, 1860 RA 00 57 46, NPD 28 34.1) is a "cluster, small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 4.0 arcmin?
DSS image of region near open cluster NGC 366
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 366

NGC 367 (= PGC 3894)
Discovered (1886) by
Frank Muller
A magnitude 14.7 spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Cetus (RA 01 05 48.9, Dec -12 07 43)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 367 (Muller list II (#299), 1860 RA 00 57 54, NPD 102 53.7) is "extremely faint, pretty small, extended 175°, brightest toward the north side, 3 stars of 12th magnitude to northwest".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.9 by 0.5 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 367
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 367
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 367

NGC 368 (= PGC 3826)
Discovered (Sep 5, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.8 lenticular galaxy (type (R')SAB0/a(rs)?) in Phoenix (RA 01 04 22.0, Dec -43 16 36)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 368 (= GC 196 = JH 4012, 1860 RA 00 57 58, NPD 134 01.8) is "extremely faint, very small, 7th or 8th magnitude star 3 arcmin to southwest".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.7 by 0.6 arcmin?
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 368
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 368
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 368

NGC 369 (= PGC 3856)
Discovered (Oct 9, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A magnitude 13.8 spiral galaxy (type SAB(r)b?) in Cetus (RA 01 05 08.9, Dec -17 45 33)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 369 (Leavenworth list I (#24), 1860 RA 00 58 30, NPD 108 33.7) is "very faint, very small, round, gradually brighter middle". The second Index Catalog lists a corrected 1860 position (per Howe) of RA 00 58 15, NPD 108 30.6. The position precesses to RA 01 05 09.0, Dec -17 45 30, right on the galaxy, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.8 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 369
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 369
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 369

NGC 370 (? perhaps =
NGC 372 ?)
Recorded (Oct 7, 1861) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A lost or nonexistent object in Pisces (RA 01 06 34.9, Dec +32 24 44)
or perhaps Three stars in Pisces (RA 01 06 44.5, Dec +32 25 40)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 370 (= GC 197, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 00 58 53, NPD 58 20.3) is "very faint, 13th magnitude star 15 arcsec to south, diffuse". The position precesses to RA 01 06 34.9, Dec +32 24 44 (whence the position listed above), but there is nothing there. Corwin notes that NGC 372 (which see for an image of the region) is only a little to the northeast, and suggests that NGC 370 may be a duplication of that entry, or the western pair of stars in that triplet; but even he is not convinced by his argument, so barring further developments it seems best to consider NGC 370 as lost or nonexistent.

NGC 371 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Aug 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
An open cluster and emission nebula in Tucana (RA 01 03 28, Dec -72 03 18)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 371 (= GC 198 = JH 2376, Dunlop 31??, 1860 RA 00 58 56, NPD 162 48.5) is "a cluster, faint, large, round, pretty compressed, stars from 14th to 16th magnitude".
Discovery Notes: The identification as Dunlop 31 now appears far more certain than in Dreyer's time, hence his being listed as the actual discoverer, instead of "perhaps observed by".
Physical Information: Apparent size 7.5 arcmin?
DSS image of region near NGC 371, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 371
Below, an image of the same region (Image Credit currently unknown; to be credited or removed ASAP)
Unknown image of region near NGC 371, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 372 (? perhaps =
NGC 370 ?)
Recorded (Dec 12, 1876) by John Dreyer
Three stars in Pisces (RA 01 06 44.5, Dec +32 25 40)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 372 (= GC 5146, Dreyer using Lord Rosse's 72-inch telescope, 1860 RA 00 59 02, NPD 58 19.4) is "stellar, much brighter middle, mottled but not resolved". The position precesses to RA 01 06 44.0, Dec +32 25 36, well within the triplet listed above, so the identification is certain. As noted at NGC 370, that entry may be a poorly recorded duplicate of NGC 372, or of the southwestern pair of stars in NGC 372; but the argument in favor of that is weak, and there can be no confidence placed in the supposed equivalence.
DSS image of region near the three stars listed as NGC 372, also showing d'Arrest's position for the lost or nonexistent NGC 370
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 372, also showing d'Arrest's position for NGC 370

NGC 373 (= PGC 3946)
Discovered (Dec 12, 1876) by
John Dreyer
A magnitude 14.9 elliptical galaxy (type E0) in Pisces (RA 01 06 58.2, Dec +32 18 30)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 373 (= GC 5147, Dreyer using Lord Rosse's 72-inch telescope, 1860 RA 00 59 14, NPD 58 26.6) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.4 by 0.4 arcmin? Although in the same general area as the numerous galaxies included in Arp 331, NGC 373 was not included in the "galaxy chain" by Arp, because it is too far to the west of the line of galaxies.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 373, also showing NGC 375, NGC 382, NGC 384 and NGC 385
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 373, also showing NGC 375, 382, 384 and 385
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 373

NGC 374 (= PGC 3952)
Discovered (Oct 7, 1861) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 13.5 lenticular galaxy (type (R)S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 05.8, Dec +32 47 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 374 (= GC 199, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 00 59 21, NPD 57 57.3) is "faint, small, between two 15th magnitude stars".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.5 arcmin?.
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 374
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 374
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 374

NGC 375 (= PGC 3953,
and with
NGC 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Dec 1, 1874) by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A magnitude 14.5 elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 05.9, Dec +32 20 53)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 375 (= GC 5148, 4th Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 00 59 23, NPD 58 24.2) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin? Used by the Arp Atlas as part of an example of a chain of galaxies.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 375, also showing NGC 373, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386 and NGC 387
Above a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 375
Also shown are NGC 373, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386 and NGC 387
Below, a 0.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 375
Below, a 12 by 17.5 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the galaxies that comprise Arp 331
SDSS image of NGC 375, NGC 379, NGC 380, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388, collectively known as galaxy chain Arp 331, and NGC 373, which is not part of the Arp chain

NGC 376 (an OCL in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
Perhaps also observed (date?) by DeLisle Stewart
A magnitude 10.9 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 03 53.5, Dec -72 49 31)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 376 (= GC 200 - JH 2378, Dunlop 36??, 1860 RA 00 59 27, NPD 163 34.4) is a "globular cluster, bright, small, round". The position precesses to RA 01 03 52.7, Dec -72 49 18, right on the cluster, so the identification is certain.
Discovery Notes: Dunlop's observation now appears far more certain than in Dreyer's time, hence his being listed as the actual discoverer, instead of "perhaps observed by". Also, the second Index Catalog notes (per DeLisle Stewart), "Only a double star, position 270 degrees, distance 10 arsec", but it is hard to see what that note has to do with the original NGC entry, so whether Stewart actually observed the object will be dealt with in the next iteration of this page.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 arcmin?
DSS image of region near NGC 376, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 376
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the cluster
DSS image of NGC 376, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide HST image of the cluster (Image Credit Hubble Legacy Archive)
HST image of NGC 376, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 377 (= PGC 3931)
Discovered (Oct 15, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth
A magnitude 15.1 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Cetus (RA 01 06 35.1, Dec -20 19 56)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 377 (Leavenworth list I (#25), 1860 RA 00 59 30, NPD 110 47.7) is "very faint, very small, much extended, suddenly brighter middle and nucleus". The position precesses to RA 01 06 21.4, Dec -20 02 40, but there is nothing there. However, per Corwin, although the object was missed by previous efforts to identify it (implying that it was "lost" for a very long time), a copy of Leavenworth's sketch of the region allows a certain identification of NGC 377 with PGC 3931, a galaxy about 17 arcmin nearly due south of the NGC position. (Note: The ESO catalog misidentifies PGC 3931 as NGC 412; see that entry for a discussion of that mistake.)
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.8 by 0.2 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 3931, now known to be NGC 377
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 377
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 3931, now known to be NGC 377

NGC 378 (= PGC 3907)
Discovered (Sep 28, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy (type SB(r)c?) in Sculptor (RA 01 06 12.2, Dec -30 10 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 378 (= GC 201 = JH 2377, 1860 RA 00 59 32, NPD 120 55.9) is "very faint, small, round, gradually brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.5 by 1.1 arcmin?
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 378
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 378
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 378

NGC 379 (= PGC 3966,
and with
NGC 375, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.8 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 15.7, Dec +32 31 14)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 379 (= GC 202 = JH 84 = WH II 215, 1860 RA 00 59 34, NPD 58 13.8) is "pretty faint, small, round, brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.4 by 0.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 379, also showing NGC 380 and NGC 383
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 379, also showing NGC 380 and NGC 383
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 379
Below, a 12 by 17.5 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the galaxies that comprise Arp 331
SDSS image of NGC 375, NGC 379, NGC 380, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388, collectively known as galaxy chain Arp 331, and NGC 373, which is not part of the Arp chain

NGC 380 (= PGC 3969,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 elliptical galaxy (type E2) in Pisces (RA 01 07 17.6, Dec +32 28 59)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 380 (= GC 203 = JH 85 = WH II 216, 1860 RA 00 59 36, NPD 58 16.0) is "pretty faint, small, round, suddenly brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.4 by 1.2 arcmin.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 380, also showing NGC 379, NGC 382, NGC 383 and NGC 387
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 380, also showing NGC 379, 382, 383 and 387
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 380
Below, a 12 by 17.5 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the galaxies that comprise Arp 331
SDSS image of NGC 375, NGC 379, NGC 380, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388, collectively known as galaxy chain Arp 331, and NGC 373, which is not part of the Arp chain

NGC 381 (= OCL 317)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1787) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 9.3 open cluster (type III2p) in Cassiopeia (RA 01 08 13, Dec +61 35 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 381 (= GC 204 = WH VIII 64, Caroline Herschel, 1860 RA 00 59 40, NPD 10.0) is "a cluster, pretty compressed".
Discovery Notes: Per Steinicke, Caroline Herschel did not observe this object.
Physical Information: Apparent size 7.0 arcmin?
DSS image of region near open cluster NGC 381
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 381

NGC 382 (= PGC 3981,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Nov 4, 1850) by Bindon Stoney
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 13.2 elliptical galaxy (type E0??) in Pisces (RA 01 07 23.9, Dec +32 24 15)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 382 (= GC 205, 3rd Lord Rosse, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 00 59 42, NPD 58 20.7) is "very faint, small, round, southwestern of double nebula", the other being NGC 383.
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case Bindon Stoney.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 0.4 by 0.4 arcmin (from image below)
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 382, also showing NGC 373, NGC 375, NGC 380, NGC 383, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 382
Also shown are NGC 373, 375, 380, 383, 385, 386, 387, and 388
Below, a 0.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy, also showing part of NGC 383
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 382, also showing NGC 383
Below, a 12 by 17.5 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the galaxies that comprise Arp 331
SDSS image of NGC 375, NGC 379, NGC 380, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388, collectively known as galaxy chain Arp 331, and NGC 373, which is not part of the Arp chain

NGC 383 (= PGC 3982,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 382, 384, 385, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.2 lenticular galaxy (type E/SA0?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 25.0, Dec +32 24 45)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 383 (= GC 206 = JH 86 = WH II 217, 1860 RA 00 59 43, NPD 58 20.2) is "pretty faint, pretty large, round, gradually brighter middle, northeastern of double nebula", the other being NGC 382.
Physical Information: Apparent size of about 2.0 by 1.7 arcmin (from image below)
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 383, also showing NGC 382 and NGC 387
Above, a 2.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 383, also showing 382, which see for wider views

NGC 384 (= PGC 3983,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 382, 383, 385, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Nov 4, 1850) by Bindon Stoney
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 13.1 lenticular galaxy (type E/SB0?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 25.0, Dec +32 17 34)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 384 (= GC 207, 3rd Lord Rosse, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 00 59 43, NPD 58 27.3) is "pretty faint, pretty small, southwestern of 2", the other being NGC 385.
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case Bindon Stoney.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 384, also showing NGC 373, NGC 375, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 384
Also shown are NGC 373, 375, 385, 386, 387 and 388
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 384
Below, a 12 by 17.5 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the galaxies that comprise Arp 331
SDSS image of NGC 375, NGC 379, NGC 380, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388, collectively known as galaxy chain Arp 331, and NGC 373, which is not part of the Arp chain

NGC 385 (= PGC 3984,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 386, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Nov 4, 1850) by Bindon Stoney
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 13.0 lenticular galaxy (type E/SA0?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 27.2, Dec +32 19 11)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 385 (= GC 208, 3rd Lord Rosse, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 00 59 45, NPD 58 25.7) is "pretty faint, pretty small, round, northeastern of 2", the other being NGC 384.
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case Bindon Stoney.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 1.0 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 385
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 385; for wider views see NGC 384

NGC 386 (= PGC 3989,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 387 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Nov 4, 1850) by Bindon Stoney
A magnitude 14.3 elliptical galaxy (type E3?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 31.3, Dec +32 21 43)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 386 (= GC 209, 3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 00 59 48, NPD 58 23.3) is "considerably faint, small, round".
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case Bindon Stoney.
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.4 by 0.3 arcmin?
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 386
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 386; for wider views see NGC 382

NGC 387 (= PGC 3987,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386 and 388 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Dec 10, 1873) by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A magnitude 15.5 elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 33.1, Dec +32 23 28)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 387 (= GC 5149, 4th Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 00 59 50, NPD 58 21.6) is "very faint, small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.4 by 0.4 arcmin? Although not in the current NED list of Arp 331 galaxies, NGC 387 was included in Arp's original paper, so it is included here as well.
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 387
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 387; for wider views see NGC 382

NGC 388 (= PGC 4005,
and with
NGC 375, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386 and 387 = Arp 331)
Discovered (Nov 4, 1850) by Bindon Stoney
A magnitude 14.3 elliptical galaxy (type E5?) in Pisces (RA 01 07 47.2, Dec +32 18 36)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 388 (= GC 210, 3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 01 00 04, NPD 58 27.3) is "very faint, small, round".
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case Bindon Stoney.
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 388, also showing NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386 and NGC 387
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 388
Also shown are NGC 382, 383, 384, 385, 386 and 387
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 388
Below, a 12 by 17.5 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the galaxies that comprise Arp 331
SDSS image of NGC 375, NGC 379, NGC 380, NGC 382, NGC 383, NGC 384, NGC 385, NGC 386, NGC 387 and NGC 388, collectively known as galaxy chain Arp 331, and NGC 373, which is not part of the Arp chain

NGC 389 (= PGC 4054)
Discovered (Sep 6, 1885) by
Lewis Swift
A magnitude 14.0 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Andromeda (RA 01 08 29.9, Dec +39 41 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 389 (Swift list II (#12), 1860 RA 01 00 06, NPD 51 01.5) is "extremely faint, extremely small, round, star near".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.3 by 0.4 arcmin?
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 389, also showing NGC 393
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 389, also showing NGC 393
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 389

NGC 390 (= PGC 3325902)
Recorded (Nov 19, 1884) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A magnitude 14.9 star in Pisces (RA 01 07 54.3 Dec +32 25 58)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 390 (Bigourdan (list I #9), 1860 RA 01 00 13, NPD 58 18.5) is "very faint, very small, stellar". The position precesses to RA 01 07 55.6, Dec +32 26 28, but there is nothing there save scattered stars. Bigourdan's description of the object as stellar means that NGC 390 is almost certainly one of those stars, and the simplest assumption would be the nearest and brightest of them, which is only half an arcmin to the southwest of the NGC position, and being a double star might have appeared somewhat nebulous to Bigourdan; but in the absence of any further information, no matter how reasonable that might seem it would be impossible to prove it correct. Fortunately, per Corwin, if Bigourdan's original measurements are used instead of the NGC position, they point exactly to that star; so the most reasonable assumption is also the most likely to be correct, and the identification given above is essentially certain. However, as is common in such situations, other suggestions have been made, and as a result a galaxy to the east of Bigourdan's position (PGC 4021) is often misidentified as NGC 390.
SDSS image of region near the star listed as NGC 390, also showing NGC 383, NGC 386, NGC 387, and PGC 4021, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 390
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 390
Also shown are NGC 383, 386 and 387, and PGC 4021

PGC 4021 (not =
NGC 390)
Not an NGC object, but listed here since sometimes misidentified as NGC 390
A magnitude 15 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 13.0, Dec +32 27 13)
Historical Misidentification: See NGC 390 for a discussion of the misidentification of this galaxy as an NGC object.
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.5 by 0.25 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 4021, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 390; also shown is the star actually listed as NGC 390
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on PGC 4021, also showing NGC 390
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 4021, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 390

NGC 391 (= PGC 3976)
Discovered (Jan 8, 1853) by
George Bond
Perhaps also observed (date?) by Arthur von Auwers
A magnitude 14.5 lenticular galaxy (type (R')E/SA0?) in Cetus (RA 01 07 22.6, Dec +00 55 34)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 391 (= GC 211, Bond, 1853 (#3, HN8), 1860 RA 01 00 14, NPD 89 48.9) is "faint, small, mottled but not resolved (Auwers 9)".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.9 by 0.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 391
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 391
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 391

NGC 392 (= PGC 4042)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.7 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 23.5, Dec +33 08 01)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 392 (= GC 212 = JH 87 = WH II 218, 1860 RA 01 00 40, NPD 57 36.9) is "faint, very small, round, much brighter middle, between 2 stars".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.2 by 0.9 arcmin? Probably paired with NGC 394.
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 392 and lenticular galaxy NGC 394, also showing NGC 397
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 392, also showing NGC 394 and 397
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 392 and 394
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 392 and lenticular galaxy NGC 394

NGC 393 (= PGC 4061)
Discovered (Oct 5, 1784) by
William Herschel
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Andromeda (RA 01 08 36.9, Dec +39 38 39)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 393 (= GC 214 = JH 88 = WH I 54, 1860 RA 01 00 44, NPD 51 06.2) is "faint, very small, very little extended, gradually brighter middle, four small (faint) stars near".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.7 by 1.4 arcmin?
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 393, also showing NGC 389
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 393, also showing NGC 389
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 393

NGC 394 (= PGC 4049)
Discovered (Oct 26, 1854) by
R. J. Mitchell
Also observed (date?) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 13.8 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 26.0, Dec +33 08 53)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 394 (= GC 215 = GC 213, d'Arrest, 3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 01 00 44, NPD 57 36.2) is "faint, small, 50 arcsec northeast of II 218", II 218 being NGC 392.
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case R. J. Mitchell.
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin? Probably paired with NGC 392 (which see for images).

NGC 395 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Aug 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Also observed (date?) by John Herschel
Also observed (date?) by DeLisle Stewart
An open cluster and emission nebula in Tucana (RA 01 05 07.0, Dec -71 59 30)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 395 (= GC 216 = JH 2379, (Dunlop 34, 35), 1860 RA 01 00 46, NPD 162 44.6) is "very faint, pretty large, round, gradually a little brighter middle". The second Index Catalog adds "Group of about 10 stars, no nebulosity (per DeLisle Stewart)". The position precesses to RA 01 05 16.6, Dec -71 59 34, on the eastern edge of the cluster, so the identification is certain.
Discovery Notes: At the time Dreyer prepared the NGC none of Dunlop's observations were thought to refer to this object, but it is now believed that two of them probably did, hence the addition of credit (in parentheses) for his presumed discovery.
Physical Information: Apparent size 4 arcmin?
DSS image of region near NGC 395, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud, also showing part of NGC 371
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 395, also showing part of NGC 371
Below, a 7 arcmin wide image of the object (Image Credit unknown; credit to be posted or image replaced ASAP)
Image of NGC 395, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 396 (= PGC 99944)
Discovered (Oct 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A magnitude 15.7 lenticular galaxy (type SB0/a pec?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 08.4, Dec +04 31 51)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 396 (= GC 5150, Marth #35, 1860 RA 01 00 49, NPD 86 13) is "extremely faint, small, a little extended". The position precesses to RA 01 08 03.0, Dec +04 31 57, a few seconds west of a faint galaxy and an equally faint star. Given the description, it seems most likely that the galaxy is the object Marth saw, as per Corwin, Marth could have seen it with the 48" telescope he was using; so the identification seems reasonably certain, and as far as I can tell has been universally accepted. (Note: A Wikisky search for NGC 396 shows the correct object, but without any label.)
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.4 by 0.3 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 396
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 396
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 396

NGC 397 (= PGC 4051)
Discovered (Dec 6, 1866) by
Robert Ball
A magnitude 14.8 elliptical galaxy (type E?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 31.0, Dec +33 06 33)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 397 (= GC 5151, Ball using Lord Rosse's 72-inch telescope, 1860 RA 01 00 52, NPD 57 38.2) is "extremely faint, small, round, very faint star to west".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.7 by 0.5 arcmin? A possible companion of NGC 392 and 394.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 397, also showing NGC 392 and NGC 394
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 397, also showing NGC 392 and 394
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 397

NGC 398 (= PGC 4090)
Discovered (Oct 28, 1886) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A magnitude 14.5 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 53.7, Dec +32 30 52)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 398 (Bigourdan (list I #10), 1860 RA 01 01 12, NPD 58 14) is "very faint, very small, stellar".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.8 by 0.5 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 398
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 398
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 398

NGC 399 (= PGC 4096)
Discovered (Oct 7, 1874) by
Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A magnitude 13.5 lenticular galaxy (type (R)SB0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 08 59.2, Dec +32 38 03)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 399 (= GC 5152, 4th Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 01 01 14, NPD 58 06.9) is "very faint, small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.9 by 0.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 399
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 399
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 399
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 300 - 349) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 350 - 399     → (NGC 400 - 449)