Celestial Atlas
(NGC 350 - 399) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 400 - 449     → (NGC 450 - 499)
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Page last updated Sep 14, 2013
WORKING: Confirm positions/historical IDs (Corwin+)

NGC 400
Recorded (Dec 30, 1866) by
Robert Ball
A magnitude 15.3 star in Pisces (RA 01 09 02.5, Dec +32 43 59)
(See NGC 403 for an image of the region.)

NGC 401
Recorded (Dec 30, 1866) by
Robert Ball
A magnitude 15.4 star in Pisces (RA 01 09 07.7, Dec +32 45 36)
(See NGC 403 for an image of the region.)

NGC 402
Recorded (Oct 7, 1874) by
Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A magnitude 15.5 star in Pisces (RA 01 09 13.4, Dec +32 48 21)
(See NGC 403 for an image of the region.)

NGC 403 (= PGC 4111)
Discovered (Aug 29, 1862) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 12.5 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 09 14.2, Dec +32 45 06)
Apparent size 1.8 by 0.6 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 403, also showing the star listed as NGC 401
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 403, also showing NGC 401
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 400, 401 and 402
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 403, also showing the stars listed as NGC 400, NGC 401 and NGC 402

NGC 404 (= PGC 4126), Mirach's Ghost
Discovered (Sep 13, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 10.3 lenticular galaxy (type E/SA0?(s)) in Andromeda (RA 01 09 26.9, Dec +35 43 06)
Per Dreyer, NGC 404 (= John Herschel's GC 218, 1860 RA 01 01 39, NPD 55 01.9) is "pretty bright, extremely large, round, gradually brighter middle, southeast of β Andromedae". The position precesses to RA 01 09 26.7, Dec +35 42 59, within 0.1 arcmin of the galaxy's center, so the identification is certain. NGC 404 has a radial velocity of -50 km/sec, so it is approaching us instead of going away from us, as practically all other galaxies are. This means that it is too close for the expansion of the Universe to significantly affect its radial velocity, and its distance must be determined with redshift-independent methods. Those are difficult to make because it is so close to Mirach (β Andromedae), a 2nd-magnitude red giant only 200 light years from the Sun, that the glare from the star makes it difficult to even see the galaxy with most telescopes (hence its name, Mirach's Ghost). Still, half a dozen estimates give results ranging from 8 to 11 million light years, meaning it is close to our Local Group, although almost certainly too far away to be gravitationally bound to the Group (as a result, NED lists it as an "isolated galaxy"). The best estimate of its distance is from measurements of the brightness of its red giants (stars not much more massive than the Sun, which are at the end of their lives). Given the resulting distance of about 10 million light years and an apparent size of 3.5 by 3.5 arcmin, the galaxy is about 10 thousand light years across, meaning it is a "dwarf" galaxy, more like the smallest companion of the Andromeda Galaxy than the much larger galaxies that dominate our Local Group (namely, our Milky Way galaxy and the Andromeda Galaxy). Most lenticular galaxies have little dust or gas, and consist almost entirely of old, faint stars (the brighter stars having died billions of years ago); but the GALEX ultraviolet image at bottom shows a 30 thousand light year wide ring of hot, bright young stars surrounding the central galaxy, probably due to a collision with another galaxy. Previous studies had revealed the existence of a large ring of hydrogen gas surrounding NGC 404 which was tentatively attributed to a collision with an even smaller galaxy the best part of a billion years ago. It now appears that the gas compressed by the gravitational shock of the encounter has led to the formation of new associations and clusters of stars, many hot and bright enough to give off considerable amounts of ultraviolet radiation. So what had been thought to be a rather ordinary galaxy has turned out to be a very interesting one.
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 404, also known as Mirach's Ghost
Above, a 3.6 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 404
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 404, also known as Mirach's Ghost
Below, a HST view of the core of the galaxy reveals dusty filaments (Credits: Hubble Legacy Archive)
HST image of lenticular galaxy NGC 404, also known as Mirach's Ghost
Below, a 12 arcmin wide ultraviolet image of the galaxy (Image Credits: GALEX/JPL-Caltech/DSS/NASA)
Mirach appears faint in this image because it is a cool (red giant) star, and gives off little UV radiation
GALEX UV image of lenticular galaxy NGC 404, also known as Mirach's Ghost

NGC 405 (= HD 6869)
Recorded (Sep 6, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 7.1 star in Phoenix (RA 01 08 33.6, Dec -46 40 06)
DSS image of region near HD 6869, the star listed as NGC 405
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the star listed as NGC 405

NGC 406 (= PGC 3980)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy (type SA(s)c) in Tucana (RA 01 07 24.4, Dec -69 52 34)
Per Dreyer, NGC 406 (= John Herschel's GC 220, 1860 RA 01 02 40, NPD 160 37.5) is "faint, very large, round, very gradually a little brighter middle". However, the second Index Catalog notes (per Delisle Stewart) "not round; bi-nuclear with extremely extended wisps through it at 165 degrees". Apparent size 2.6 by 1.0 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 406
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 406
Below, a more detailed view of most of the galaxy (Image Credits: ESA/Hubble/NASA)
HST image of spiral galaxy NGC 406
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 406

NGC 407 (= PGC 4190)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A 13th-magnitude 13.4 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 10 36.5, Dec +33 07 35)
Apparent size 1.8 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 407
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 407
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 408 and 410
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 407, also showing NGC 410 and the star listed as NGC 408

NGC 408
Recorded (Oct 22, 1867) by
Herman Schultz (Nova III)
A magnitude 14.5 star in Pisces (RA 01 10 51.0, Dec +33 09 08)
(See NGC 407 or 410 for an image.)

NGC 409 (= PGC 4132)
Discovered (Nov 29, 1837) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Sculptor (RA 01 09 33.2, Dec -35 48 20)
Apparent size 1.3 by 1.1 arcmin?
DSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 409
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 409
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 409

NGC 410 (= PGC 4224)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 11.5 elliptical galaxy (type E4?) in Pisces (RA 01 10 58.8, Dec +33 09 09)
Apparent size 2.4 by 1.3 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 410 and the star listed as NGC 408
Above, a 4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 410 and 408
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 407, 408 and 414
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 410, also showing NGC 407, NGC 414, and the star listed as NGC 408

NGC 411 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (1826) by
James Dunlop (57)
A magnitude 12.2 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 07 55.7, Dec -71 46 07)
Per Dreyer, NGC 411 (= GC 224 = JH 2384, 1860 RA 01 03 28, NPD 162 30.7) is "extremely faint, pretty large, round, gradually very little brighter middle". The second Index Catalog adds (per Delisle Stewart) "not extremely faint, but considerably bright, small, round, stellar". The position precesses to RA 01 07 54.3, Dec -71 45 49, right on the cluster, so despite descriptions that sound like different objects, the identity is certain. Due to its distance, the cluster looks very small (only 1.3(?) arcmin across).
DSS image of NGC 411, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 411
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the cluster
DSS image of region near NGC 411, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 412
Recorded (Oct 15, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth
A lost or nonexistent object in Cetus (RA 01 10 20.3, Dec -20 00 54)
Per Dreyer, NGC 412 (Leavenworth list I (#26), 1860 RA 01 03 30, NPD 110 45.7) is "very faint, extremely small, round, suddenly bright middle and nucleus (nebulosity questionable?)". The position precesses to RA 01 10 20.3, Dec -20 00 54 (whence the position above), but there is nothing there. Leavenworth made a sketch of the area, but it shows only a single star, 5 arcmin southwest of his "nebula", and per Corwin, no nebulous object exists anywhere in the region with a star in the correct relative position. To make matters worse, Leavenworth's statement that the object's nebulosity was questionable means the sketch could simply represent any two stars with that relative position, and the errors for other objects observed on the same night are so large that finding what Leavenworth observed is probably a hopeless task. That doesn't mean no effort has been made to identify the object; Corwin made a lengthy search, but was unable to identify anything that might be NGC 412. So it seems almost certain the object will remain "lost". However, see PGC 3931, immediately following.
DSS image of region centered on Leavenworth's position for the apparently nonexistent NGC 412
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on Leavenworth's position for NGC 412

PGC 3931 (=
NGC 377, and not = NGC 412)
Listed here since sometimes misidentified as NGC 412
A magnitude 15.1 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Cetus (RA 01 06 35.1, Dec -20 19 53)
As discussed in the entry for NGC 412, that object is almost certainly lost or nonexistent. However, as noted by Corwin in his lengthy discussion of the matter, the ESO catalog incorrectly assigned that NGC listing to PGC 3931. As can be seen in the wide-field image for NGC 377 (which see for anything else), there is no reasonably bright star anywhere to the southwest of PGC 3931, so it does not match Leavenworth's sketch for NGC 412 and cannot be that object.

NGC 413 (= PGC 4347)
Discovered (1886) by
Francis Leavenworth (II-301)
A magnitude 14.1 spiral galaxy (type SB(r)c) in Cetus (RA 01 12 31.3, Dec -02 47 36)
Apparent size 1.2 by 0.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 413
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 413
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 413

NGC 414 (= PGC 4254 + PGC 93079)
Discovered (Oct 22, 1867) by
Herman Schultz (Nova IV)
A pair of galaxies in Pisces
PGC 4254 = A magnitude 13.4 lenticular galaxy (type S0 pec?) at RA 01 11 17.5, Dec +33 06 49
PGC 93079 = A magnitude 14? lenticular galaxy (type E/S0 pec?) at RA 01 11 17.9, Dec +33 06 43
Apparent size of PGC 4254 is about 0.75 by 0.35 arcmin? of PGC 93079, about 0.45 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxies PGC 4254 and PGC 93079, which comprise NGC 414
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the pair of galaxies listed as NGC 414
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair, also showing NGC 408 and 410
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxies PGC 4254 and PGC 93079, which comprise NGC 414, also showing NGC 410 and the star listed as NGC 40

NGC 415 (= PGC 4161)
Discovered (Sep 1, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.4 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)b) in Sculptor (RA 01 10 05.5, Dec -35 29 25)
Apparent size 1.5 by 0.8 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 415
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 415
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 415

NGC 416 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Sep 5, 1826) by
James Dunlop (30, 42?)
A magnitude 12.6 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 07 58.5, Dec -72 21 25)
Apparent size 1.2 arcmin? Although its shape and richness suggest that NGC 416 might be a globular cluster, its Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram shows that it is only about 2.5 billion years old, so it is merely an extremely rich open cluster (in fact, one of the richest and brightest in the Small Magellanic Cloud).
DSS image of NGC 416, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 416
Below, the same region in far more detail (Image Credits: Hubble Legacy Archive)
HST image of NGC 416, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near NGC 416, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 417 (= PGC 4237)
Discovered (1886) by
Francis Leavenworth (II-300)
A magnitude 14.0 lenticular galaxy (type E/SAB0?) in Cetus (RA 01 11 05.5, Dec -18 08 55)
The second Index Catalog lists a corrected 1860 RA (per Howe) of 01 04 13. Apparent size 0.6 by 0.5 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 417
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 417
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 417

NGC 418 (= PGC 4189)
Discovered (Sep 28, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.6 spiral galaxy (type SB(s)c) in Sculptor (RA 01 10 35.6, Dec -30 13 16)
Apparent size 2.0 by 1.7 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 418
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 418
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 418

NGC 419 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1826) by
James Dunlop (38, 39, 44)
A magnitude 11.2 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 08 17.2, Dec -72 53 00)
Apparent size 2.4 arcmin? Like NGC 416, an exceptionally rich cluster with a very young age (only about 1.2 billion years), so not a globular.
DSS image of NGC 419, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 3 arcmin wide image of NGC 419
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the cluster (Image Credits: Hubble Legacy Archive)
HST image of NGC 419, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near NGC 419, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 420 (= PGC 4320)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.1 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 12 09.6, Dec +32 07 23)
Apparent size 2.0 by 1.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 420
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 420
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 420

NGC 421
Recorded (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A lost or nonexistent object in Pisces (RA 01 12 09.3, Dec +32 08 42)
Per Dreyer, NGC 421 (= GC 230 = WH III 155, 1860 RA 01 04 25±, NPD 58 36±) is "extremely faint, very small (only seen by William Herschel)". The position precesses to RA 01 12 09.3, Dec +32 08 42 (whence the position above), but there is nothing there save for NGC 420, which should lie (ignoring the uncertainty in position suggested by the ± signs) exactly 1.4 arcmin to the south. Herschel observed his III 154 and 155 on the same night, describing them as "Two. Both extremely faint, very small. The following is the largest." As noted by Corwin, since NGC 420 is the only object actually in the area, it is presumably "the largest", and should have been listed as NGC 421 instead of NGC 420. However, more than a hundred years of tradition argues against such a reassignment of the identification, so the question becomes which star or group of stars to the west of NGC 420 should be listed as NGC 421; and in the absence of any good position for or obvious choice of an object, it seems best to agree with Corwin's conclusion that NGC 421 is "Not found".
SDSS image of region near NGC 420, indicating the NGC position for the apparently nonexistent NGC 421
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region showing NGC 420 and the NGC position for NGC 421

NGC 422 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Sep 21, 1835) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.4 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 09 25.4, Dec -71 46 00)
The second Index Catalog notes (per Delisle Stewart) "only 3 extremely faint stars, close together, not a nebula". Due east of NGC 411. (Apparent size?)
DSS image of NGC 422, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 422
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the cluster
DSS image of region near NGC 422, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region between NGC 422 and 411, showing their relative positions
DSS image of region between NGC 411 and NGC 422, open clusters in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 423 (= PGC 4266)
Discovered (Nov 14, 1835) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.5 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a? pec) in Sculptor (RA 01 11 22.1, Dec -29 14 04)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.4 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 423
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 423
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 423

NGC 424 (= PGC 4274)
Discovered (Nov 30, 1837) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 lenticular galaxy (type (R)SB0/a?(r)) in Sculptor (RA 01 11 27.6, Dec -38 05 01)
Apparent size 2.3 by 0.8 arcmin? A Seyfert galaxy (type Sy 1h).
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 424
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 424
Below, a detail of part of the galaxy (Image Credits: Hubble Legacy Archive)
'Raw' HST image of part of lenticular galaxy NGC 424
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 424

NGC 425 (= PGC 4379)
Discovered (Oct 29, 1866) by
Truman Safford (Safford 62)
A magnitude 12.7 spiral galaxy (type Sc pec?) in Andromeda (RA 01 13 02.7, Dec +38 46 09)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.8 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 425
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 425
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 425

NGC 426 (= PGC 4363)
Discovered (Dec 20, 1786) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 elliptical galaxy (type E3 pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 12 48.5, Dec -00 17 23)
Apparent size 1.4 by 1.0 arcmin? A Seyfert galaxy (type Sy 2).
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 426
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 426
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 429 and 430
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 426, also showing NGC 429 and NGC 430

NGC 427 (= PGC 4333)
Discovered (Sep 25, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 14.0 spiral galaxy (type (R)SB(r)a) in Sculptor (RA 01 12 19.2, Dec -32 03 40)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.6 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 427
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 427
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 427

NGC 428 (= PGC 4367)
Discovered (Dec 20, 1786) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 11.5 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)m) in Cetus (RA 01 12 55.6, Dec +00 58 53)
Apparent size 4.0 by 2.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 428
Above, a 5 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 428
Below, a HST image overlaid on the one above (Image Credits: Hubble Legacy Archive)
HST image of central portion of spiral galaxy NGC 428 overlaid on an SDSS background to fill in missing areas
Below, another view of the region above (Image Credits: Rex Wilcox/Adam Block/NOAO/AURA/NSF)
NOAO image of spiral galaxy NGC 428
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy (Image Credits as for NOAO image above)
Composite of NOAO and SDSS images of region near spiral galaxy NGC 428, partially replaced with a DSS image to remove glare from the 9th-magnitude star at the top

NGC 429 (= PGC 4368)
Discovered (Dec 20, 1786) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.4 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Cetus (RA 01 12 57.4, Dec -00 20 42)
Apparent size 1.4 by 0.3 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 429
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 429
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 426 and 430
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 429, also showing NGC 426 and NGC 430

NGC 430 (= PGC 4376)
Discovered (Oct 1, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Cetus (RA 01 12 59.9, Dec -00 15 09)
Apparent size 1.3 by 1.1 arcmin?
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 430
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 430
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 426 and 429
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 430, also showing NGC 426 and NGC 429

NGC 431 (= PGC 4437)
Discovered (Nov 22, 1827) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Andromeda (RA 01 14 04.6, Dec +33 42 19)
Apparent size 1.4 by 0.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 431
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 431
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 431

NGC 432 (= PGC 4290)
Discovered (Oct 6, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Tucana (RA 01 11 46.3, Dec -61 31 39)
Apparent size 1.3 by 1.2 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 432
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 432
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 432

NGC 433 (= OCL 319)
Discovered (Sep 29, 1829) by
John Herschel
An open cluster (type III2p) in Cassiopeia (RA 01 15 09.2, Dec +60 07 33)
Apparent size 4.0 arcmin?
DSS image of open cluster NGC 433
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 433

NGC 434 (= PGC 4325)
Discovered (Oct 28, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.0 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)ab) in Tucana (RA 01 12 14.3, Dec -58 14 50)
Apparent size 2.2 by 1.2 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 434
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 434
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 440 and PGC 4344
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 434, also showing NGC 440 and PGC 4344, which is sometimes called NGC 434A

PGC 4344 (= "NGC 434A")
Not an NGC object but sometimes called NGC 434A due to its proximity to
NGC 434
A magnitude 14.9 lenticular galaxy (type SB0/a(s) pec) in Tucana (RA 01 12 30.2, Dec -58 12 28)
Apparent size 1.2 by 0.3 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 4344, also known as NGC 434A
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 4344; see NGC 434 for a wide-field image

NGC 435 (= PGC 4434)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1864) by
Albert Marth (#36)
A magnitude 14.2 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)cd?) in Cetus (RA 01 13 59.8, Dec +02 04 16)
Apparent size 1.1 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 435
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 435
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 435, partially replaced by a DSS image to remove glare from the 9th-magnitude star near the bottom

NGC 436 (= OCL 320)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1787) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 8.8 open cluster (type I3m) in Cassiopeia (RA 01 15 58.0, Dec +58 48 42)
Apparent size 5.0 arcmin?
DSS image of region near open cluster NGC 436
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 436

NGC 437 (= PGC 4464)
Discovered (Oct 22, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (5-11)
A magnitude 12.8 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a) in Pisces (RA 01 14 22.3, Dec +05 55 35)
Apparent size 1.3 by 1.0 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 437
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 437
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 437

NGC 438 (= PGC 4406)
Discovered (Sep 1, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.8 spiral galaxy (type (R')SAB(s)b) in Sculptor (RA 01 13 34.3, Dec -37 54 05)
Apparent size 1.4 by 1.1 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 438
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 438
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
The diffraction lines at right are caused by 6th-magnitude HD 7312
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 438

NGC 439 (= PGC 4423)
Discovered (Sep 27, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 11.5 lenticular galaxy (type E/SAB0(rs)?) in Sculptor (RA 01 13 47.2, Dec -31 44 50)
Apparent size 2.5 by 1.5 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 439
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 439
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 441
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 439, also showing NGC 441

NGC 440 (= PGC 4361)
Discovered (Sep 27, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.2 spiral galaxy (type SA(s)bc pec) in Tucana (RA 01 12 48.4, Dec -58 16 58)
Apparent size 1.2 by 0.7 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 440
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 440
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 434 and PGC 4344
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 440, also showing NGC 434 and PGC 4344, otherwise known as NGC 434A

NGC 441 (= PGC 4429)
Discovered (Sep 27, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.7 lenticular galaxy (type (R')SB0/a?(rs)) in Sculptor (RA 01 13 51.1, Dec -31 47 20)
Apparent size 1.4 by 1.1 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 441
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 441 (see NGC 439 for a wide-field image)

NGC 442 (= PGC 4484)
Discovered (Oct 21, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (5-12)
A magnitude 13.4 spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Cetus (RA 01 14 38.6, Dec -01 01 14)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.5 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 442
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 442)
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy (the bright star is 6th magnitude 38 Ceti)
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 442

NGC 443 (=
IC 1653 = PGC 4512)
Discovered (Oct 8, 1861) by Heinrich d'Arrest (and later listed as NGC 443)
Discovered (Oct 17, 1903) by Stephane Javelle (and later listed as IC 1653)
A magnitude 13.1 lenticular galaxy (type S0/(r)a?) in Pisces (RA 01 15 07.5, Dec +33 22 40)
Apparent size 0.8 by 0.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 443
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 443
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 443

NGC 444 (=
IC 1658 = PGC 4561)
Discovered (Oct 26, 1854) by R. J. Mitchell (and later listed as NGC 444)
Discovered (Oct 17, 1903) by Stephane Javelle (and later listed as IC 1658)
A magnitude 14.3 spiral galaxy (type Scd?) in Pisces (RA 01 15 49.6, Dec +31 04 50)
Apparent size 1.9 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 444
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 444
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 452
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 444, also showing NGC 452

NGC 445 (= PGC 4493)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1864) by
Albert Marth (#37)
A magnitude 14.2 lenticular galaxy (type S0 pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 14 52.6, Dec +01 55 03)
Apparent size 0.5 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 445
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 445
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 445

NGC 446 (=
IC 89 = PGC 4578)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1864) by Albert Marth (#38) (and later listed as NGC 446)
Discovered (Aug 20, 1892) by Stephane Javelle (and later listed as IC 89)
A magnitude 12.4 lenticular galaxy (type (R)SAB0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 16 03.7, Dec +04 17 40)
(See IC 89 for a discussion of the double identification.) Based on a recessional velocity of 5445 km/sec, NGC 446 is about 255 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 2.0 by 1.6 arcmin, it is about 145 thousand light years across. Note: A Wikisky search for IC 89 shows the correct galaxy; but a search for NGC 446 shows PGC 4494, which is not an NGC/IC object.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 446
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 446
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 446

PGC 4494 (not =
NGC 446)
Not an NGC object, but listed here because sometimes misidentified as NGC 446
A magnitude 15 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Pisces (RA 01 14 48.0, Dec +04 11 22)
Based on a recessional velocity of 5455 km/sec, PGC 4494 is about 255 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.3 by 0.2 arcmins, it is about 95 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 4494, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 446
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 4494
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 4494, which is sometimes misidentified as NGC 446

NGC 447 (=
IC 1656 = PGC 4550)
Discovered (Oct 8, 1861) by Heinrich d'Arrest (and later listed as NGC 447)
Discovered (1890's?) by Edward Barnard (and later listed as IC 1656)
A magnitude 14.0 spiral galaxy (type (R)SB(rs)0/a) in Pisces (RA 01 15 37.9, Dec +33 03 59)
Apparent size 2.2 by 2.2 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 447
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 447
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing part of NGC 449
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 447, also showing part of NGC 449

NGC 448 (= PGC 4524)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (4-5)
A magnitude 12.1 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Cetus (RA 01 15 16.5, Dec -01 37 31)
Apparent size 1.6 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 448
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 448
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 448

NGC 449 (= PGC 4587)
Discovered (Nov 11, 1881) by
Édouard Stephan (12-11)
A magnitude 14.2 spiral galaxy (type (R')Sb?) in Pisces (RA 01 16 07.5, Dec +33 05 20)
Apparent size 0.8 by 0.5 arcmin? A Seyfert galaxy (type Sy 2).
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 449
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 449, with some glare from 6th-magnitude star HD 7578
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 451, 453, and part of NGC 447
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 449, also showing NGC 451, part of NGC 447, and the three stars listed as NGC 453
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 350 - 399) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 400 - 449     → (NGC 450 - 499)