Celestial Atlas
(NGC 400 - 449) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 450 - 499     → (NGC 500 - 549)
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Page last updated Mar 18, 2014
WORKING: Check positions, historical IDs (Corwin+)

NGC 450 (= PGC 4540)
Discovered (Oct 1, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 11.8 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)cd) in Cetus (RA 01 15 30.4, Dec -00 51 41)
Based on a recessional velocity of 1760 km/sec, NGC 450 is about 80 million light years away, in reasonable agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 60 to 75 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 3.0 by 2.4 arcmin, it is about 70 thousand light years across. Since NGC 450 is more than six times closer than PGC 4545, the pair is merely an optical double.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 450 and its far more distant apparent companion, spiral galaxy PGC 4545
Above, a 3.6 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 450 and its apparent companion, PGC 4545
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 450

PGC 4545
Listed here because an apparent companion of
NGC 450
A 15th magnitude spiral galaxy (type S) in Cetus (RA 01 15 35.0, Dec -00 50 52)
Based on a recessional velocity of 11430 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 4545 is about 530 million light years away. But for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 510 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it left the galaxy, about 520 million years ago (the difference between the numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of 1.1 by 0.5 arcmin, PGC 4545 is about 160 thousand light years across. Since it is more than six times more distant than NGC 450 (which see for images), the pair is merely an optical double.

NGC 451 (=
IC 1661 = PGC 4594)
Discovered (Nov 10, 1881) by Édouard Stephan (12-12) (and later listed as NGC 451)
Discovered (1890's?) by Edward Barnard (and later listed as IC 1661)
A magnitude 14.0 spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Pisces (RA 01 16 12.4, Dec +33 03 49)
Apparent size 0.7 by 0.5 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 451
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 451, with some glare from 6th magnitude star HD 7578
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 449 and 453
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 451, also showing NGC 449 and the three stars listed as NGC 453

NGC 452 (= PGC 4596)
Discovered (Nov 22, 1827) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy (type SBab?) in Pisces (RA 01 16 15.0, Dec +31 02 00)
Apparent size 2.5 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 452
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 452
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 444
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 452, also showing NGC 444

NGC 453
Recorded (Nov 10, 1881) by
Édouard Stephan (12-13)
Three stars in Pisces (RA 01 16 17.3, Dec +33 00 53)
See NGC 451 for an image of the triplet.

NGC 454 (= PGC 4461 + PGC 4468)
Discovered (Oct 5, 1834) by
John Herschel
A pair of interacting galaxies in Phoenix
PGC 4461 = A magnitude 12.8 irregular galaxy (type Irr pec?) at RA 01 14 22.0, Dec -55 24 02
PGC 4468 = A magnitude 12.3 lenticular galaxy (type S0 pec?) at RA 01 14 24.9, Dec -55 23 50
NGC 454 is a pair of colliding galaxies. Based on a recessional velocity of 3630 km/sec, the pair is about 170 million light years away. Given that, the 1.7 by 1.5 arcmin apparent size of irregular galaxy PGC 4461 corresponds to 85 thousand light years' extent, and the 1.0 by 0.5 arcmin apparent size of lenticular galaxy PGC 4468 corresponds to 50 thousand light years' extent.
DSS image of irregular galaxy PGC 4461 and lenticular galaxy PGC 4468, which comprise NGC 454
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide view of NGC 454
Below, a closeup of the pair (Credit: NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/M. Stiavelli (STScI))
(This image only shows the upper portion of the irregular galaxy, which extends well to the south)
HST image of interacting galaxy pair NGC 454
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair
DSS image of image of region near interacting galaxy pair NGC 454

NGC 455 (= PGC 4572 =
Arp 164)
Discovered (Oct 27, 1864) by Albert Marth (#39)
A magnitude 12.7 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a? pec) in Pisces (RA 01 15 57.6, Dec +05 10 42)
Apparent size 2.0 by 1.2 arcmin? Used by the Arp Atlas as an example of a galaxy with diffuse filaments.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 455, also known as Arp 164
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 455
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 455, also known as Arp 164

NGC 456 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Aug 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop (7, 10)
An open cluster and emission nebula in Tucana (RA 01 13 46.0, Dec -73 17 30)
Apparent size 15 by 15 arcmin(??)
DSS image of NGC 456, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud, also showing NGC 460
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 456, also showing NGC 460
Below, another view of the same region
(Image Credits: F. Winkler/Middlebury College, MCELS Team, NOAO/AURA/NSF)
NOAO image of NGC 456, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud, also showing NGC 460
Below, a 30 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 456, also showing NGC 460 (Image Credits as above)
NOAO image of region near NGC 456, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud, also showing NGC 460

NGC 457 (= OCL 321)
Discovered (Oct 18, 1787) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 6.4 open cluster (type I3r) in Cassiopeia (RA 01 19 33.0, Dec +58 17 42)
Apparent size 20 arcmin?
DSS image of region near open cluster NGC 457
Above, a 24 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 457

NGC 458 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Sep 6, 1826) by
James Dunlop (60)
A magnitude 10 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 14 51.6, Dec -71 33 04)
The second Index Catalog notes "probably a cluster, extremely small, close, no nebulosity seen by D.S. (Delisle Stewart)". Apparent size 1.5 arcmin?
DSS image of NGC 458, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 458
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the cluster
DSS image of region near NGC 458, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud

NGC 459 (= PGC 4665)
Discovered (Oct 15, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 14.4 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Pisces (RA 01 18 08.2, Dec +17 33 45)
Apparent size 0.7 by 0.6 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 459
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 459
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 459

NGC 460 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Possibly observed (Aug 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop (D 8, 10?)
Discovered (Apr 11, 1834) by John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 open cluster and emission nebula in Tucana (RA 01 14 38.0, Dec -73 17 30)
Apparent size 1.0 arcmin?
DSS image of NGC 460, an open cluster and emission nebula in the Small Magellanic Cloud, also showing NGC 456
Above, a 12 arcmin region centered on NGC 460, also showing NGC 456, which see for other views

NGC 461 (= PGC 4636)
Discovered (Sep 25, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)c) in Sculptor (RA 01 17 20.3, Dec -33 50 28)
Apparent size 1.2 by 0.9 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 461
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 461
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 461

NGC 462 (= PGC 4667)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1864) by
Albert Marth (#40)
A magnitude 14.7 elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Pisces (RA 01 18 10.9, Dec +04 13 35)
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 462
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 462
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 462

NGC 463 (= PGC 4719)
Discovered (Dec 16, 1871) by
Édouard Stephan (3-1)
A magnitude 14.1 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a? pec) in Pisces (RA 01 18 58.2, Dec +16 19 31)
Apparently interacting with a smaller companion (seen on the northeastern edge of the galaxy). Apparent size 1.0 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 463
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 463
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 463

NGC 464
Recorded (1882) by
Wilhelm Tempel (V)
A pair of stars in Andromeda (RA 01 19 26.6, Dec +34 57 21)
DSS image of region near the double star listed as NGC 464
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 464

NGC 465 (in the Small Magellanic Cloud)
Discovered (Aug 1, 1826) by
James Dunlop (8, 12)
A magnitude 11.5 open cluster in Tucana (RA 01 15 42.7, Dec -73 19 27)
The second Index Catalog notes (per Delisle Stewart) "Many stars, but no nebulosity, perhaps open cluster". Apparent size 2.0 arcmin?
DSS image of NGC 465, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Above, a 6 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 465
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the cluster, also showing NGC 460
DSS image of region near NGC 465, an open cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud, also showing NGC 460

NGC 466 (= PGC 4632)
Discovered (Oct 3, 1836) by
John Herschel
A magnitude lenticular 12.7 galaxy (type SA0/a(rs)?) in Tucana (RA 01 17 13.5, Dec -58 54 35)
Apparent size 1.7 by 1.5 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 466
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 466
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 466

NGC 467 (= PGC 4736)
Discovered (Oct 8, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 11.8 lenticular galaxy (type SA0(s)? pec) in Pisces (RA 01 19 10.1, Dec +03 18 05)
Apparent size 1.7 by 1.7 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 467
Above, a 4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 467
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 467

NGC 468 (=
IC 92 = PGC 4780)
Discovered (Nov 22, 1827) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 468)
Discovered (Nov 2, 1885) by Guillaume Bigourdan (and later listed as IC 92)
A magnitude 14.3 lenticular galaxy (type SAB0/(rs)a?) in Pisces (RA 01 19 48.4, Dec +32 46 02)
(See IC 92 for a discussion of the double listing.) Based on a recessional velocity of 5060 km/sec, NGC 468 is about 235 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.7 by 0.4(?) arcmin, it is about 50 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 468
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 468
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 468

NGC 469 (= PGC 4753)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1864) by
Albert Marth (41)
A magnitude 14.1 spiral galaxy (type SBd?) in Pisces (RA 01 19 33.0, Dec +14 52 19)
Based on a recessional velocity of 4100 km/sec, NGC 469 is about 190 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.7 by 0.5 arcmins, it is about 40 thousand light years across. Note: PGC 3127780, the apparent companion just north of NGC 469, is over 700 million light years away, so it is merely an optical double.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 469 and an optical companion, lenticular galaxy PGC 3127780
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 469 and its apparent companion, PGC 3127780
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; the bright star is 8th magnitude HD 7981
The wide-field image also shows a distant cluster of galaxies to the east of NGC 469
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 469
Below, a 6 arcmin wide closeup of the galaxy cluster east of NGC 469
SDSS image of galaxy cluster east of spiral galaxy NGC 469
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered between NGC 469, 471 and 475
SDSS image of region centered between NGC 469, NGC 471 and NGC 475

PGC 3127780
Not an NGC object, but listed here because an apparent companion of
NGC 469
A magnitude 17 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 19 33.1, Dec +14 52 35)
Although an apparent companion of NGC 469 (which see for images), PGC 3127780 is nearly four times further away, so it is merely an optical double. Based on a recessional velocity of 16175 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 3127780 is about 750 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 710 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it left it, about 725 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and the galaxy's apparent size of 0.45 by 0.25 arcmin, PGC 3127780 is about 90 thousand light years across.

NGC 470 (= PGC 4777; usually treated as part of
Arp 227)
Discovered (Dec 13, 1784) by William Herschel
A magnitude 11.8 spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)b) in Pisces (RA 01 19 44.8, Dec +03 24 33)
Apparent size 2.9 by 1.7 arcmin? Usually thought of as part of Arp 227, but since that is supposed to be an example of a galaxy with concentric rings, the designation should probably be applied only to NGC 474.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 470, usually thought of as part of Arp 227
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 470; see NGC 474 for other images

NGC 471 (= PGC 4793)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1864) by
Albert Marth (44)
A magnitude 13.3 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 19 59.6, Dec +14 47 09)
Apparent size 1.0 by 0.7 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 471
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 471
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 475
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 471, also showing NGC 475
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered between NGC 469, 471 and 475
SDSS image of region centered between NGC 469, NGC 471, and NGC 475

NGC 472 (= PGC 4833)
Discovered (Aug 29, 1862) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 13.3 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 20 28.9, Dec +32 42 30)
Apparent size 1.3 by 1.1 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 472
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 472
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 472

NGC 473 (= PGC 4785)
Discovered (Oct 15, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 lenticular galaxy (type SAB0/a?(r)) in Pisces (RA 01 19 54.9, Dec +16 32 42)
Apparent size 1.9 by 1.2 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 473
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 473
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; the "bright" star is a 9th magnitude object
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 473

NGC 474 (= PGC 4801, and =
Arp 227)
Discovered (Dec 13, 1784) by William Herschel
A magnitude 11.5 lenticular galaxy (type SA0(s) pec) in Pisces (RA 01 20 06.7, Dec +03 24 58)
Apparent size 7.1 by 6.3 arcmin (the central galaxy is smaller, but has a huge outer ring). Used by the Arp Atlas as an example of a galaxy with concentric rings (usually with NGC 470, but it is not such an example; it just happens to be in the same Arp Atlas image).
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 474 (also known as Arp 227) and its outer rings
Above, a 9 arcmin wide "closeup" of NGC 474
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered between NGC 474 and NGC 470
SDSS image of NGC 474 and NGC 470, which are usually thought of as comprising Arp 227
Below, an 18 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 470 and 474
SDSS image of region near NGC 474 and NGC 470, which are usually thought of as comprising Arp 227

NGC 475 (=
IC 97 = PGC 4796)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1864) by Albert Marth (43) (and later listed as NGC 475)
Discovered (Oct 12, 1888) by Guillaume Bigourdan (and later listed as IC 97)
A magnitude 15.0 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 20 01.9, Dec +14 51 42)
(See IC 97 for a discussion of the double listing.) Based on a recessional velocity of 16115 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that NGC 475 is about 750 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 705 million light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, about 725 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.6 by 0.45 arcmins, the galaxy is about 125 thousand light years cross.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 475
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 475
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 471
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 475, also showing NGC 471
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered between NGC 469, 471 and 475
SDSS image of region centered between NGC 469, NGC 471 and NGC 475

NGC 476 (= PGC 4814)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1864) by
Albert Marth (44)
A magnitude 14.4 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 20 19.8, Dec +16 01 14)
Apparent size 0.5 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 476
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 476
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 476

NGC 477 (= PGC 4915)
Discovered (Oct 18, 1786) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)c) in Andromeda (RA 01 21 20.3, Dec +40 29 19)
Apparent size 1.5 by 0.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 477
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 477
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 477

NGC 478 (= PGC 4803)
Discovered (1886) by
Francis Leavenworth (II-302)
A magnitude 13.9 spiral galaxy (type Sd? pec) in Cetus (RA 01 20 08.9, Dec -22 22 41)
Apparent size 0.9 by 0.7 arcmin? (The irregular region on the northeast side of the galaxy is listed as PGC 815136, presumably based on the idea that it is a smaller galaxy that collided with the larger one; but whether that is true is not made clear by the images below.)
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 478
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 478
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 478, superimposed on a DSS background to fill in missing areas

NGC 479 (= PGC 4905)
Discovered (Oct 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth (45)
A magnitude 13.9 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)bc) in Pisces (RA 01 21 15.7, Dec +03 51 46)
Apparent size 1.1 by 0.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 479
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 479
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 479

NGC 480 (= PGC 4845)
Discovered (1886) by
Francis Leavenworth (II-304)
A magnitude 15.2 spiral galaxy (type SBa?) in Cetus (RA 01 20 34.3, Dec -09 52 49)
Apparent size 0.5 by 0.2 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 480
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 480
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 480

NGC 481 (= PGC 4899)
Discovered (Nov 20, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (6-7)
A magnitude 13.3 lenticular galaxy (type E/SA0(r) pec?) in Cetus (RA 01 21 12.6, Dec -09 12 40)
The second Index Catalog lists a corrected 1860 RA (per Howe) of 01 14 13. Apparent size 1.3 by 0.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 481
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 481
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 481

NGC 482 (= PGC 4823)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1835) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type SAab?) in Phoenix (RA 01 20 20.4, Dec -40 57 58)
Apparent size 2.8 by 0.5 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 482
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 482
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 482

NGC 483 (= PGC 4961)
Discovered (Nov 11, 1827) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.2 lenticular galaxy (type (R)S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 21 56.3, Dec +33 31 14)
Apparent size 0.7 by 0.7 arcmin? Surrounded by a faint ring about 2 arcmin across.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 483, enhanced to show its outer ring
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 483 (enhanced to show its outer ring)
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing IC 1679
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 483, also showing IC 1679

NGC 484 (= PGC 4764)
Discovered (Oct 28, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 11.1 lenticular galaxy (type E/SA0?) in Tucana (RA 01 19 34.8, Dec -58 31 28)
Apparent size 1.9 by 1.4 arcmin?
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 484
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 484
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 484

NGC 485 (= PGC 4921)
Discovered (Jan 8, 1828) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.2 spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Pisces (RA 01 21 27.5, Dec +07 01 05)
Apparent size 1.8 by 0.6 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 485
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 485
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 485

NGC 486 (= PGC 1281966)
Discovered (Dec 6, 1850) by
Bindon Stoney
A magnitude 15.0 elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Pisces (RA 01 21 43.0, Dec +05 20 47)
Apparent size 0.2 by 0.2 arcmin? "Involved" with a star, which probably aided in its detection. (Note: A Wikisky search for NGC 486 incorrectly shows PGC 4975)
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 486
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 486
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 488 and NGC 490
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 486, also showing NGC 488 and NGC 490

NGC 487 (= PGC 4958)
Discovered (Nov 28, 1885) by
Francis Leavenworth (I-27)
A magnitude 13.4 spiral galaxy (type SB(r)a) in Cetus (RA 01 21 55.0, Dec -16 22 12)
The second Index Catalog lists a corrected 1860 RA (per Howe) of 01 15 04. Apparent size 1.1 by 0.7 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 487
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 487
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 487

NGC 488 (= PGC 4946)
Discovered (Dec 13, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 10.3 spiral galaxy (type SA(r)b) in Pisces (RA 01 21 46.6, Dec +05 15 21)
Apparent size 5.4 by 3.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 488
Above, a 6 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 488 (with considerable glare from a nearby star)
Below, a more "natural" image of the same region (Image Credits: Tony Kriz/Adam Block/NOAO/AURA/NSF)NOAO image of spiral galaxy NGC 488
Below, a 12 arcmin wide version of the image above, also showing NGC 486 (Image credits as above)
NOAO image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 488, also showing NGC 486
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 486
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 488, also showing NGC 486
(Note: There is a partial image of the galaxy in the Hubble Legacy Archive.)

NGC 489 (= PGC 4957)
Discovered (Dec 22, 1862) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A magnitude 12.7 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 21 53.8, Dec +09 12 23)
Apparent size 1.7 by 0.4 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 489
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 489
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 489

NGC 490 (= PGC 4973)
Discovered (Dec 6, 1850) by
Bindon Stoney
A magnitude 14.4 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 01 22 02.8, Dec +05 22 04)
Apparent size 0.7 by 0.6 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 490
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 490
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 488 and 492
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 490, also showing NGC 492 and part of NGC 488

NGC 491 (= PGC 4914)
Discovered (Sep 25, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)b) in Sculptor (RA 01 21 20.2, Dec -34 03 49)
Apparent size 1.4 by 1.0 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 491
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 491
Below, a HST closeup of part of the galaxy (Image Credits: Hubble Legacy Archive)
Raw HST image of part of spiral galaxy NGC 491
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 491

PGC 4799 (= PGC 4809 = "NGC 491A")
Not an NGC object but sometimes called NGC 491A since in general area of
NGC 491
A magnitude 13.8 spiral galaxy (type SB(s)dm) in Sculptor (RA 01 20 05.0, Dec -33 54 02)
Apparent size 1.9 by 0.8 arcmin?
DSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 4799, also known as NGC 491A
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 4799
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 4799, also known as NGC 491A

NGC 492 (= PGC 4976 = PGC 1283114)
Discovered (Dec 6, 1850) by
Bindon Stoney
A magnitude 15.6 spiral galaxy (type SABb?) in Pisces (RA 01 22 13.5, Dec +05 25 01)
Apparent size 0.7 by 0.6 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 492 and spiral galaxy PGC 4975 (which is sometimes referred to as NGC 492A and sometimes misidentified as NGC 486)
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 492 and PGC 4975
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on NGC 492, also showing NGC 490
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 492 and spiral galaxy PGC 4975 (which is sometimes referred to as NGC 492A and sometimes misidentified as NGC 486); also shown is NGC 490

PGC 4975 (= "NGC 492A", and not =
NGC 486)
Not an NGC object, but sometimes called NGC 492A, or misidentified as NGC 486
A magnitude 16 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Pisces (RA 01 22 10.6, Dec +05 24 41)
Apparent size 0.35 by 0.35 arcmin? (For images see NGC 492.)

NGC 493 (= PGC 4979)
Discovered (Dec 20, 1786) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)cd) in Cetus (RA 01 22 09.2, Dec +00 56 47)
Apparent size 3.4 by 1.1 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 493
Above, a 3.6 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 493
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 493

NGC 494 (= PGC 5035)
Discovered (Nov 22, 1827) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 spiral galaxy (type Sab) in Pisces (RA 01 22 55.4, Dec +33 10 22)
Apparent size 2.0 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 494
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 494
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 494

NGC 495 (= PGC 5037)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 lenticular galaxy (type (R')SB0/a(s) pec) in Pisces (RA 01 22 56.0, Dec +33 28 15)
Apparent size 1.2 by 0.8 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 495, enhanced to show its faint outer extensions
Above, a 3 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 495 (both images enhanced to show the galaxy's outer extensions)
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 496, 498, 499, 501 and IC 1684
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 495, enhanced to show its faint outer extensions, also showing NGC 496, NGC 498, NGC 499, NGC 501 and IC 1684

NGC 496 (= PGC 5061)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.4 spiral galaxy (type Sbc) in Pisces (RA 01 23 11.6, Dec +33 31 41)
Apparent size 1.6 by 0.9 arcmin?
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 496
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 496
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, also showing NGC 495, 498, 499 and 501
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 496, also showing NGC 495, NGC 498, NGC 499 and NGC 501

NGC 497 (= PGC 4992 =
Arp 8)
Discovered (Nov 6, 1882) by Édouard Stephan (12-14)
A magnitude 13.0 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)bc) in Cetus (RA 01 22 23.9, Dec -00 52 29)
Listed as a member of Abell 194. Based on a recessional velocity of 8140 km/sec, NGC 497 is about 380 million light years away, in reasonable agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 290 to 355 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 2.0 by 0.8 arcmins, it is about 220 thousand light years across. Used by the Arp Atlas as an example of a spiral galaxy with split arms.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 497, also known as Arp 8
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 497
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 497, also known as Arp 8

NGC 498 (= PGC 5059)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1856) by
R. J. Mitchell
A magnitude 14.3 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 23 11.2, Dec +33 29 24)
Apparent size 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin? Note: Wikisky doesn't show a label for the galaxy, but a search for NGC 498 does show the correct object.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 498 and the northern edge of NGC 499
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 498 and part of NGC 499, which see for a wide-field view

NGC 499 (=
IC 1686 = PGC 5060)
Discovered (Sep 12, 1784) by William Herschel (and later listed as NGC 499)
Discovered (Dec 1, 1899) by Stephane Javelle (and later listed as IC 1686)
A magnitude 12.1 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Pisces (RA 01 23 11.5, Dec +33 27 35)
Apparent size 1.7 by 1.3 arcmin?
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 499
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 499
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
(also shown are NGC 495, 496, 498 and 501, and IC 1684)
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 499, also showing NGC 495, NGC 496, NGC 498, NGC 501 and IC 1684
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 400 - 449) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 450 - 499     → (NGC 500 - 549)