Celestial Atlas
(NGC 5150 - 5199) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 5200 - 5249 Link for sharing this page on Facebook     → (NGC 5250 - 5299)
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5200, 5201, 5202, 5203, 5204, 5205, 5206, 5207, 5208, 5209, 5210, 5211, 5212, 5213, 5214, 5215, 5216,
5217, 5218, 5219, 5220, 5221, 5222, 5223, 5224, 5225, 5226, 5227, 5228, 5229, 5230, 5231, 5232, 5233,
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Page last updated Nov 15, 2017
Added physical data (per Steinicke), positions (per Corwin)

NGC 5200 (= "PGC 5067626")
Recorded (Apr 30, 1859) by
Sidney Coolidge (16, HN 18)
A pair of magnitude 12.4 and 14.0(?) stars in Virgo (RA 13 31 42.3, Dec -00 01 49)
Note About The PGC Designation: The Principal Galaxy Catalog is not supposed to include non-galaxian objects and save for blunders did not, in its earlier versions; but in creating the current multi-million entry HyperLEDA database, a decision was apparently made to include all NGC/IC objects, regardless of what they represent. As is typical for non-galaxian objects, a search of the database for NGC 5200 yields an entry correctly stating that it is a double star, and an assigned PGC designation that is in the high millions. However, a search of the database for any PGC designation higher than about 3.5 million does not return a result, and is therefore pointless; so it is shown here as an example of the practice, but in quotes to show that it is a useless number.

NGC 5201 (= PGC 47324)
Discovered (Apr 14, 1789) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.2 spiral galaxy (type S?) in Ursa Major (RA 13 29 16.2, Dec +53 04 55)
SDSS image of NGC 5201
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 5201
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; the star at the top is 7th magnitude HD 117449
SDSS image of region near NGC 5201

NGC 5202 (= PGC 47589 = PGC 1112524)
Discovered (Apr 12, 1864) by
Albert Marth (262)
A magnitude 14.5 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 00.5, Dec -01 41 56)
Corwin lists an apparent companion (PGC 1112505) at RA 13 32 07.4, Dec -01 41 48

NGC 5203 (= PGC 47610)
Discovered (Feb 4, 1786) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.6 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 13.4, Dec -08 47 10)
Corwin lists an apparent companion (not listed in any catalog) at RA 13 32 12.1, Dec -08 46 52
and another (2MASX J13321286-0847364 = "PGC 3809525") at RA 13 32 12.9, Dec -08 47 36

NGC 5204 (= PGC 47368)
Discovered (Apr 24, 1789) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 11.3 spiral galaxy (type Sm?) in Ursa Major (RA 13 29 36.4, Dec +58 25 14)

NGC 5205 (= PGC 47425)
Discovered (May 18, 1887) by
Lewis Swift (6-59)
A magnitude 12.3 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Ursa Major (RA 13 30 03.6, Dec +62 30 42)
Corwin lists an apparent companion (PGC 2638029) at RA 13 30 16.8, Dec +62 30 54

NGC 5206 (= PGC 47762)
Discovered (Jul 2, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 10.9 lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Centaurus (RA 13 33 44.0, Dec -48 09 04)

NGC 5207 (= PGC 47612)
Discovered (Mar 19, 1787) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.2 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 14.0, Dec +13 53 33)

NGC 5208 (= PGC 47637)
Discovered (Jan 23, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.1 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 27.9, Dec +07 18 59)
Corwin lists an apparent companion
(2MASX J13322542+0719549 = "PGC 3809595") at RA 13 32 25.5, Dec +07 19 55

NGC 5209 (= PGC 47654)
Discovered (Jan 23, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 42.6, Dec +07 19 38)

NGC 5210 (= PGC 47678)
Discovered (Apr 13, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 49.2, Dec +07 10 12)

NGC 5211 (= PGC 47709)
Discovered (Apr 14, 1828) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.3 spiral galaxy (type SBab?) in Virgo (RA 13 33 05.3, Dec -01 02 09)

NGC 5212 (= PGC 47687)
Discovered (Apr 24, 1830) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 14.3 spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Virgo (RA 13 32 56.1, Dec +07 17 17)
Historical Identification: Apparently difficult (will deal with this in detail in a later iteration of this page). Corwin lists three possibilities:
(1) RA 13 32 32.3, Dec +07 17 39: (favored by most references) PGC 47640 = PGC 1318479, a magnitude 15(?) spiral galaxy (type SBbc?)
(2) RA 13 32 56.1, Dec +07 17 17 (this is the one Steinicke favors, as shown above)
(3) RA 13 33 21.0, Dec +07 18 40 (apparently considered the least likely): A pair of magnitude 15.0 (ne) and 15.4 (sw) stars

NGC 5213 (= PGC 47842)
Discovered (Apr 30, 1864) by
Albert Marth (263)
A magnitude 14.0 spiral galaxy (type SBb?) in Virgo (RA 13 34 39.3, Dec +04 07 48)

NGC 5214 (= PGC 47675)
Discovered (Apr 9, 1787) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.6 spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 32 48.4, Dec +41 52 19)

PGC 47679 (= "NGC 5214A")
Not an NGC object but listed here since often called NGC 5214A
A magnitude 15.0 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in
Canes Venatici (RA 13 32 47.2, Dec +41 51 54)

NGC 5215 (= PGC 47887 = PGC 47888)
Discovered (Jun 3, 1836) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 lenticular galaxy (type S0? pec) in Centaurus (RA 13 35 09.4, Dec -33 29 01)
Historical Identification: In modern photographs it looks like the pair of interacting galaxies should be treated as a single object; but per Corwin, Herschel's observation makes it clear that what he recorded was the eastern galaxy, and that he thought the western one was merely a star similar to the one to the south of the eastern galaxy.

PGC 47879 (= PGC 47883 = "NGC 5215A")
Not an NGC object but listed here since often called NGC 5215A
A magnitude 13.2 lenticular galaxy (type S0? pec) in
Centaurus (RA 13 35 06.6, Dec -33 28 52)
See NGC 5215 for a discussion of why this is not part of the NGC object, despite its appearance in modern photographs.

NGC 5216 (= PGC 47598, and with
NGC 5218 = Keenan's System = Arp 104)
Discovered (Mar 19, 1790) by William Herschel
A magnitude 12.6 elliptical galaxy (type E3? pec) in Ursa Major (RA 13 32 06.9, Dec +62 42 02)
A gravitationally interacting pair with NGC 5218, referred to as Keenan's System, or Arp 104. (The pair is used in the Arp Atlas as an example of an elliptical galaxy connected to a spiral galaxy.) A Seyfert galaxy (type Sy1). Based on a recessional velocity of 2940 km/sec, NGC 5216 is about 135 million light years away, in fair agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 155 to 185 million light years. Whatever the actual distance, the galaxy must be at essentially the same distance as its companion, NGC 5218, so I have adopted a common distance of 160 million light years for comparison purposes. Given that and its apparent size of 2.6 by 1.9 arcmin, NGC 5216 is about 120 thousand light years across. The overall extent of Keenan's system, including the trails of gas extending between and beyond the pair, is about 250 thousand light years. (This pair was featured as the Astronomy Picture of the Day for July 2, 2010. Unfortunately, the accompanying description of the system contains a factor of ten error in distances and dimensions, and reverses the NGC identifications. This is an example of an all-too-common propagation of incorrect data across the Internet; but LEDA and NED make it clear that the system is much more distant than usually stated, and even the NOAO site, although also giving incorrect dimensions and reversing the NGC identifications, correctly states that it is well over 100 million light years away. The APoD caption also incorrectly states that Keenan discovered the system. William Herschel was the first to record the nebulae; Keenan discovered the bridge of stellar material connecting the pair.)
SDSS image of NGC 5216
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 5216
Below, a 12 arcmin wide view of the region near the galaxy, faintly showing its interaction with NGC 5218
(See NGC 5218 for more views of the two galaxies)
SDSS image of the region near NGC 5216, also showing its interaction with NGC 5218

PGC 47854 (= PGC 2628542= "NGC 5216A")
Not an NGC object but listed here since often called NGC 5216A
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type Sc? Sb?) in
Ursa Major (RA 13 34 41.6, Dec +61 59 36)
Based on a recessional velocity of 3080 km/sec, PGC 47854 is about 145 million light years away, in reasonable agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 145 to 150 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 1.35 by 0.45 arcmins, it is about 55 thousand light years across. (Unlike many NGC"A" or "B" galaxies, which are close companions of the original NGC object, NGC 5216A has no obvious connection to NGC 5216, being separated from it by a full degree. However, if it happens to be at the same distance, it would be only a couple of million light years away from Keenan's System; so although that is only a possibility, perhaps the appellation is not entirely unwarranted.)
SDSS image of PGC 47854, sometimes referred to as NGC 5216A
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 47854
Below, a 12 arcmin wide view of the region near the galaxy
SDSS image of region near PGC 47854, sometimes referred to as NGC 5216A

NGC 5217 (= PGC 47793)
Discovered (May 7, 1826) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.6 elliptical galaxy (type E1?) in Coma Berenices (RA 13 34 05.9, Dec +17 51 25)
Based on a recessional velocity of 8045 km/sec, NGC 5217 is about 375 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.5 by 1.4 arcmin, it is about 160 thousand light years across.
DSS image of NGC 5217
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 5217
Below, a 12 arcmin wide view of the region near the galaxy
SDSS image of region near NGC 5217

NGC 5218 (= PGC 47603, and with
NGC 5216 = Keenan's System = Arp 104)
Discovered (Mar 19, 1790) by William Herschel
A magnitude 12.3 spiral galaxy (type SB(s)b? pec) in Ursa Major (RA 13 32 10.4, Dec +62 46 04)
A gravitationally interacting pair with NGC 5216, referred to as Keenan's System, or Arp 104. (The pair is used in the Arp Atlas as an example of an elliptical galaxy connected to a spiral galaxy.) Based on a recessional velocity of 2935 km/sec, NGC 5218 is about 130 million light years away, in fair agreement with a redshift-independent distance of 165 million light years. Whatever the actual distance, the galaxy must be at essentially the same distance as its companion, NGC 5216, so I have adopted a common distance of 160 million light years for comparison purposes. Given that and its apparent size of 1.7 by 1.4 arcmin, NGC 5218 is about 80 thousand light years across. The overall extent of Keenan's system, including the trails of gas extending between and beyond the pair, is about 250 thousand light years. (This pair was featured as the Astronomy Picture of the Day for July 2, 2010. Unfortunately, the accompanying description of the system contains a factor of ten error in distances and dimensions, and reverses the NGC identifications. This is an example of an all-too-common propagation of incorrect data across the Internet; but LEDA and NED make it clear that the system is much more distant than usually stated, and even the NOAO site, although also giving incorrect dimensions and reversing the NGC identifications, correctly states that it is well over 100 million light years away. The APoD caption also incorrectly states that Keenan discovered the system. William Herschel was the first to record the nebulae; Keenan discovered the bridge of stellar material connecting the pair.)
SDSS image of NGC 5218
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of NGC 5218
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy, faintly showing its interaction with NGC 5216
SDSS image of the region near NGC 5218, also showing its interaction with NGC 5216
Below, a 12 arcmin wide image centered on NGC 5216 and 5218, processed to emphasize their interaction
SDSS image centered between NGC 5216 and 5218, also known as Keenan's System, or Arp 104
Below, another image of the pair (Credit: Sid Leach and Wil Milan/Adam Block/AURA/NSF/NOAO)
NOAO image of NGC 5216 and 5218, also known as Keenan's System, or Arp 104

NGC 5219 (= PGC 48093 = PGC 48236 =
NGC 5244)
Discovered (Jun 1, 1834) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 5244)
Discovered (Jun 3, 1834) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 5219)
A magnitude 12.6 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Centaurus (RA 13 38 42.0, Dec -45 51 18)

NGC 5220 (= PGC 47972), the "Sombrero" Galaxy
Discovered (Jun 3, 1836) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.0 spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Centaurus (RA 13 35 56.7, Dec -33 27 14)
Not the more famous and spectacular Sombrero (M104 = NGC 4594), but still sometimes referred to by that name.

NGC 5221 (= PGC 47869), part of
Arp 288
Discovered (Apr 12, 1784) by William Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Virgo (RA 13 34 55.9, Dec +13 49 57)

NGC 5222 (= PGC 47871 + PGC 93122), part of
Arp 288
Discovered (Apr 12, 1784) by William Herschel
A magnitude 13.1 elliptical galaxy (type E3?) in Virgo (RA 13 34 55.9, Dec +13 44 32)
Corwin lists NGC 5222 as only PGC 47871 and treats PGC 93122 as merely a possible physical companion, while Steinicke includes PGC 93122 as part of NGC 5222. Given the substantial difference in their appearance, I think Corwin is more likely to be correct; but will have to look at the historical evidence before putting in my oar.
Corwin lists an apparent companion (PGC 1438924) at RA 13 34 59.3, Dec +13 43 55

PGC 93122
Probably not an NGC object but listed here as a possible physical companion of
NGC 5222
A magnitude 14.7 spiral galaxy (type S?) in Virgo (RA 13 34 57.6, Dec +13 44 39)
This entry presumes Corwin's view of NGC 5222 is the correct one. If I change my mind and treat Steinicke's view as more likely to be correct, I will merge this entry with the other.

NGC 5223 (= PGC 47822)
Discovered (May 1, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 elliptical galaxy (type E1?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 34 25.2, Dec +34 41 26)
Corwin lists an apparent companion
(2MASX J13342110+3440565 = "PGC 3810110") at RA 13 34 21.2, Dec +34 40 57

NGC 5224 (= PGC 47884)
Discovered (May 12, 1793) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 14.0 spiral galaxy (type S?) in Virgo (RA 13 35 08.8, Dec +06 28 52)

NGC 5225 (= PGC 47731)
Discovered (Apr 26, 1789) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.6 spiral galaxy (type S?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 33 20.2, Dec +51 29 25)

NGC 5226 (= PGC 47877)
Discovered (Apr 5, 1877) by
John Dreyer
A magnitude 15.8 spiral galaxy (type S?) in Virgo (RA 13 35 03.6, Dec +13 55 20)

NGC 5227 (= PGC 47915)
Discovered (May 13, 1793) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy (type SBb?) in Virgo (RA 13 35 24.6, Dec +01 24 38)

NGC 5228 (= PGC 47837)
Discovered (May 1, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.3 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 34 35.1, Dec +34 46 40)

NGC 5229 (= PGC 47788)
Discovered (Jan 1, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (3-72)
A magnitude 13.7 spiral galaxy (type SBcd?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 34 02.9, Dec +47 54 54)

NGC 5230 (= PGC 47932)
Discovered (Apr 12, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.1 spiral galaxy (type SBc?) in Virgo (RA 13 35 31.9, Dec +13 40 34)

NGC 5231 (= PGC 47953)
Discovered (Apr 30, 1864) by
Albert Marth (264)
A magnitude 13.4 spiral galaxy (type SBa?) in Virgo (RA 13 35 48.2, Dec +02 59 56)

NGC 5232 (= PGC 47998)
Discovered (May 30, 1864) by
Albert Marth (265)
A magnitude 12.4 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Virgo (RA 13 36 08.3, Dec -08 29 52)
Corwin also lists an apparent companion (PGC 48021 = PGC 170272) at RA 13 36 21.9, Dec -08 29 09

NGC 5233 (= PGC 47895)
Discovered (May 3, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.9 spiral galaxy (type Sab?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 35 13.3, Dec +34 40 39)

NGC 5234 (= PGC 48129)
Discovered (Jul 6, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 13.0 lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Centaurus (RA 13 37 29.9, Dec -49 50 13)

NGC 5235 (= PGC 47984)
Discovered (Apr 13, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 14.2 spiral galaxy (type SBbc?) in Virgo (RA 13 36 01.4, Dec +06 35 07)
Corwin also lists an apparent companion (PGC 214124) at RA 13 36 03.5, Dec +06 35 07

NGC 5236 (= PGC 48082 =
M83)
Discovered (1751) by Nicolas Lacaille
Observed/Recorded (Feb 17, 1781) by Charles Messier as M83
Also observed (Apr 29, 1826) by James Dunlop
Also observed (May 5, 1834) by John Herschel
A magnitude 7.5 spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Hydra (RA 13 37 00.5, Dec -29 51 58)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 5236 (= GC 3606 = JH 3523, M83, Lacaille list I #6, Dunlop #628, 1860 RA 13 29 09, NPD 119 09.0) is a "very remarkable object, (per William and John Herschel) very bright, very large, extended 55░, extremely suddenly bright middle and nucleus; (per Lacaille) 3 branched spiral". (Since William Herschel is not listed among the discoverers, "per William and John Herschel" presumably means "per the General Catalog".) The position precesses to RA 13 37 01.1, Dec -29 51 58, dead center on the galaxy listed above and the description fits, so the identification is certain.
Physical Information:
ESO image of spiral galaxy NGC 5236, also known as M83
Above, an overall view of the galaxy (Image Credit FORS Team, 8.2-meter VLT Antu, ESO)
Below, a closeup of star-forming regions and new star clusters
(Image Credit ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); Acknowledgement: R. O'Connell (U. Virginia), NASA)
HST closeup of a portion of spiral galaxy NGC 5236, also known as M83

NGC 5237 (= PGC 48139)
Discovered (Jun 3, 1834) by
John Herschel
A magnitude 12.5 elliptical galaxy (type E?) in Centaurus (RA 13 37 39.0, Dec -42 50 50)
Corwin also lists an apparent companion (PGC 48136) at RA 13 37 38.2, DEec -42 50 39

NGC 5238 (= PGC 47853)
Discovered (Apr 26, 1789) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type Sd?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 34 42.5, Dec +51 36 49)
and (per Steinicke) a magnitude 14.3 spiral galaxy (type Sc?) at RA 13 34 43.6, Dec +51 36 34)
Corwin also lists an apparent companion (PGC 47857) at RA 13 34 43.8, Dec +51 36 34

NGC 5239 (= PGC 48023)
Discovered (Apr 13, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.8 spiral galaxy (type SBbc?) in Bo÷tes (RA 13 36 26.2, Dec +07 22 10)

NGC 5240 (= PGC 47971)
Discovered (May 1, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy (type SBc?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 35 55.2, Dec +35 35 18)

NGC 5241 (= PGC 48043)
Discovered (Mar 29, 1886) by
Lewis Swift (3-73)
A magnitude 12.9 spiral galaxy (type Sab?) in Virgo (RA 13 36 39.9, Dec -08 24 07)

NGC 5242
Discovered (Apr 10, 1828) by
John Herschel
A lost or nonexistent object in Virgo (RA 13 37 07.3, Dec +02 46 14?)
Corwin gives Herschel's position as RA 13 37 06, Dec +02 46.2

NGC 5243 (= PGC 48011 = PGC 2124300)
Discovered (Mar 17, 1787) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 13.2 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Canes Venatici (RA 13 36 15.0, Dec +38 20 38)
Corwin also lists an apparent companion
(SDSS J133612.99+382117.9) at RA 13 36 13.0, Dec +38 21 18

NGC 5244 (= PGC 48093 = PGC 48236 =
NGC 5219)
Discovered (Jun 1, 1834) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 5244)
Discovered (Jun 3, 1834) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 5219)
A magnitude 12.6 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Centaurus (RA 13 38 42.0, Dec -45 51 18)

NGC 5245 (= PGC 48110 = PGC 1260348)
Discovered (Apr 30, 1864) by
Albert Marth (266)
A magnitude 14.2 spiral galaxy (type S?) in Virgo (RA 13 37 23.2, Dec +03 53 51)

NGC 5246 (= PGC 48128)
Discovered (Apr 30, 1864) by
Albert Marth (267)
A magnitude 13.6 spiral galaxy (type SBb?) in Virgo (RA 13 37 29.4, Dec +04 06 16)

NGC 5247 (= PGC 48171)
Discovered (Feb 7, 1785) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 10.0 spiral galaxy (type SBbc?) in Virgo (RA 13 38 03.0, Dec -17 53 03)

NGC 5248 (= PGC 48130 = PGC 140202)
Discovered (Apr 15, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 10.3 spiral galaxy (type SBbc?) in Bo÷tes (RA 13 37 32.0, Dec +08 53 07)

NGC 5249 (= PGC 48134)
Discovered (Mar 21, 1784) by
William Herschel
A magnitude 12.9 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Bo÷tes (RA 13 37 37.5, Dec +15 58 20)
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 5150 - 5199) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 5200 - 5249     → (NGC 5250 - 5299)