Celestial Atlas
(NGC 7350 - 7399) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 7400 - 7449 Link for sharing this page on Facebook     → (NGC 7450 - 7499)
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Page last updated Apr 9, 2017
Checked historical databases, added Dreyer NGC entries
WORKING 7400: Add/update Steinicke listings/data, check IDs

NGC 7400 (= PGC 69967)
Discovered (Sep 6, 1834) by
John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Grus (RA 22 54 20.8, Dec -45 20 50)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7400 (= GC 4857 = JH 3957, 1860 RA 22 45 42, NPD 136 05.6) is "pretty faint, a little extended, gradually a little brighter middle, very small (faint) star involved".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.7 by 0.5? arcmin.

NGC 7401 (= PGC 69911)
Discovered (Oct 2, 1856) by
R. J. Mitchell
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Pisces (RA 22 52 58.5, Dec +01 08 33)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7401 (= GC 4856, 3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 22 45 45, NPD 89 36.7) is "extremely faint, very small".
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case R. J. Mitchell.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.6? arcmin.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 7401, also showing NGC 7397, 7398, and 7402
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 7401, also showing NGC 7397, 7398, and 7402
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 7401

NGC 7402 (= PGC 69914)
Discovered (Oct 2, 1856) by
R. J. Mitchell
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pisces (RA 22 53 04.4, Dec +01 08 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7402 (3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 22 45 50, NPD 89 36.7) is "extremely faint, very small".
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case R. J. Mitchell.
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.7 by 0.5? arcmin.

NGC 7403
Recorded (Nov 15, 1859) by
Sidney Coolidge
Looked for but not found (date?) by Rudolf Spitaler
Looked for but not found (date?) by Sherburne Burnham
A 14th-magnitude star in Pisces (RA 22 53 06.3, Dec +01 28 56)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7403 (= GC 6092, S. Coolidge (#32, HN 22), 1860 RA 22 45 57, NPD 89 15.7) is "a slightly nebulous star". The first IC notes "Occurs only in one Harvard Zone (156). Spitaler and Burnham have not seen any nebulosity. The small nebula found by them 40 seconds east and 7 arcmin south cannot, of course, have been the object observed in the zone".
Discovery Notes: Coolidge holds the dubious distinction of never having discovered an actual nebula or cluster, all of his NGC objects being merely stars; so it is not surprising that Spitaler and Burnham could not find his "nebulous star".

NGC 7404 (=
IC 5260 = PGC 69964)
Discovered (Oct 4, 1836) by John Herschel (and later listed as NGC 7404)
Discovered (Jul 19, 1897) by Lewis Swift (and later listed as IC 5260)
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/SB0?) in Grus (RA 22 54 18.6, Dec -39 18 53)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7404 (= GC 4858 = JH 3958, 1860 RA 22 46 24, NPD 130 03.5) is "very faint, small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.5 by 0.8? arcmin.

NGC 7405
Recorded (Sep 5, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A lost or nonexistent object in Pegasus (RA 22 53 36.0, Dec +12 28 36)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7405 (= GC 6093, Marth #502, 1860 RA 22 46 38, NPD 78 16) is "extremely faint, small, round".

NGC 7406 (= PGC 69947)
Discovered (Aug 25, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S??) in Aquarius (RA 22 53 56.4, Dec -06 34 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7406 (= GC 6094, Marth #503, 1860 RA 22 46 40, NPD 97 18) is "faint, small, a little extended".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.1 by 0.6? arcmin.

NGC 7407 (= PGC 69922)
Discovered (Sep 13, 1873) by
Édouard Stephan
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Pegasus (RA 22 53 21.0, Dec +32 07 47)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7407 (= GC 6095, Stephan list V (#9), 1860 RA 22 46 46, NPD 56 36.8) is "extremely faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.0 by 0.9? arcmin.

NGC 7408 (= PGC 70037)
Discovered (Nov 1, 1834) by
John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBc?) in Tucana (RA 22 55 56.7, Dec -63 41 43)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7408 (= GC 4859 = JH 3959, 1860 RA 22 46 50, NPD 154 26.5) is "pretty bright, pretty small, round, very gradually a little brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.6 by 1.2? arcmin.

NGC 7409 (= PGC 69939)
Discovered (Sep 20, 1863) by
Albert Marth
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Pegasus (RA 22 53 48.0, Dec +20 12 39)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7409 (= GC 6096, Marth #504, 1860 RA 22 46 58, NPD 70 32) is "extremely faint".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.6 by 0.4? arcmin.

NGC 7410 (= PGC 69994)
Discovered (Jul 14, 1826) by
James Dunlop
Discovered (Sep 4, 1834) by John Herschel
A 10th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBa?) in Grus (RA 22 55 00.6, Dec -39 39 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7410 (= GC 4860 = JH 3960, Dunlop 518, 1860 RA 22 47 03, NPD 130 24.6) is "considerably bright, large, very much extended 43°, much brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 5.2 by 1.6? arcmin.
Observatorio Antilhue image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 7410, overlaid on a DSS background to fill in areas not covered by the higher quality image
Above, a 12 arcmin wide composite image centered on NGC 7410 (Image Credit & © above and below
Daniel Verschatse, Observatorio Antilhue, Chile; used by permission (above, overlaid on a DSS background))

Below, a 5 arcmin wide Observatorio Antilhue image of the galaxy
Observatorio Antilhue image of spiral galaxy NGC 7410

NGC 7411 (= PGC 69974)
Discovered (Sep 13, 1863) by
Albert Marth
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Pegasus (RA 22 54 34.8, Dec +20 14 12)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7411 (= GC 6097, Marth #505, 1860 RA 22 47 42, NPD 70 30) is "very faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.9 by 0.9? arcmin.

NGC 7412 (= PGC 70027)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1836) by
John Herschel
An 11th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBb?) in Grus (RA 22 55 46.1, Dec -42 38 29)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7412 (= GC 4861 = JH 3961, 1860 RA 22 47 46, NPD 133 23.8) is "extremely faint, very large, 7th magnitude star to northeast".
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.8 by 2.8? arcmin.
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 7412
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 7412
Below, a 4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy (red channel strengthened to show greater detail in the nucleus)
DSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 7412 (red channel strengthened to show greater detail in the nucleus)

PGC 70089 (= "NGC 7412A")
Not an NGC object but listed here since sometimes called NGC 7412A
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBd?) in
Grus (RA 22 57 07.0, Dec -42 48 18)
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.5 by 0.5? arcmin.

NGC 7413 (= PGC 69997)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1886) by
Lewis Swift
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Pegasus (RA 22 55 03.0, Dec +13 13 16)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7413 (Swift list IV (#87), 1860 RA 22 47 51, NPD 77 31.6) is "most extremely faint, pretty small, round, very difficult, southern of 2", the other being NGC 7414. The second IC lists a corrected RA (per Howe) of 22 48 05.
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.7? arcmin.

NGC 7414 (= PGC 70008)
Discovered (Sep 2, 1886) by
Lewis Swift
A 16th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pegasus (RA 22 55 24.3, Dec +13 14 56)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7414 (Swift list IV (#88), 1860 RA 22 47 51, NPD 77 29.1) is "most extremely faint, small, round, very difficult, northern of 2", the other being NGC 7413.
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.4 by 0.2? arcmin.

NGC 7415 (= PGC 69984 + PGC 69985)
Discovered (Sep 13, 1863) by
Albert Marth
A pair of 15th-magnitude spiral galaxies in Pegasus
PGC 69984 = A spiral galaxy (type Sab?) at RA 22 54 51.7, Dec +20 15 44
PGC 69985 = A spiral galaxy (type S??) at RA 22 54 53.6, Dec +20 15 43)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7415 (= GC 6098, Marth #506, 1860 RA 22 47 59, NPD 70 28) is "extremely faint".
Physical Information: PGC 69984 is about 1.1 by 0.2 arcmin apparent size. PGC 69985 is about 0.5 by 0.3 arcmin apparent size. A 1500 km/sec difference in the two galaxies' recessional velocities (which would imply a difference in their distance of about 70 million light years) and their lack of any obvious distortion suggest that they are not as close to each other as they appear, are not physically interacting, and are only an optical double.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxies PGC 69984 and PGC 69985, which comprise NGC 7415, also showing elliptical galaxy NGC 7411
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 715, also showing NGC 7411
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the apparent pair
SDSS image of spiral galaxies PGC 69984 and PGC 69985, which comprise NGC 7415

NGC 7416 (=PGC 70025)
Discovered (Aug 25, 1864) by
Albert Marth
Discovered (Sep 21, 1867) by Aaron Skinner
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBb?) in Aquarius (RA 22 55 41.6, Dec -05 29 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7416 (= GC 6099, Marth #507, (Skinner), 1860 RA 22 48 27, NPD 96 15) is "faint, pretty large, pretty much extended, very gradually brighter middle".
Discovery Notes: Skinner was an assistant to Truman Safford, and his observations, like those of Safford, were published long after the fact, at a time when Dreyer was in the last stages of preparing the NGC for publication. As a result his observation was not included in the NGC entry, as indicated by his name being shown in parentheses.
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.2 by 0.7? arcmin.

NGC 7417 (= PGC 70113)
Discovered (Jul 20, 1835) by
John Herschel
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBab?) in Tucana (RA 22 57 49.1, Dec -65 02 18)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7417 (= GC 4862 = JH 3962, 1860 RA 22 48 42, NPD 155 46.4) is "pretty bright, considerably small, round, gradually pretty much brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.4 by 1.6? arcmin.

NGC 7418 (= PGC 70069)
Discovered (Aug 30, 1834) by
John Herschel
An 11th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBc?) in Grus (RA 22 56 35.9, Dec -37 01 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7418 (= GC 4863 = JH 3963, 1860 RA 22 48 42, NPD 127 46.4) is "considerably bright, very large, very little extended, very gradually a little brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.5 by 2.6? arcmin. NGC 7418 is listed as a member of a group of galaxies in or near Sculptor with recessional velocities of about 1500 to 1800 km/sec (this is not "the" Sculptor Group, a close neighbor to our Local Group, with an average recessional velocity of less than 300 km/sec).

PGC 70075 (= "NGC 7418A")
Not an NGC object but listed here since sometimes called NGC 7418A
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Scd?) in
Grus (RA 22 56 41.2, Dec -36 46 22)
Physical Information: Apparent size 3.5 by 1.8? arcmin.

NGC 7419 (= OCL 250)
Discovered (Nov 3, 1787) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Sep 29, 1829) by John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude open cluster (type II3r) in Cepheus (RA 22 54 20.0, Dec +60 48 56)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7419 (= GC 4864 = JH 2190 = WH VII 43, 1860 RA 22 48 47, NPD 29 55.1) is "a cluster, pretty rich, considerably compressed".
Physical Information: Apparent size 6? arcmin.

NGC 7420 (= PGC 70017)
Discovered (Sep 6, 1863) by
Albert Marth
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Pegasus (RA 22 55 32.0, Dec +29 48 20)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7420 (= GC 6100, Marth #508, 1860 RA 22 48 54, NPD 60 56) is "very faint, small".
Physical Information: Apparent size 0.8 by 0.6? arcmin.

NGC 7421 (= PGC 70083)
Discovered (Aug 30, 1834) by
John Herschel
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBbc?) in Grus (RA 22 56 54.6, Dec -37 20 42)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7421 (= GC 4865 = JH 3964, 1860 RA 22 49 02, NPD 128 05.5) is "considerably bright, large, very little extended, gradually pretty much brighter middle, partially resolved (some stars seen)".
Physical Information: Apparent size 2.0 by 1.9? arcmin.

NGC 7422 (= PGC 70048)
Discovered (Aug 11, 1864) by
Albert Marth
Discovered (Dec 6, 1865) by Otto Struve
Discovered (Sep 29, 1866) by Heinrich d'Arrest
Also observed (Oct 13, 1903) by Stephane Javelle
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Pisces (RA 22 56 12.3, Dec +03 55 37)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7422 (= GC 6101, Marth #509, Struve, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 22 49 04, NPD 86 49.2) is "very faint, pretty small, very little extended". The second IC adds "I assume Javelle 1426 = NGC 7422, the comparison star being BD+03 4794, and not 4796. Places agree then".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.0 by 0.8? arcmin.

NGC 7423 (= OCL 246)
Discovered (Nov 1, 1788) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Sep 24, 1829) by John Herschel
An open cluster (type II3m) in Cepheus (RA 22 55 06.5, Dec +57 05 41)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7423 (= GC 4866 = JH 2191 = WH III 745, 1860 RA 22 49 19, NPD 33 38.2) is "very faint, pretty large, irregular figure, extremely mottled but not resolved".
Physical Information: Apparent size 5 arcmin?

NGC 7424 (= PGC 70096)
Discovered (Sep 5, 1834) by
John Herschel
An 11th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBc?) in Grus (RA 22 57 18.4, Dec -41 04 15)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7424 (= GC 4867 = JH 3965, 1860 RA 22 49 21, NPD 131 49.1) is "faint, considerably large, very little extended, very gradually much brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size 9.5 by 8.1 arcmin.
Observatorio Antilhue image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 7424, overlaid on a DSS background to fill in areas not covered by the higher quality image
Above, an 18 arcmin wide composite image centered on NGC 7424
(Image Credit as for image below, but overlaid on a DSS background)
Below, a roughly 9 arcmin wide image of the galaxy
(Image Credit & © Daniel Verschatse, Observatorio Antilhue, Chile; used by permission)
Observatorio Antilhue image of spiral galaxy NGC 7424
Below, a roughly 7 arcmin wide image of the galaxy (Image Credit ESO)
ESO image of central two thirds of spiral galaxy NGC 7424

NGC 7425 (= PGC 70097)
Discovered (1886) by
Frank Muller
Also observed (date?) by Herbert Howe
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0/a?) in Aquarius (RA 22 57 15.6, Dec -10 57 00)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7425 (Muller list I (#259), 1860 RA 22 49 25, NPD 101 41.6) is "extremely faint, very little extended, 10th magnitude star 4' to west". The second IC lists a corrected RA (per Howe) of 22 49 55.
Physical Information: Apparent size about 0.9 by 0.6 arcmin.

NGC 7426 (= PGC 70042)
Discovered (Oct 18, 1786) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Nov 17, 1827) by John Herschel
A 12th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E2?) in Lacerta (RA 22 56 03.0, Dec +36 21 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7426 (= GC 4868 = JH 2192 = WH III 576, 1860 RA 22 49 29, NPD 54 22.6) is "very faint, considerably small, round, stellar, double star to west".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 1.7 by 1.4 arcmin.

NGC 7427 (= PGC 70091)
Discovered (Nov 22, 1865) by
Otto Struve
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Pegasus (RA 22 57 09.8, Dec +08 30 22)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7427 (= GC 6102, O. Struve, 1860 RA 22 50 05, NPD 82 17) is "faint, small, 9th magnitude star 4' to southeast".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 0.7 by 0.7 arcmin.

NGC 7428 (= PGC 70098)
Discovered (Jul 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBa?) in Pisces (RA 22 57 19.5, Dec -01 02 57)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7428 (= GC 6103, Marth #510, 1860 RA 22 50 07, NPD 91 47) is "faint, very small, round, brighter middle".
Physical Information: About 2.4 by 1.4 arcmin apparent size.

NGC 7429 (= OCL 249)
Discovered (Sep 29, 1829) by
John Herschel
An open cluster (type III2p) in Cepheus (RA 22 56 00.0, Dec +59 58 24)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7429 (= GC 4869 = JH 2193, 1860 RA 22 50 18, NPD 30 45.4) is "a cluster, poor, pretty compressed, stars from 9th to 11th magnitude".
Physical Information: About 15 arcmin across.

NGC 7430 (= PGC 70106)
Discovered (Aug 27, 1864) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S??) in Pegasus (RA 22 57 29.7, Dec +08 47 40)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7430 (= GC 6104, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 22 50 26, NPD 81 57.2) is "extremely faint, very small".
Physical Information: About 0.4 by 0.2 arcmin apparent size.

NGC 7431 (= PGC 1765321)
Discovered (Sep 30, 1886) by
Guillaume Bigourdan
A 15th-magnitude pair of compact galaxies (type C? + C?) in Pegasus (RA 22 57 38.8, Dec +26 09 52)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7431 (Bigourdan (list II #92), 1860 RA 22 50 54, NPD 64 35.0) is "extremely faint, very small".
Physical Information: A contact double system. Apparent size 0.4 by 0.2? arcmin. There is considerable confusion about the proper identification of the NGC objects in the compact group of galaxies near this one. As a result, Wikisky identifies this pair only by its PGC number.

NGC 7432 (= PGC 70129)
Discovered (Nov 23, 1785) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Oct 17, 1825) by John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E3?) in Pegasus (RA 22 58 02.2, Dec +13 08 04)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7432 (= GC 4870 = JH 2194 = WH III 465, 1860 RA 22 51 02, NPD 77 37.0) is "extremely faint, small, round".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 1.6 by 1.2 arcmin.

NGC 7433 (= PGC 70112)
Discovered (Oct 12, 1855) by
R. J. Mitchell
Also observed (Sep 15, 1865) by Heinrich d'Arrest
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S??) in Pegasus (RA 22 57 51.7, Dec +26 09 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7433 (= GC 4872, 3rd Lord Rosse, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 22 51 09, NPD 64 36.0) is "extremely faint, very small, west of h 2195", (JH) 2195 being NGC 7436.
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case R. J. Mitchell.
Physical Information: Apparent size about 0.7 by 0.2 arcmin. There is considerable confusion about the proper identification of the NGC objects in the compact group of galaxies near this one. As a result, Wikisky (almost certainly incorrectly) identifies this galaxy as NGC 7431.

NGC 7434 (= PGC 70145)
Discovered (Jul 27, 1864) by
Albert Marth
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Pisces (RA 22 58 21.4, Dec -01 11 00)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7434 (= GC 6105, Marth #511, 1860 RA 22 51 10, NPD 91 55) is "very faint, very small, round, stellar".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin.

NGC 7435 (= PGC 70116)
Discovered (Oct 12, 1855) by
R. J. Mitchell
Also observed (Nov 27, 1899) by Stephane Javelle
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBa?) in Pegasus (RA 22 57 54.4, Dec +26 08 20)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7435 (= GC 4873, 3rd Lord Rosse, 1860 RA 22 51 13, NPD 64 37) is "extremely faint, south of h 2195", (JH) 2195 being NGC 7436. The second IC suggests "= Javelle 1427".
Discovery Notes: Although Dreyer credits the discovery to William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, he notes that many of Rosse's nebular discoveries were actually made by one of his assistants, in this case R. J. Mitchell.
Physical Information: Apparent size about 1.2 by 0.7 arcmin.

NGC 7436 (= PGC 70124 + PGC 70123)
Discovered (Dec 2, 1784) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Aug 18, 1828) by John Herschel
A multiple galaxy in Pegasus
PGC 70124 = a 13th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0?) at RA 22 57 57.5, Dec +26 09 00
PGC 70123 = a 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?? pec) at RA 22 57 56.2, Dec +26 09 00
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7436 (= GC 4871 = JH 2195 = WH III 243, 1860 RA 22 51 13, NPD 64 35.9) is "faint, pretty small, faint star attached on west, gradually brighter middle".
Physical Information: Apparent size of PGC 70124 is about 2.0 by 2.0 arcmin. Apparent size of PGC 70123 is about 0.6 by 0.2 arcmin. Various references call one galaxy NGC 7436 or 7436A, and the other NGC 7436B; but which is which varies from one reference to another, so the PGC listings should be used to ensure proper identification. (Even worse, Wikisky labels PGC 70123 as NGC 7436, and PGC 70124 as NGC 7433, which is almost certainly wrong.) Part of an apparently compact group of galaxies (NGC 7433, 7435 and 7436, and some smaller apparent companions) so close together that proper identification of the NGC objects is difficult (current identifications are per Steinicke; a thorough reassessment will be presented in a later iteration of this page).
SDSS image of region near multiple galaxy NGC 7436, also showing NGC 7431, 7433 and 7435
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 7433, 7435 and 7436, also showing NGC 7431
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the close grouping
SDSS image of multiple galaxy NGC 7436, also showing NGC 7433 and 7435

NGC 7437 (= PGC 70131)
Discovered (Oct 31, 1885) by
Lewis Swift
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Scd?) in Pegasus (RA 22 58 10.1, Dec +14 18 31)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7437 (Swift list II (#94), 1860 RA 22 51 23, NPD 76 26.6) is "most extremely faint, large, round, faint star near on northeast, very difficult".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 1.8 by 1.8 arcmin.

NGC 7438
Discovered (Nov 8, 1831) by
John Herschel
A group of stars in Cassiopeia and Lacerta (RA 22 57 20.0, Dec +54 18 38)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7438 (= GC 4874 = JH 2196, 1860 RA 22 51 36, NPD 36 23.9) is "a cluster, very large, extended".
Physical Information: About 20 arcmin across. A poorly defined scattering of stars, so the location of the center is uncertain, and being close to the border between two constellations it was inevitable that some references put the center in Cassiopeia and others in Lacerta; but either way the cluster overlaps the boundary, and therefore lies in both constellations.

NGC 7439 (= PGC 70134)
Discovered (Sep 9, 1863) by
Albert Marth
Also observed (Aug 3, 1891) by Guillaume Bigourdan
A 14th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0?) in Pegasus (RA 22 58 09.9, Dec +29 13 44)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7439 (= GC 6106, Marth #512, 1860 RA 22 51 58, NPD 61 30) is "a long patch of faint nebulosity". The second IC lists a corrected NPD (per Bigourdan) of 61 35.
Discovery Notes: Bigourdan looked for NGC 7439 on Oct 1 and 19, 1886, but could not find it. He finally found it in 1891 (as shown above), 5 arcmin to the south of the NGC position (hence the note in the IC2).
Physical Information: Apparent size about 1.0 by 0.6 arcmin.

NGC 7440 (= PGC 70152)
Discovered (Oct 9, 1876) by
Édouard Stephan
Also observed (Sep 1, 1886) by Guillaume Bigourdan
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SBa?) in Andromeda (RA 22 58 32.5, Dec +35 48 11)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7440 (= GC 6107, Stephan list VIII (#25), 1860 RA 22 52 00, NPD 54 56.8) is "extremely faint, small, irregularly round". The second IC states "Bigourdan gives RA 22 52 10, NPD 54 53. This differs from Stephan's place by 10 seconds and 4 arcmin. Perhaps Stephan applied his (2 arcmin) Δδ (difference in declination) with the wrong sign".
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.4 by 1.1? arcmin.

NGC 7441 (=
IC 1458 = PGC 70080)
Discovered (Aug 28, 1789) by William Herschel
Discovered (1886) by Ormond Stone (and later listed as NGC 7441)
Discovered (Sep 17, 1892) by Stephane Javelle (and later listed as IC 1458)
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Aquarius (RA 22 56 41.4, Dec -07 22 47)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7441 (Ormond Stone list I (#260), (W. Herschel), 1860 RA 22 52 25, NPD 97 48) is "very faint, pretty small, irregularly round, 10th magnitude star to west, PD ?", the last note being due to the fact that Stone marked the object's declination with a question mark (which was well justified, as it was off by half a degree if this identification is correct).
Discovery Notes: William Herschel observed this object with his 40-foot telescope, but never published the observation, so it does not appear in the GC or NGC. Wolfgang Steinicke found the observation while analyzing Herschel's 40-foot sweep data (hence W. Herschel being in parentheses in the NGC entry shown here).
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.3 by 0.8? arcmin.

NGC 7442 (= PGC 70183)
Discovered (Nov 24, 1861) by
Heinrich d'Arrest
A 14th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Pegasus (RA 22 59 26.6, Dec +15 32 54)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7442 (= GC 4875, d'Arrest, 1860 RA 22 52 31, NPD 75 12.6) is "pretty faint, round, between two 16th magnitude stars, 13th magnitude star to northeast".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 1.1 by 1.1 arcmin.

NGC 7443 (= PGC 70218)
Discovered (Oct 3, 1785) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Sep 9, 1825) by John Herschel
A 12th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0(s)a?) in Aquarius (RA 23 00 08.7, Dec -12 48 28)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7443 (= GC 4876 = JH 2197 = WH II 450, 1860 RA 22 52 46, NPD 103 33.2) is "faint, very small, very little extended, suddenly much brighter middle, extremely mottled but not resolved, northern of 2", the other being NGC 7444.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 3510 km/sec, NGC 7443 is about 165 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.5 by 0.5? arcmin, it is about 70 thousand light years across. The distance calculated for NGC 7443 is about 30 million light years further than for NGC 7444, but peculiar (non-Hubble expansion) velocities for galaxies are usually a couple of hundred km/sec or more, so they may be somewhat closer together, and a well-separated but still gravitationally bound pair.
DSS image of region near lenticular galaxy NGC 7443, also showing NGC 7444
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 7443, also showing NGC 7444
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image of the galaxy
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 7443

NGC 7444 (= PGC 70219)
Discovered (Oct 3, 1785) by
William Herschel
Also observed (Sep 9, 1825) by John Herschel
A 13th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type SB0(r)?) in Aquarius (RA 23 00 08.8, Dec -12 50 03)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7444 (= GC 4877 = JH 2198 = WH II 451, 1860 RA 22 52 46, NPD 103 34.3) is "faint, very small, very little extended, suddenly much brighter middle, extremely mottled but not resolved, southern of 2", the other being NGC 7443.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 2920 km/sec, NGC 7444 is about 135 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.7 by 0.6? arcmin, it is about 65 thousand light years across. The distance calculated for NGC 7444 is about 30 million light years closer than for NGC 7443, but peculiar (non-Hubble expansion) velocities for galaxies are usually a couple of hundred km/sec or more, so they may be somewhat closer together, and a well-separated but still gravitationally bound pair.
DSS image of lenticular galaxy NGC 7444
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide DSS image centered on NGC 7444; see NGC 7443 for a wide-field image

NGC 7445 (= PGC 70178)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1878) by
Édouard Stephan
A 15th-magnitude lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Andromeda (RA 22 59 22.4, Dec +39 06 29)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7445 (Stephan list IX (#31), 1860 RA 22 52 54, NPD 51 38.8) is "extremely faint, very small".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 0.7 by 0.2 arcmin.

NGC 7446 (= PGC 70185)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1878) by
Édouard Stephan
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Andromeda (RA 22 59 28.9, Dec +39 05 00)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7446 (Stephan list IX (#32), 1860 RA 22 53 00, NPD 51 40.1) is "extremely faint, very small, round, mottled but not resolved".
Physical Information: Apparent size about 0.8 by 0.8 arcmin.

NGC 7447
Recorded (Oct 8, 1855) by
Edward Cooper
Looked for but not found (date?) by Sherburne Burnham
A lost or nonexistent object in Aquarius (RA 23 00 26.0, Dec -10 31 39)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7447 (= GC 4878, Markree Catalog, 1860 RA 22 53 06, NPD 101 16.7) is "an 11th or 12th magnitude star in a nebula (Auwers 49)". The first IC states "7447: to be struck out, as Burnhan (typo for Burnham) also could not find it. He only saw a faint triple star a little northwest of the place".
Discovery Notes: Auwers 49 refers to the entry in Auwers' catalog in which caused John Herschel to add Cooper's observation to the GC.

NGC 7448 (=
Arp 13 = PGC 70213)
Discovered (Oct 16, 1784) by William Herschel
Also observed (Oct 7, 1825) by John Herschel
A 12th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)bc?) in Pisces (RA 23 00 03.6, Dec +15 58 48)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7448 (= GC 4879 = JH 2199 = WH II 251, 1860 RA 22 53 08, NPD 74 46.2) is "pretty bright, large, extended 173, very gradually brighter middle, 11th magnitude star 2.5 arcmin to east".
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 2195 km/sec, NGC 7448 is about 100 million light years away, in good agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 50 to 150 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 2.7 by 1.2 arcmin, about 75 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy NGC 7448, also known as Arp 13
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 7448
Below, a 3 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy NGC 7448, also known as Arp 13

NGC 7449 (= PGC 70196)
Discovered (Oct 23, 1878) by
Édouard Stephan
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E3?) in Andromeda (RA 22 59 37.6, Dec +39 08 45)
Historical Identification: Per Dreyer, NGC 7449 (Stephan list IX (#33), 1860 RA 22 53 09, NPD 51 36.2) is "very faint, small, round, very small (faint) star in center".
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 5090 km/sec, NGC 7449 is about 235 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.0 by 0.7? arcmin, it is about 70 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of region near elliptical galaxy NGC 7449, also showing NGC 7445 and 7446
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 7449, also showing NGC 7445 and 7446
Below, a 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of elliptical galaxy NGC 7449
Celestial Atlas
(NGC 7350 - 7399) ←     NGC Objects: NGC 7400 - 7449     → (NGC 7450 - 7499)