Celestial Atlas
PGC 1 - 499 ←     PGC Objects: PGC 500 - 999 Link for sharing this page on Facebook     → PGC 1000 - 1499
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Page last updated Aug 12, 2017

PGC 509 (with
PGC 510 = Arp 146)
A 17th-magnitude ring galaxy (type (R)S pec?) in Cetus (RA 00 06 43.8, Dec -06 38 11)
Based on a recessional velocity of 22615 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 509 is about 1050 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the Universal expansion during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 965 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1000 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.4 by 0.25 arcmin, the galaxy is about 110 thousand light years across. The appearance of the galaxy and its nearby companion, PGC 510, suggest that the latter galaxy passed through the former in the not too distant past (relative to the time at which we see them), stripping material out of each galaxy, and causing a wave of intense star formation. (For a closer look at a similar system, see IC 298.)
SDSS image of ring galaxy PGC 509 and lenticular galaxy PGC 510, which comprise Arp 146
Above, a 1 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 509 and 510
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair
SDSS image of region near ring galaxy PGC 509 and lenticular galaxy PGC 510, which comprise Arp 146

PGC 510 (with
PGC 509 = Arp 146)
A 16th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa pec?) in Cetus (RA 00 06 44.8, Dec -06 38 15)
Based on its apparent interaction with PGC 509 (which see for images), PGC 510 must be at about the same distance (of about 965 million light years). Given that and its apparent size of 0.3 by 0.25 arcmin, it is about 85 thousand light years across.

PGC 564 (=
NGC 1)
Discovered (Sep 30, 1861) by Heinrich d'Arrest
Also observed (Aug 20, 1873) by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A magnitude 12.9 spiral galaxy (type SA(s)bc?) in Pegasus (RA 00 07 15.9, Dec +27 42 29)
See NGC 1 for anything else

PGC 565 (=
NGC 3)
Discovered (Nov 29, 1864) by Albert Marth
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type S(rs)a? pec) in Pisces (RA 00 07 16.8, Dec +08 18 06)
See NGC 3 for anything else

PGC 567 (=
NGC 2)
Discovered (Aug 20, 1873) by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
A magnitude 14.2 spiral galaxy (type SABbc?) in Pegasus (RA 00 07 17.1, Dec +27 40 42)
See NGC 2 for anything else

PGC 595 (=
NGC 5)
A magnitude 13.3 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0? pec) in Andromeda (RA 00 07 48.9, Dec +35 21 44)
(See NGC 5 for anything else.)

PGC 619
A 14th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type Scd) in
Pegasus (RA 00 08 10.9, Dec +27 31 41)
Based on a recessional velocity of 4635 km/sec, PGC 619 is about 205 million light years away, in good agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 155 to 200 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 1.2 by 0.8 arcmin, it is about 70 thousand light years across. The galaxy is listed as a member of the NGC 23 Group, along with NGC 1 and 26, and PGC 654, 830 and 912.
Wikisky SDSS image of PGC 619
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 619
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky SDSS image of region near PGC 619

PGC 620 (not =
NGC 4)
A magnitude 17(?) spiral galaxy (type Sa? pec) in Pisces (RA 00 08 18.9, Dec +08 07 16)
Sometimes misidentified as NGC 4; as a result, see here for anything else.

PGC 627 (=
NGC 7)
A magnitude 13.9 spiral galaxy (type SB(s)c?) in Sculptor (RA 00 08 20.8, Dec -29 54 55)
(See NGC 7 for anything else.)

PGC 634 (=
NGC 10)
A magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)bc) in Sculptor (RA 00 08 34.4, Dec -33 51 30)
(See NGC 10 for anything else.)

PGC 642 (=
NGC 11)
A magnitude 13.7 spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in Andromeda (RA 00 08 42.5, Dec +37 26 53)
(See NGC 11 for anything else.)

PGC 645 (=
NGC 12)
A magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)c) in Pisces (RA 00 08 44.8, Dec +04 36 45)
(See NGC 12 for anything else.)

PGC 647 (=
NGC 14 = Arp 235)
A magnitude 12.1 irregular galaxy (type (R)IB(s)m pec) in Pegasus (RA 00 08 46.2, Dec +15 48 58)
(See NGC 14 for anything else.)

PGC 648 (=
NGC 8)
A magnitude 15.2 and 16.5 double star in Pegasus (RA 00 08 45.4, Dec +23 50 18)
(See NGC 8 for anything else.)

PGC 650 (=
NGC 13)
A magnitude 13.2 spiral galaxy (type (R)Sab?) in Andromeda (RA 00 08 47.7, Dec +33 26 00)
(See NGC 13 for anything else.)

PGC 652 (=
NGC 9)
A magnitude 13.5 spiral galaxy (type Sab? pec) in Pegasus (RA 00 08 54.7, Dec +23 49 01)
(See NGC 9 for anything else.)

PGC 654
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type Scd) in
Pegasus (RA 00 09 04.4, Dec +25 37 07)
Based on a recessional velocity of 4335 km/sec, PGC 654 is about 195 million light years away, in fair agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 240 to 260 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 1.6 by 1.1 arcmin, it is about 90 thousand light years across. The galaxy is listed as a member of the NGC 23 Group, along with NGC 1 and 26, and PGC 619, 830 and 912.
Wikisky SDSS image of PGC 654
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 654
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky SDSS image of region near PGC 654

PGC 655
An 18th-magnitude pair of colliding galaxies (type ?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 09 01, Dec +27 47 03)
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.3 arcmins; nothing else available
Wikisky image of PGC 655
Above, a 1 arcmin wide region centered on PGC 655; also see the wide-field image of NGC 16

PGC 660 (=
NGC 16)
A magnitude 12.0 lenticular galaxy (type E/SAB0?) in Pegasus (RA 00 09 04.3, Dec +27 43 46)
(See NGC 16 for anything else.)

PGC 661 (=
NGC 15)
A magnitude 13.8 spiral galaxy (type SAB(r)a?) in Pegasus (RA 00 09 02.5, Dec +21 37 28)
(See NGC 15 for anything else.)

PGC 676
A 14th-magnitude galaxy (type Sbc) in
Andromeda (RA 00 09 28.7, Dec +47 21 21)
Based on a recessional velocity of 5155 km/sec, PGC 676 is about 230 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.2 by 0.5 arcmin, it is about 80 thousand light years across. PGC 676 is listed as a member of Local Galaxy Group 485, which also contains PGC 2 and IC 1525. IC 1525 is also listed as a member of WBL729, a group with an average recessional velocity of about 5020 km/sec which also includes PGC 18 and 73195; so all five galaxies may be physically related. PGC 2, 18 and 73195 and IC 1525 (which see for a wide-field view of the four galaxies) are less than 30 arcmin apart, and if at nearly the same distance from us, may be within a region less than two million light years across; but PGC 676 is quite a bit further away, being about 2 1/2 degrees east of the other group members.
Wikisky image of PGC 676
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 676
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 676

PGC 679 (=
NGC 20 = NGC 6)
A magnitude 13.1 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0?) in Andromeda (RA 00 09 32.7, Dec +33 18 31)
(See NGC 20 and NGC 6 for anything else.)

PGC 687
A 15th-(B)magnitude ellipical galaxy (type E?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 09 46.4, Dec +28 20 26)
Based on a recessional velocity of 8315 km/sec, PGC 687 is about 370 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.1 by 1.1 arcmin, it is about 120 thousand light years across. PGC 687 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 707, 762, 791, 816, 896, 941 and 953.
Wikisky image of PGC 687
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 687
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 687

PGC 690 (=
NGC 22)
A magnitude 13.6 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in Andromeda (RA 00 09 48.2, Dec +27 49 56)
(See NGC 22 for anything else.)

PGC 698 (=
NGC 23)
A magnitude 12.0 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)ab?) in Pegasus (RA 00 09 53.4, Dec +25 55 26)
(See NGC 23 for anything else.)

PGC 701 (=
NGC 24)
A magnitude 11.6 spiral galaxy (type SA(s)c) in Sculptor (RA 00 09 56.3, Dec -24 57 49)
(See NGC 24 for anything else.)

PGC 706 (=
NGC 25)
A magnitude 13.0 lenticular galaxy (type E/SB0? pec) in Phoenix (RA 00 09 59.3, Dec -57 01 15)
(See NGC 25 for anything else.)

PGC 707
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sb) in
Pegasus (RA 00 10 02.0, Dec +28 12 37)
Based on a recessional velocity of 8170 km/sec, PGC 707 is about 365 million light years away. (Strangely, redshift-independent distance estimates only range from 40 to 50 million light years, suggesting that a cataloging error has led to measurements of the wrong object.) Presuming that the recessional velocity is correct, and given its apparent size of 1.0 by 0.9 arcmin, PGC 707 is about 100 thousand light years across. (If the redshift-independent distance estimates were correct, the galaxy would only be about 13 thousand light years across, which seems far too small for a galaxy with its structure.) Based on its recessional velocity and position, PGC 707 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 762, 791, 816, 896, 941 and 953.
Wikisky image of PGC 707
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 707
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 707

PGC 730 (=
NGC 28)
A magnitude 13.8 elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Phoenix (RA 00 10 25.2, Dec -56 59 20)
(See NGC 28 for anything else. Also has duplicate entry at PGC 395160 (to be added later).)

PGC 731 (almost certainly not part of
NGC 27)
A magnitude 15.5(?) spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Andromeda (RA 00 10 26.4, Dec +28 59 16)
Discussed in the entry for NGC 27, and in a separate entry immediately following, which see for anything else.

PGC 732 (=
NGC 26)
A magnitude 12.9 spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)ab) in Pegasus (RA 00 10 25.9, Dec +25 49 55)
(See NGC 26 for anything else.)

PGC 742 (=
NGC 27)
A magnitude 13.5 spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Andromeda (RA 00 10 32.8, Dec +28 59 46)
(See NGC 27 for anything else.)

PGC 751 (=
NGC 31)

A magnitude 13.9 spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)c?) in Phoenix (RA 00 10 38.4, Dec -56 59 11)
(See NGC 31 for anything else.)

PGC 759 (=
NGC 19)
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)bc) in Andromeda (RA 00 10 40.9, Dec +32 58 59)
(See NGC 19 for anything else.)

PGC 762
A 15th-(B)magnitude barred spiral galaxy (type SB?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 10 43.2, Dec +28 33 56)
Based on a recessional velocity of 8650 km/sec, PGC 762 is about 390 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin, it is about 55 thousand light years across. PGC 762 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 707, 791, 816, 896, 941 and 953.
Wikisky image of PGC 762
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 762
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 762

PGC 767 (=
NGC 21 = NGC 29)
A magnitude 12.7 spiral galaxy (type SAB(s)bc) in Andromeda (RA 00 10 46.9, Dec +33 21 10)
(See NGC 21 and NGC 29 for anything else.)

PGC 778 (=
IC 2)
A 15th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Cetus (RA 00 11 00.8, Dec -12 49 20)

PGC 781 (=
NGC 17 = NGC 34)
A magnitude 14.4 spiral galaxy (type S? pec) in Cetus (RA 00 11 06.6, Dec -12 06 27)
(See NGC 17 and NGC 34 for anything else.)

PGC 784 (=
NGC 35)
A magnitude 14.1 spiral galaxy (type Sb? pec) in Cetus (RA 00 11 10.5, Dec -12 01 15)
(See NGC 35 for anything else.)

PGC 791
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type (R')SAB0^+(s)) in
Andromeda (RA 00 11 14.2, Dec +28 54 23)
Based on a recessional velocity of 8045 km/sec, PGC 791 is about 360 million light years away, somewhat beyond redshift-independent distance estimates of 270 to 290 million light years. If the larger distance is correct its apparent size of 1.3 by 1.2 arcmin implies that it is about 130 thousand light years across; if the smaller distance is correct it would be about 100 thousand light years across. Based on its recessional velocity, PGC 791 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 707, 762, 816, 896, 941 and 953.
Wikisky image of PGC 791
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 791
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 791

PGC 797
A magnitude 15(?) spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)bc?) in
Pisces (RA 00 11 26.4, Dec +06 23 30)
Physical Information: An apparent companion of NGC 36, but since its distance is unknown, whether it is a physical companion or (more likely) a more distant galaxy (and therefore an "optical double") is also unknown. Apparent size of about 0.8 by 0.2 arcmin (from the images below).
SDSS image of region near NGC 36
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on NGC 36
Below, a 3.0 by 3.6 arcmin wide SDSS image of NGC 36 and PGC 797
SDSS image of NGC 36 and its apparent but probably not physical companion, spiral galaxy PGC 797
Below, a 0.9 arcmin wide SDSS image of PGC 797
SDSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 797

PGC 798 (=
NGC 36)
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type SAB(rs)bc?) in Pisces (RA 00 11 22.3, Dec +06 23 22)
See NGC 36 for anything else

PGC 801 (=
NGC 37 = PGC 395521)
A magnitude 13.7 spiral galaxy (type (R')SAB0/a(s)?) in Phoenix (RA 00 11 22.9, Dec -56 57 26)
(See NGC 37 for anything else.)

PGC 816
A 15th-(B)magnitude barred spiral galaxy (type SBb) in
Andromeda (RA 00 11 45.1, Dec +28 29 56)
Based on a recessional velocity of 8040 km/sec, PGC 816 is about 360 million light years away, in good agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 345 to 550 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 0.9 by 0.5 arcmin, it is about 90 thousand light years across. PGC 816 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 707, 762, 791, 896, 941 and 953.
Wikisky image of PGC 816
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 816
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 816

PGC 818 (=
NGC 38)
A magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy (type (R)SAa) in Pisces (RA 00 11 47.0, Dec -05 35 11)
(See NGC 38 for anything else.)

PGC 830
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type SA(s)cd) in
Andromeda (RA 00 12 01.3, Dec +26 23 36)
Based on a recessional velocity of 4505 km/sec, PGC 830 is about 200 million light years away, in good agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 170 to 200 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 1.2 by 0.7 arcmin, it is about 70 thousand light years across. The galaxy is listed as a member of the NGC 23 Group, along with NGC 1 and 26, and PGC 619, 654 and 912.
Wikisky image of PGC 830
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 830
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 830

PGC 836 (=
IC 3)
A 14th-magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E4?) in Pisces (RA 00 12 06.0, Dec -00 24 53)

PGC 852 (=
NGC 39)
A magnitude 13.5 spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)c) in Andromeda (RA 00 12 18.9, Dec +31 03 40)
(See NGC 39 for anything else.)

PGC 865 (=
NGC 41)
A magnitude 13.7 spiral galaxy (type Sd) in Pegasus (RA 00 12 48.0, Dec +22 01 24)
(See NGC 41 for anything else.)

PGC 867 (=
NGC 42)
A magnitude 13.8 lenticular galaxy (type E/S0) in Pegasus (RA 00 12 56.3, Dec +22 06 01)
(See NGC 42 for anything else.)

PGC 875 (=
NGC 43)
A magnitude 12.6 lenticular galaxy (type SAB0?) in Andromeda (RA 00 13 00.8, Dec +30 54 55)
(See NGC 43 for anything else.)

PGC 889
A 15th-(B)magnitude irregular galaxy (type Im) in
Pegasus (RA 00 13 17.7, Dec +17 01 45)
Based on a recessional velocity of 855 km/sec, PGC 889 is about 38 million light years away, in good agreement with a redshift-independent distance estimate of 40 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 2.4 by 0.3 arcmins, it is about 30 thousand light years across. It is possible that the galaxy is one of an interacting pair, given the nearby object to its southeast; but nothing is known of that object, so at this point that is merely a speculation. PGC 889 is listed as a member of the NGC 7814 Group, which also contains NGC 14, PGC 38 and 332.
Wikisky image of PGC 889
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 889
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC889

PGC 896
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sa?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 13 23.7, Dec +28 22 09)
Based on a recessional velocity of 7335 km/sec, PGC 896 is about 330 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.0 by 0.2 arcmin, it is about 95 thousand light years across. PGC 896 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 707, 762, 791, 816, 941 and 953.
Wikisky image of PGC 896
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 896
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 896

PGC 897 (=
IC 4)
A 13th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sc?) in Pegasus (RA 00 13 27.0, Dec +17 29 09)

PGC 912
A 17th-(B)magnitude barred spiral galaxy (type SBcd) in
Andromeda (RA 00 13 56.6, Dec +26 58 03)
Based on a recessional velocity of 4685 km/sec, PGC 912 is about 210 million light years away, in good agreement with redshift-independent distance estimates of 190 to 255 million light years. Given that and its apparent size of 1.4 by 0.4 arcmin, it is about 85 thousand light years across. The galaxy is listed as a member of the NGC 23 Group, along with NGC 1 and 26, and PGC 619, 654 and 830. Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 912 shows PGC 12, instead (this is a common Wikisky truncation error); use the position to search for the object.
Wikisky image of PGC 912
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 912
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Wikisky image of region near PGC 912

PGC 929 (=
NGC 48)
A magnitude 13.6 spiral galaxy (type SBbc? pec) in Andromeda (RA 00 14 02.2, Dec +48 14 06)
(See NGC 48 for anything else.)

PGC 930 (=
NGC 45)
A magnitude 10.6 spiral galaxy (type SA(s)dm) in Cetus (RA 00 14 04.0, Dec -23 10 52)
(See NGC 45 for anything else.)

PGC 941
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S0?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 14 12.7, Dec +28 32 42)
Based on a recessional velocity of 7140 km/sec, PGC 941 is about 320 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.55 by 0.5 arcmin, it is about 50 thousand light years across. PGC 941 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 707, 762, 791, 816, 896 and 953. Note: PGC 941 is not recognized by NED by its PGC number; use CGCG 499-084 for a search. Also, a Wikisky search for PGC 941 shows PGC 41, instead (an all too common truncation error); so use the position to search for the correct object.
Wikisky image of PGC 941
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 941
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown are the other members of WBL 006
Wikisky image of region near PGC 941

PGC 943
A 16th-(B)magnitude galaxy in
Cetus (RA 00 14 26, Dec -07 26 34)
Based on recessional velocity of 11165 km/sec, about 500 million light years away. At this distance, the expansion of the Universe during the half billion year light travel time means that the galaxy was about 20 million miles closer, or about 480 million light years away, when the light by which we see it was emitted. Given that and its apparent size of 0.3 by 0.3 arcmin, about 40 thousand light years across. Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 943 shows PGC 43, instead. This is a common Wikisky truncation error, and necessitates a search based on the coordinates.
Wikisky image of PGC 943
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 943, also showing PGC 1018921
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair, also showing NGC 50
Wikisky image of region near PGC 943

PGC 952 (=
NGC 49)
A magnitude 13.7 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in Andromeda (RA 00 14 22.4, Dec +48 14 48)
(See NGC 49 for anything else.)

PGC 953
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S0?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 14 27.0, Dec +28 30 50)
Based on a recessional velocity of 7230 km/sec, PGC 953 is about 320 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.4 by 0.3 arcmin, it is about 40 thousand light years across. PGC 953 is listed as a member of the NGC 22 Group of galaxies, which also includes PGC 687, 707, 762, 791, 816, 896 and 941. Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 953 shows PGC 53, instead (an all too common truncation error); so use the position to search for the correct object.
Wikisky image of PGC 953
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 953
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown are the other members of WBL 006
Wikisky image of region near PGC 953

PGC 967 (=
NGC 47 = NGC 58)
A magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy (type SB(rs)bc) in Cetus (RA 00 14 30.6, Dec -07 10 03)
(See NGC 47 and NGC 58 for anything else.)

PGC 970 (= PGC 1836128)
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type SB0/a) in
Andromeda (RA 00 14 34.2, Dec +28 27 02)
Based on a recessional velocity of 6815 km/sec, PGC 970 is about 305 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 1.1 by 0.6 arcmin, it is about 100 thousand light years across. Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 970 shows PGC 70, instead (an all too common truncation error); so use the position to search for the correct object.
Wikisky image of PGC 970
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 970
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown are the other members of WBL 006
Wikisky image of region near PGC 970

PGC 971
A magnitude 14.5(?) lenticular galaxy (type SB0(s)a? pec) in
Cetus (RA 00 14 40.4, Dec -07 17 45)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 5360 km/sec (and H0 = 70 km/sec/Mpc), PGC 971 is about 250 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of about 0.7 by 0.45 arcmin (from the images below), it is about 50 thousand light years across. Since the distance and direction of PGC 971 and 972 are nearly the same, they may be part of the same group of galaxies; but their relatively small size means they would have to be very close to have a significant gravitational effect on each other. Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 971 shows PGC 71, instead. This is a common Wikisky truncation error, and necessitates a search based on the coordinates; but a search for PGC 972 shows the correct object.
DSS image of region near PGC 971 and 972, also showing NGC 50
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 971 and 972, also showing NGC 50
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide DSS image of PGC 971 and 972
DSS image of lenticular galaxies PGC 971 and PGC 972
Below, a 0.6 arcmin wide PanSTARRS image of PGC 971
PanSTARRS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 971

PGC 972
A magnitude 15.5(?) lenticular galaxy (type S0(s)a? pec) in
Cetus (RA 00 14 41.1, Dec -07 16 47)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 5145 km/sec (and H0 = 70 km/sec/Mpc), PGC 972 is about 240 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of about 0.35 by 0.3 arcmin (from the images below), it is about 25 thousand light years across. Since the distance and direction of PGC 971 and 972 are nearly the same, they may be part of the same group of galaxies; but their relatively small size means they would have to be very close to have a significant gravitational effect on each other.
DSS image of region near PGC 971 and 972, also showing NGC 50
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 971 and 972, also showing NGC 50
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide DSS image of PGC 971 and 972
DSS image of lenticular galaxies PGC 971 and PGC 972
Below, a 0.6 arcmin wide PanSTARRS image of PGC 972
PanSTARRS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 972

PGC 974 (=
NGC 51)
A magnitude 13.1 lenticular galaxy (type S0(rs)a? pec) in Andromeda (RA 00 14 34.9, Dec +48 15 19)
See NGC 51 for anything else

PGC 977
A magnitude 12.6 double star in
Tucana (RA 00 14 49.0, Dec -60 18 59)
Misidentification As A Distant Galaxy: PGC 977 is merely a double star, but is misidentified as a galaxy in both LEDA and NED. LEDA has the correct position for the double star but lists the physical information for the galaxy, while NED has the correct position and physical information for the galaxy (APMUKS(BJ) B001214.36-603524.5, discussed in the following entry), but still misidentifies it as PGC 977. (In the image below the galaxy is shown as J001440.4-601838, corresponding to its J2000 coordinates.)
Truncation Error Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 977 suffers from a common truncation error for objects having a leading 9 in their designation, and shows PGC 77, instead. To see the correct object do a search for NGC 53, which as shown below is near both the double star and the galaxy so often confused with it.
de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxies image of NGC 53, showing PGC 977 and the galaxy often misidentified as PGC 977
Above, a 2.2 by 2.5 arcmin wide image of NGC 53 (which see for a wider-field image),
also showing PGC 977 and J001440.4-601838 (Image Credit de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxies)

APMUKS(BJ) B001214.36-603524.5 (= "J001440.4-601838", and not =
PGC 977)
Not a PGC object but listed here since often misidentified as PGC 977
A magnitude 17.5 galaxy (type E/S0??) in Tucana (RA 00 14 40.4, Dec -60 18 38)
Misidentification As PGC 977: As discussed in the entry for PGC 977, the galaxy discussed in this entry is often misidentified as that PGC object, and its physical information is therefore mistakenly attached to the double star that is actually the PGC object.
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 37300 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that APMUKS(BJ) B001214.36-603524.5 is about 1735 to 1740 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 1505 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1595 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of about 0.18 by 0.13 arcmin (from the image below), the galaxy is about 75 to 80 thousand light years across. The (very uncertain) galaxy type is based on the fact that the galaxy is far brighter in the red and infrared than in the blue and ultraviolet, which is more typical of elliptical and lenticular galaxies than spirals.
DSS image of the galaxy often misidentified as PGC 977
Above, a 0.4 arcmin wide DSS image of APMUKS(BJ) B001214.36-603524.5
For wider-field images see PGC 977 and NGC 53

PGC 978 (=
NGC 52)

PGC 982 (=
NGC 53)

PGC 983 (=
NGC 50)
A magnitude 12.3 lenticular galaxy (type E/SAB0?) in Cetus (RA 00 14 44.6, Dec -07 20 42)
For anything else, see NGC 50

PGC 996
A 15th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Cetus (RA 00 15 00, Dec -07 15 38)
Based on recessional velocity of 11085 km/sec, about 495 million light years away. At this distance, the expansion of the Universe during the half billion year light travel time means that the galaxy was about 20 million miles closer, or about 475 million light years away, when the light by which we see it was emitted. Given that and apparent size of 0.7 by 0.2 arcmin, about 100 thousand light years across. Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 996 shows PGC 6, instead. This is a common Wikisky truncation error, and necessitates a search based on the coordinates.
Wikisky image of PGC 996 and 1021824
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 996 and 1021824
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair, also showing NGC 50
Wikisky image of region near PGC 996
Celestial Atlas
PGC 1 - 499 ←     PGC Objects: PGC 500 - 999     → PGC 1000 - 1499