Celestial Atlas
Miscellaneous PGC Objects (PGC 130000+) Link for sharing this page on Facebook
(Temporary storage for items not assigned to a current catalog page)
     The original Principal Galaxies Catalog contained 73,197 entries. Subsequent revisions have increased this to more than three million entries. Such a vast number of objects cannot be properly covered on this site, and even deciding which of the entries to include and how to organize them is a daunting prospect. However, I plan to eventually include entries for every PGC object shown on one of the NGC/IC wide-field images, and some place needs to be provided for those objects which have been dealt with, but do not yet have a permanent page assigned. This page serves as a temporary site for such entries (to accommodate those who wish to link to one of the entries on this page, if an entry is moved to a permanent site, a link to that site will replace its entry on this page).

Page last updated Aug 15, 2016

PGC 135657
A magnitude 15.5(?) spiral galaxy (type S(rs)c? pec) in
Cetus (RA 02 40 11.1, Dec -01 46 28)
Physical Information: Apparent size 1.35 by 1.25 arcmin, including faint outer arms.
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 135657
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on PGC 135657
Below, a 1.8 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 135657

PGC 138155
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Pisces (RA 00 17 52, Dec +11 29 50)
Based on recessional velocity of 11390 km/sec, about 500 million light years away. Given that and starlike apparent size of 0.07 arcmin, perhaps 10 thousand light years across. In nearly the same direction as PGC 138157, which see for image.

PGC 138157
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Pisces (RA 00 17 54, Dec +11 29 35)
Based on recessional velocity of 26080 km/sec, about 1.15 billion light years away. Given that and starlike apparent size of 0.07 arcmin, perhaps 20 thousand light years across.
DSS of PGC 138155 and 138157
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 138155 and 138157; see NGC 63 for a wide-field image

PGC 138192 (= PGC 2010 =
NGC 135)

PGC 138202 (=
IC 36)

PGC 138206 (=
IC 41)

PGC 139241 (sometimes identified as but not =
NGC 3122)
A magnitude 14(?) spiral galaxy (type Sbc?) in Sextans (RA 10 06 17.2, Dec -06 34 27)
Since sometimes misidentified as NGC 3122, see here for anything else

PGC 139865
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Virgo (RA 12 28 02, Dec +11 40 50)
Listed in NED as SDSSJ122802.01+114049.6. Based on recessional velocity of 20820 km/sec, about 930 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.3 by 0.15 arcmin, about 80 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 139865
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 139865
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown are PGC 40916, 40953, 40995
(and at the lower edge, 41005), 169328, 169337 and 169351 (and at the upper edge, IC 3381)
SDSS image of PGC 139865

PGC 141041
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type SB?) in
Pegasus (RA 22 36 41, Dec +33 56 56)
Based on recessional velocity of 6055 km/sec, about 270 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin, about 40 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 141041
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 141041
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of PGC 141041

PGC 141134
See
PGC 141134, on NGC Objects 7750 - 7799

PGC 143572 (=
IC 27)

PGC 144318 (=
IC 158)

PGC 165298 (=
IC 15

PGC 165316 (=
IC 86)

PGC 169337
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Virgo (RA 12 27 52, Dec +11 37 02)
Identified in NED as VPC 559. Although the Virgo Photometry Catalogue is a list of galaxies in the area of the Virgo Cluster of galaxies, PGC 169337 is not a member of that cluster, but a very distant background object. Based on its recessional velocity of 26880 km/sec, it is about 1.2 billion light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.3 by 0.25 arcmin, it is about 100 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 169337
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 169337
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Also shown are (among others) PGC 40872 and 40953
SDSS image of PGC 169337

PGC 169351
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Virgo (RA 12 28 15, Dec +11 40 59)
Listed in NED as VPC 587. Although the Virgo Photometry Catalogue is a list of galaxies in the area of the Virgo Cluster of galaxies, PGC 169351 is not a member of that cluster, but a very distant background object. Based on its recessional velocity of 25730 km/sec, it is about 1.15 billion light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.25 by 0.15 arcmin, it is about 90 thousand light years across. PGC 169351 and 169360 have similar recessional velocities, and are probably about the same distance from us, so there is a chance that they are gravitationally bound.
SDSS image of PGC 169351
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 169351; see PGC 40995 for a wide-field image

PGC 169360
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Virgo (RA 12 28 35, Dec +11 41 27)
Listed in NED as VPC 604. Although the Virgo Photometry Catalogue is a list of galaxies in the area of the Virgo Cluster of galaxies, PGC 169360 is not a member of that cluster, but a very distant background object. Based on its recessional velocity of 25985 km/sec, it is about 1,15 billion light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.2 by 0.2 arcmin, it is about 70 thousand light years across. PGC 169360 and 169351 have similar recessional velocities, and are probably about the same distance from us, so there is a chance that they are gravitationally bound.
SDSS image of PGC 169360
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 169360
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy (labeling in progress)
SDSS image of PGC 169360

PGC 169363
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Virgo (RA 12 28 42, Dec +11 38 17)
Listed in NED as SDSSJ122841.89+113816.7. Based on recessional velocity of 26085 km/sec, about 1.15 billion light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.15 by 0.15 arcmin, about 60 thousand light years across. Given its proximity to PGC 169365 in direction and distance (as inferred from their recessional velocities), there is a good chance that the galaxies are gravitationally bound.
SDSS image of PGC 169363 and 169365
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 169363 and 169365
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the pair
SDSS image of region near PGC 169363 and 169365

PGC 169365
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Virgo (RA 12 28 44, Dec +11 38 10)
Listed in NED as VPC 614. Although the Virgo Photometry Catalogue is a list of galaxies in the area of the Virgo Cluster of galaxies, PGC 169365 is not a member of that cluster, but a very distant background object. Based on recessional velocity of 26010 km/sec, about 1.15 billion light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.3 by 0.1 arcmin, about 100 thousand light years across. Given its proximity to PGC 169363 (which see for views of the galaxies) in direction and distance (as inferred from their recessional velocities), there is a good chance that the galaxies are gravitationally bound.

SDSS J122838.80+113702.6
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type (R)SB?) in
Virgo (RA 12 28 39, Dec +11 37 03)
Although not an NGC/IC/PGC object, listed here because of brightness and proximity to listed objects
Based on its recessional velocity of 26130 km/sec, about 1.15 billion light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.25 by 0.2 arcmin, about 80 thousand light years across. Given its proximity to PGC 169363 and 169365 in direction and distance (as inferred from their recessional velocities), there is a good chance that the galaxies are gravitationally bound.
SDSS image of SDSS J122838.80+113702.6
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of SDSS J122838.80+113702.6; see PGC 169363 for a wide-field view

PGC 169366
(Shown on one of following pages: NGC 4452, IC 3381, PGC 40953, 40995 or 41005?)
SDSS image of PGC 169366

PGC 169367
(Shown on one of following pages: NGC 4452, IC 3381, PGC 40953, 40995 or 41005?)
SDSS image of PGC 169367

PGC 169886 (= part of
IC 3614)

PGC 169992 (=
IC 28)

PGC 173286 (=
IC 70)

PGC 185799
A magnitude 16(?) lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in
Telescopium (RA 19 50 29.2, Dec -51 21 42)
Apparent size 0.35 by 0.35 arcmin. Nothing else known. Type based on the image below, and given its poor quality, very uncertain.
DSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 185799
Above, a 0.6 arcmin wide DSS image of PGC 185799; southeast of IC 4900, which see for a wider image

PGC 198197
A 16th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 48 21.9, Dec -25 07 37)
(Usually referred to as 2MASX J00482185-2507365, but searchable on NED by its PGC listing.) Based on a recessional velocity of 19190 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that the galaxy is about 890 million light years away. However, at such distances, we must take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time the galaxy's light took to reach us. Doing so shows that the galaxy was 830 million light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, 855 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the space between it and us during that time). A Hubble news release (accompanying the closeup image below) states that the galaxy is about 780 million light years away, in reasonable agreement with the redshift distance. Using a distance of about 800 million light years and its apparent size of 0.42 by 0.25 arcmin suggests that PGC 198197 is about 100 thousand light years across (which also agrees with the estimate in the Hubble news release). Perhaps the most interesting feature of the galaxy is its nearly perfect alignment with another galaxy, HKW2009, an 18th-(B)magnitude foreground galaxy which appears about five times smaller, and being closer is suggested as being perhaps a tenth its size, or about 10 thousand light years across. The overlapping of the galaxies provides an unusually detailed view of the dusty outer regions of the foreground galaxy, and suggests that they extend several times as far from its core as the visible stars in its spiral structure (so that it is actually several times larger than it appears). It has been long known that many (if not most) galaxies have extensive "haloes" filled with gas, dust and other unseen material (such as "dark matter"), but it is unusual to find such an easy and exact way to study those regions.

Above, a half arcmin wide closeup of PGC 198197 and HKW2009
(Image Credits: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA))
Below, an 11 arcmin wide view showing PGC 198197's position relative to NGC 253 (Image Credits: ESO)
A very small portion of an ESO image of NGC 253, showing the location of PGC 198197

PGC 200252 (= "NGC 3040B")
A magnitude 15.0 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in
Leo (RA 09 53 03.5, Dec +19 26 33)
See "NGC 3040B" for anything else

PGC 200317 (with
PGC 51214 = Arp 45)

PGC 212468 (=
NGC 4)
A magnitude 15.9 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 00 07 24.4, Dec +08 22 26)
(See NGC 4 for anything else.)

PGC 212475
An 18th-magnitude galaxy (type Irr?) in Pisces (RA 00 08 30, Dec +04 37 08)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00082976+0437081
Apparent size 0.5 by 0.3 arcmins; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 212475
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 212475; also see the wide-field view of
NGC 12

PGC 212477
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 09 48, Dec +33 16 29)
Apparent size 0.6 by 0.25 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 212477
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 212477; also see wide-field view of NGC 20

PGC 212478
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) is
Pegasus (RA 00 09 46, Dec +27 53 14)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00094590+2753144
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.25 arcmin
DSS of PGC 212478
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 212478; also see wide-field view of NGC 22

PGC 212482
An 18th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
PGC 212482 (RA 00 11 37, Dec +06 25 59)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00113687+0626003. Apparent size 0.4 by 0.15 arcmin; nothing else available
SDSS image of region near PGC 212482
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide region centered on PGC 212482; also see NGC 36

PGC 212878 (with
PGC 7359 = Arp 56)
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in Aries (RA 01 57 25, Dec +17 13 04)
Listed in NED as UGC 01432 NOTES01. Apparent size 0.1 by 0.1 arcmin
If at same distance as PGC 7359 (which see for images), about 10 thousand light years across

PGC 213835
A magnitude 16.5(?) lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in
Ursa Major (RA 11 28 04.2, Dec +29 30 39)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 2220 km/sec, NGC 3687 is 100 to 105 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of about 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin, it is about 9 thousand light years across. The galaxy is listed in NED as 2MASXJ11280416+2930387, and as a starburst galaxy. Given the fact that its radial velocity is less than 300 km/sec smaller than that of its apparent companion (NGC 3687), it is possible that they are physical companions, and the somewhat peculiar appearance of the larger galaxy and the classification of the smaller galaxy as a starburst galaxy may at least indicate some kind of past interaction between the two; but I can find no mention of the possibility that they are connected, so barring further developments they should probably be treated as merely an optical double with a separation of 10 to 20 million light years, and their "peculiarities" as part of the normal range of galaxy types.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 213835, also showing part of NGC 3687
Above, a 0.6 arcmin wide SDSS image of PGC 213835; see NGC 3687 for more images

PGC 214261
A magnitude 14.5(?) lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in
Bo÷tes (RA 14 24 04.0, Dec +36 24 04)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 8540 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 214261 is about 395 to 400 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 385 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 390 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of about 0.85 by 0.25 arcmin, the galaxy is about 95 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of region near lenticular galaxy PGC 214261, also showing NGC 5616
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on PGC 214261, also showing NGC 5616
Below, a 1 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 214261

PGC 273945
A 16th-magnitude galaxy (type Irr S?) in
Tucana (RA 23 46 56, Dec -70 23 48)
About 0.3 by 0.3 arcmins apparent size
Near PGC 72371, which see for image of this galaxy

PGC 212906
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in
Pisces (RA 02 04 04.9, Dec +02 47 44)
Apparent size 0.65 by 0.1 arcmin; nothing else available. An optical double with IC 197, which see for images.

PGC 274070
A 14th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Tucana (RA 23 46 39, Dec -70 22 24)
About 0.3 by 0.3 arcmins apparent size
Near PGC 72371, which see for image of this galaxy

PGC 395160 (=
NGC 28 = PGC 730)
A magnitude 13.8 elliptical galaxy (type E0?) in Phoenix (RA 00 10 25.2, Dec -56 59 20)
(See NGC 28 for anything else.)

PGC 395521 (=
NGC 37 = PGC 801)
A magnitude 13.7 spiral galaxy (type (R')SAB0/a(s)?) in Phoenix (RA 00 11 22.9, Dec -56 57 26)
(See NGC 37 for anything else.)

PGC 212468 (=
NGC 4)
A magnitude 15.9 lenticular galaxy (type S0/a?) in Pisces (RA 00 07 24.4, Dec +08 22 26)
(See NGC 4 for anything else.)

PGC 446330
A magnitude 15.2 spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in
Telescopium (RA 19 58 48.2, Dec -52 16 33)
Based on a recessional velocity of 14825 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 446330 is about 690 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 650 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 665 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.7 by 0.2 arcmin, the galaxy is about 130 thousand light years across. Since its distance appears similar to that of IC 4917, they may be a physical pair; but there is no obvious interaction between them, so even if a physical pair they are probably a few million light years apart (as in the case of our galaxy and the Andromeda Galaxy).
DSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 446330
Above, a 0.8 arcmin wide DSS image of PGC 446330; west of IC 4917, which see for a wider view

PGC 723295
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 08 48.0, Dec -29 56 45)
Listed in NED as 2DFGRSS360Z141. Based on a recessional velocity of 41670 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 723295 is about 1.8 billion light years away. However, for such a distant object, we need to take into account the expansion of the Universe during its light's journey. Doing so shows that the galaxy was about 1.6 billion light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1.7 billion years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the Universal expansion during that time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.27 by 0.14 arcmin, it is about 125 thousand light years across.
DSS of PGC 723295
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide "closeup" of PGC 723295
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also see the wide-field image of NGC 7
(Only the objects shown on the image of NGC 7 have been labeled in this image; any others will be labeled at a later date)
DSS of region near PGC 723295

PGC 724741
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 07 55.2, Dec -29 49 17)
Listed in NED as 2DFGRSS359Z122. Based on a recessional velocity of 18375 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 724741 is about 820 million light years away. However, for such a distant object, we need to take into account the expansion of the Universe during its light's journey. Doing so shows that the galaxy was about 765 million light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, about 785 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the Universal expansion during that time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.23 by 0.18 arcmin, it is about 50 thousand light years across.
DSS of PGC 724741
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide "closeup" of PGC 724741; also shown is PGC 724757
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also see the wide-field image of NGC 7
(Most of the objects in this image will be labeled at a later date)
DSS of region near PGC 724741

PGC 724757
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 07 50.4, Dec -29 49 14)
Listed in NED as 2DFGRSS278Z243. Based on a recessional velocity of 41820 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 724741 is about 1.85 billion light years away. However, for such a distant object, we need to take into account the expansion of the Universe during its light's journey. Doing so shows that the galaxy was about 1.6 billion light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1.7 billion years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the Universal expansion during that time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.27 by 0.18 arcmin, it is about 125 thousand light years across. For images, see PGC 724751.

PGC 783199
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 09 42, Dec -25 02 55)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00094154-2502547
Apparent size 0.35 by 0.3 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 783199
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 783199; also see wide-field view of NGC 24

PGC 783608
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 10 11, Dec -25 00 46)
Not listed in NED. Apparent size 0.4 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 783608
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 783608; also see wide-field view of NGC 24

PGC 816443 (with
PGC 12989 = NGC 1347 = Arp 39)

PGC 886037
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Hydra (RA 10 35 15, Dec -17 16 02)
No NED entry. Apparent size 0.25 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
For images, see NGC 3290

PGC 896194
See
PGC 896194, on NGC Objects 7750 - 7799

PGC 919275 (=
IC 122)

PGC 937463
A 20th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 00 16 53, Dec -13 29 34)
Listed in NED as APMUKS(BJ) B001420.48-134614.0, with coordinates and apparent size (0.13 by 0.11 arcmin) suggesting that it is a very faint extension of PGC 937493. The DSS image does show a faint smudge which may be a separate object, but the SDSS image does not; so the object may not exist, or may be a duplicate listing of PGC 937493 (which see).

PGC 937493
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Cetus (RA 00 16 47, Dec -13 28 40)
Listed in NED as APMUKS(BJ) B001414.17-134520.7. Apparent size 0.6 by 0.3 arcmin; nothing else available. "Associated" with PGC 937463, which may be a faint extension of the spiral, an independent galaxy, a nonexistent object, or a duplicate listing.
SDSS image of PGC 937493 and (perhaps) PGC 937463
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 937493; for a wide-field view, see NGC 62

PGC 950887 (=
IC 95)

PGC 956278
A 16th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 00 11 04, Dec -12 11 59)
PGC identification is certain. Mousing over the Wikisky field near NGC 17 yields an identification as PGC 956278. Using the object's coordinates yields a NED listing for 2MASXJ00110416-1211586; HyperLeda then cross-references the object as PGC 956278, confirming the Wikisky identification. Note: searching for that name in Wikisky shows a completely different galaxy (PGC 56278); this is a common truncation error in the Wikisky search engine. Apparent size 0.45 by 0.3 arcmins; nothing else available.
DSS of PGC 956278
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 956278; also see the wide-field view of NGC 17

PGC 957826
A 17th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 00 11 34, Dec -12 05 17)
PGC identification is based on HyperLeda, and mousing over the Wikisky field near NGC 17. Not listed in NED. Note: searching for PGC 957826 in Wikisky shows a completely different galaxy (PGC 57826), a common truncation error in the Wikisky search engine; use its coordinates for the correct result. Apparent size 0.42 by 0.25 arcmins; nothing else available.
DSS of PGC 957826
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide region centered on PGC 957826; also see the wide-field view of NGC 35

PGC 958282
An 18th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 00 11 26, Dec -12 03 20)
No NED entry. Apparent size 0.3 by 0.15 arcmins; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 958282
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 958282; also see wide-field views of NGC 17 and 35

PGC 958866
A 17th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 00 11 20, Dec -12 00 44)
No NED entry. Apparent size 0.4 by 0.25 arcmins; nothing else available
Note: A Wikisky search for PGC 958866 shows PGC 58866; use its coordinates for the correct result
DSS of PGC 958866
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 958866; also see wide-field view of NGC 17

PGC 1053358
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 02 24 11, Dec -04 47 45)
Listed in NED as APMUKS(BJ) B022141.06-050119.0
Apparent size 0.25 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 1053358
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 1053358; also see PGC 1053379

PGC 1053379
A 16th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Cetus (RA 02 23 55, Dec -04 47 39)
Based on recessional velocity of 13350 km/sec, about 600 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.45 by 0.45 arcmin, about 80 thousand light years across. PGC 1053379, 9113 (and presumably 9107), 1054270 and 3080366 all have similar recessional velocities (and presumably, distances). As a result, they may be a gravitationally bound group.
DSS of PGC 1053379
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 1053379
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; at top are PGC 9113 and 9107
Also shown are PGC Objects 1053358, 1054270, 1054693 and 3080366
DSS of region near PGC 1053379

PGC 1054270
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Cetus (RA 02 23 57, Dec -04 43 57)
Based on recessional velocity of 13175 km/sec, about 590 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.65 by 0.15 arcmin, about 110 thousand light years across. PGC 1054270, 9113 (and presumably 9107), 1053379 and 3080366 all have similar recessional velocities (and presumably, distances). As a result, they may be a gravitationally bound group.
DSS of PGC 1054270
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 1054270; also see PGC 9113

PGC 1054693
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Cetus (RA 02 24 15.5, Dec -04 41 53)
Listed in NED as APMUKS(BJ) B022145.06-045527.1
Apparent size 0.45 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 1054693
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 1054693; also see PGC 9113

PGC 1097822 (with
PGC 30600 (= IC 609) = Arp 44)

PGC 1152096
An 18th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Pisces (RA 00 00 02, Dec -00 05 33)
Based on recessional velocity of 23430 km/sec, about 1 billion light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.25 by 0.15 arcmins, about 75 thousand light years in diameter.
SDSS image of PGC 1152096
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1152096
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on PGC 7
SDSS image of region near PGC 1152096

PGC 1175571 (=
IC 88)

PGC 1230543 (=
IC 91)

PGC1301720
A 12th-magnitude star in
Pisces (RA 00 19 10, Dec +06 29 29)
Shown on the wide-field view of NGC 75

PGC 1341667
An 18th-magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Pisces (RA 00 07 27, Dec +08 12 21)
Listed in NED as 2MASX J00072729+0812213. Apparent size 0.28 by 0.22 arcmin; nothing else available
SDSS image of PGC 1341667
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1341667; also see wide-field view of NGC 3

PGC 1342413
A 16th-magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Pisces (RA 00 07 41, Dec +08 14 06)
Listed in NED as 2MASX J00074110+0814053. Apparent size 0.6 by 0.45 arcmins; nothing else available
SDSS image of PGC 1342413
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1342413; also see wide-field view of NGC 3

PGC 1455622
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Coma Berenices (RA 13 16 37, Dec +14 20 30)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ13163736+1420297. Based on recessional velocity of 57780 km/sec (nearly 20% the speed of light), about 2.6 billion light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.17 by 0.13 arcmin, about 125 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 1455622
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the region near PGC 1455622
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown are PGC 46225, 46234, and 1457659
SDSS image of region near PGC 1455622

PGC 1457659 (with
PGC 46225 = Arp 57)
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in Coma Berenices (RA 13 16 48, Dec +14 25 15)
Listed in NED as Arp57 NED02. Apparent size 0.25 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available. See PGC 46225 for images.

PGC 1458619
An 18th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Coma Berenices (RA 13 16 37, Dec +14 27 29)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ13163675+1427287. Based on recessional velocity of 31140 km/sec (about 10% of the speed of light), about 1.4 billion light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.35 by 0.15 arcmin, about 130 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 1458619
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the region near PGC 1458619
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Also shown in the wide-field view are PGC 46225, 46234, 1457659 and 1459772
SDSS image of region near PGC 1458619

PGC 1459772
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Coma Berenices (RA 13 16 39, Dec +14 29 59)
Listed in NED as SDSSJ131638.55+142958.7. Based on recessional velocity of 17995 km/sec), about 800 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.2 by 0.15 arcmin, about 50 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 1459772
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the region near PGC 1459772
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Also shown in the wide-field view are PGC 46225, 46234, 1457659, 1458619 and 1461197
SDSS image of region near PGC 1459772

PGC 1461197
A 17th-(B)magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Coma Berenices (RA 13 16 32, Dec +14 33 32)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ13163200+1433327. Based on recessional velocity of 19765 km/sec, about 880 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.25 by 0.25 arcmin, about 60 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 1461197
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the region near PGC 1461197
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown are PGC 1459772 and 1463376
SDSS image of region near PGC 1461197

PGC 1463376
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Coma Berenices (RA 13 16 49, Dec +14 38 43)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ13164943+1438429. Based on recessional velocity of 49800 km/sec (more than 15% of the speed of light), about 2.2 billion light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.25 by 0.15 arcmin, about 160 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 1463376
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of the region near PGC 1463376
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy; also shown is PGC 1461197
SDSS image of region near PGC 1463376

PGC 1495040
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 08 46, Dec +15 51 42)
Listed in NED as SDSS J000846.00+155142.2. Based on recessional velocity of 12125 km/sec, about 540 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.32 by 0.21 arcmins, about 50 thousand light years in diameter.
SDSS image of PGC 1495040
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1495040; also see wide-field view of NGC 14

PGC 1496172
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 09 02, Dec +15 54 34)
Listed in NED as 2MASX J00090205+1554338. Based on recessional velocity of 20895 km/sec, about 930 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.39 by 0.23 arcmins, about 100 thousand light years in diameter.
SDSS image of PGC 1496172
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1496172; also see wide-field view of NGC 14

PGC 1496365
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 09 08, Dec +15 55 04)
Listed in NED as SDSS J000907.76+155504.3. Based on recessional velocity of 16870 km/sec, about 750 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.39 by 0.16 arcmins, about 85 thousand light years in diameter.
SDSS image of PGC 1496365
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1496365

PGC 1570691
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 11 05, Dec +18 47 58)
Not listed in NED. Apparent size 0.35 by 0.25 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of region near PGC 1570691
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the region near PGC 1570691; also see NGC 32

PGC 1591421
A magnitude 15.5(?) lenticular galaxy (type (R)S0(rs)a?) in
Leo (RA 09 53 05.1, Dec +19 24 50)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 7355 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 1591421 is between 340 and 345 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was between 330 and 335 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, between 335 and 340 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.35 by 0.35 arcmin, the galaxy is about 35 thousand light years across.
     Since PGC 1591421's recessional velocity is only 260 km/sec less than that of NGC 3040, it is possible that instead of being the best part of 10 to 15 million light years apart the two galaxies might be a physical pair; but unlike the certainly incorrect pairing of NGC 3040 with PGC 200252, no one seems to have given any thought to the possibility that PGC 1591421 might be involved with the NGC object.
SDSS image of lenticular galaxy PGC 1591421
Above, a 0.6 arcmin wide SDSS image of PGC 1591421; see NGC 3040 for a wider view

PGC 1670567
A magnitude 15.5 lenticular galaxy (type S0?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 22 13.8, Dec +22 28 26)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 5855 km/sec, PGC 1670567 is about 275 million light years away. Given that and its apparent size of 0.4 by 0.25 arcmin, it is about 30 thousand light years across. Barring a very large peculiar (non-Hubble expansion) velocity relative to NGC 94, the two galaxies are probably companions, and perhaps a gravitationally bound pair.
Superposition of SDSS and Mount Lemmon Skycenter images of lenticular galaxy PGC 1670567
Above, a 0.55 arcmin wide image of PGC 1670567; see NGC 94 for wider-field images
(Superposition of SDSS and Mount Lemmon SkyCenter images (see NGC 94 for © information); used by permission)

PGC 1754508 (= PGC 1754516)
An 18th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 09 34, Dec +25 54 17)
Not listed in NED. Apparent size 0.3 by 0.15 arcmin; nothing else available
SDSS image of region near PGC 1754508
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 1754508; also see wide-field view of NGC 23

PGC 1762846
(to be added ASAP)

PGC 1757813 (= PGC 1757814)
An 18th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 10 13, Dec +25 58 48)
Not listed in NED. Apparent size 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
SDSS image of region near PGC 1757813
Above, a 2.4 arcmin closeup of PGC 1757813; also see wide-field view of NGC 23

PGC 1762846 (and with
SDSS J131446.02+260629.8 = Arp 60)
A 16th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in Coma Berenices (RA 13 14 47.1, Dec +26 06 25)
Arp's Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies does not always make it clear which object is the one shown for a given Arp listing. One unfortunate result of this is that most references show different entries, or even no entry at all for Arp 60 (Examples: A Wikimedia listing of Arp objects simply identifies it as "Arp 60". A Wikisky search for Arp 60 shows an essentially empty field about 2 arcmin south of the correct position. A LEDA search for Arp 60 yields PGC 46036, which is about 3 arcmin northwest of the correct position.) Fortunately, the correct object (PGC 1762846, as shown above) does lie within the general area of the incorrect listings, and an NED search for Arp 60 shows the correct object (though unfortunately, with an image so poor that it is hard to accept it as an example of a spiral galaxy with a small high surface brightness companion, which is a requirement for Arp listings in this numerical range; it also doesn't help that the only NED entry that allows a comparison with the LEDA database is the object's 2MASS position). Still, as the top two images below show, the field of view for that galaxy is the same as the one in Arp's catalog, so the identification above is certain.
    Based on a recessional velocity of 21520 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 1762846 is just over 1000 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us into account. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 920 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 955 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.35 by 0.35 arcmin, the galaxy is about 95 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of spiral galaxy PGC 1762846, which is the main component of Arp 60, and its apparent companion, SDSS J131446.02+260629.8
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of the region near PGC 1762846 (compare to the image below)
Below, the corresponding Arp Atlas plate verifies the identification (Image Credits: Arp Atlas)
Arp Atlas image of Arp 60, oriented to verify that PGC 1762846 and SDSS J131446.02+260629.8 are the correct identification
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 1762846 and its apparent companion, SDSS J131446.02+260629.8, which comprise Arp 60
Below, a labeled view of same field also shows PGC Objects 46036, 1759456, 1762076 and 1762948
SDSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 1762846 and its apparent companion, SDSS J131446.02+260629.8, which comprise Arp 60; also shown are PGC 46036, 1759456, 1762076 and 1762948

SDSS J131446.02+260629.8 (with
PGC 1762846 = Arp 60)
Not a PGC object, but listed here as the companion that makes PGC 1762846 = Arp 60
An 18th or 19th type galaxy (type S? Irr?) in Coma Berenices (RA 13 14 46.0, Dec +26 06 30)
Nothing known save for its apparent size of 0.16 by 0.07. If at the same distance as PGC 1762846 (which see for images), about 40 thousand light years across; but in the absence of further evidence, the two galaxies may be merely an optical double.

PGC 1770479
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type Sb?) in
Coma Berenices (RA 12 39 02.8, Dec +26 17 19)
Vr 22825 km/sec (z = 0.076135), apparent size 0.4 by 0.15 arcmin. In close proximity to IC 3614, which see for images.

PGC 1801452
A 16th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Pegasus (RA 23 39 02, Dec +27 13 24)
Part of Abell 2634, the Pegasus II cluster of galaxies. Based on recessional velocity of 10370 km/sec, about 460 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.6 by 0.4 arcmins, about 80 thousand light years in diameter. See PGC 85597 for a closeup of PGC 1801452, and PGC 72000 for a wide-field view of the region around these galaxies.

PGC 1816642 = PGC 1816670
A 17th-magnitude spiral galaxy (type S?) in
Pegasus (RA 00 08 41, Dec +27 44 13)
NED lists as 2MASXJ00084122+2744128. Apparent size 0.25 by 0.17 arcmins; nothing else available.
DSS of PGC 1816642
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 1816642; also see the wide-field image of NGC 16

PGC 1818016
An 11th-magnitude star in
Pegasus (RA 00 07 02, Dec +27 47 23)
See NGC 1 for a wide-field image showing PGC 1818016

PGC 1874251
A 12th-magnitude star in
Andromeda (RA 00 22 41, Dec +29 40 39)
See the wide-field view NGC 97 for the position of the putative PGC object

PGC 1879115
A 10th-magnitude star in
Andromeda (RA 00 22 25, Dec +29 48 50)
DSS of region near NGC 97
See the wide-field view NGC 97 for the position of the putative PGC object

PGC 1887687
A 15th magnitude UV source in
Andromeda (RA 00 18 37.8, Dec +30 02 10)
Probably a stellar source, based on its appearance in the image shown for PGC 1208

PGC 2018395
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 10 54, Dec +32 56 57)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00105430+3256572
Apparent size 0.25 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2018395
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2018395
Also shown in wide-field view of PGC 2019088 and NGC 19

PGC 2184190
(Due to work on unknown page -- presumably obvious if do wide-field image)
SDSS image of PGC 2184190

PGC 2184380
(Due to work on unknown page -- presumably obvious if do wide-field image)
SDSS image of PGC 2184380

PGC 2018931
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 11 18, Dec +32 57 53)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00111798+3257534
Apparent size 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2018931
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2018931
Also shown in wide-field view of PGC 2019088

PGC 2019088
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 10 57, Dec +32 58 11)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00105708+3258112
Apparent size 0.35 by 0.2; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2019088
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2019088
Below, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the galaxy
Also shown are NGC 19, PGC 2018395, 2018931 and 2019785
DSS of region near PGC 2019088

PGC 2019785
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 10 56, Dec +32 59 22)
Not listed in NED. Apparent size 0.5 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2019785
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2019785
Shown in wide-field view of PGC 2019088 and NGC 19

PGC 2022467
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 10 41, Dec +33 04 25)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00104062+3304251
Apparent size 0.35 by 0.25 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2022467
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2022467; also see wide-field view of NGC 19

PGC 2026460 (= PGC 2026461)
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 09 43, Dec +33 12 37)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00094316+3312371
Apparent size 0.3 by 0.25 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2026460
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2026460; also see wide-field view of NGC 20

PGC 2027085 (= PGC 2027086)
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 09 26, Dec +33 14 00)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00092569+3313599
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.25 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2027085
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2027085; also see wide-field view of NGC 20

PGC 2027809
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Andromeda (RA 00 11 06, Dec +33 15 38)
Listed in NED as 2MASXJ00110586+3315382
Apparent size 0.45 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2027809
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2027809; also see wide-field view of NGC 29

PGC 2030408
Listed in NED as SDSS J085240.62+332151.6
A 16th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type Sb?) in
Lynx (RA 08 52 41, Dec +33 21 52)
Based on recessional velocity of 18370 km/sec, about 800 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.8 by 0.25 arcmin, about 200 thousand light years across. Note: Wikisky does not recognize the PGC number. Use the coordinates to search for the galaxy.
SDSS image of PGC 2030408
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2030408; also see wide-field view of NGC 2683

PGC 2032797
Listed in NED as SDSS J085216.11+332824.3
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Lynx (RA 08 52 16, Dec +33 28 34)
Based on recessional velocity of 12835 km/sec, about 600 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.4 by 0.2 arcmin, about 65 thousand light years across. Note: Wikisky does not recognize the PGC number. Use the coordinates to search for the galaxy.
SDSS image of PGC 2032797
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2032797; also see wide-field view of NGC 2683

PGC 2100845 = PGC 2100846
An 18th-magnitude spiral galaxy in
Pisces (RA 00 08 12, Dec +37 26 31)
Apparent size 0.4 by 0.2 arcmins; nothing else available
DSS of PGC 2100845
Above, a 1.2 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2100845

PGC 2239251
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Lynx (RA 09 15 51, Dec +44 12 49)
Listed in NED as SDSSJ091551.05+441249.2. Based on recessional velocity of 9640 km/sec, about 430 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.3 by 0.2 arcmin, about 40 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 2239251
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2239251; for wide-field view, see PGC 26124

PGC 2242096
An 18th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Lynx (RA 09 16 00, Dec +44 20 35)
Listed in NED as SDSSJ091559.93+442034.6. Apparent size 0.45 by 0.2 arcmin; nothing else available
SDSS image of PGC 2242096
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2242096
Also shown are PGC Objects 26132, 82353, and 3098124 (See PGC 26132 for wide-field view)

PGC 2242434
A 17th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type BlueCG) in
Lynx (RA 09 15 46, Dec +44 21 25)
Listed in NED as SDSS J091545.81+442124.3. Based on recessional velocity of 11775 km/sec, about 525 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.3 by 0.1 arcmin, about 45 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of PGC 2242434
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 2242434; for wide-field view, see PGC 26132

PGC 2714500
An 11th-magnitude star in
Camelopardalis (RA 03 48 39.8, Dec +68 14 04)
DSS of region near PGC 2714500
Above, a 12 arcmin wide region centered on the supposed PGC object
The glow at lower right is the northeastern rim of IC 342

PGC 2802352 (with
PGC 52803 = Arp 47)

PGC 2819260 (= 4C+15.03)
A radio source in ? (RA 00 23 35, Dec +15 44 36)
No visible object exists at the location, but a number of very faint galaxies lie near it
SDSS image of region near PGC 2819260
Above, an extreme contrast 2.4 arcmin wide SDSS view centered on the position (indicated by a + sign)
Below, a more normal contrast 12 arcmin wide view centered on the position
SDSS image of region near PGC 2819260

PGC 2923327 (=
NGC 40)
A magnitude 12.3 planetary nebula in Cepheus (RA 00 13 01.0, Dec +72 31 19)
(See NGC 40 for anything else.)

PGC 3080366
A 16th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Cetus (RA 02 24 04, Dec -04 48 12)
Based on recessional velocity of 13140 km/sec, about 590 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.6 by 0.6 arcmin, about 100 thousand light years across. PGC 3080366, 9113 (and presumably 9107), 1053379 and 1054270 all have similar recessional velocities (and presumably, distances). As a result, they may be a gravitationally bound group.
DSS of PGC 3080366
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide region centered on PGC 3080366; also see PGC 1053379

PGC 3093693 (=
IC 47)

PGC 3096774 (with
PGC 47334 = IC 4271 = Arp 40)

PGC 3098124 (with
PGC 26132, = Arp 55)
A 16th-magnitude galaxy (type ?) in Lynx (RA 09 15 55, Dec +44 19 52)
Listed in NED as UGC 04881 NED02. Based on recessional velocity of 11780 km/sec, about 530 million light years away. Given that and apparent size of 0.2 by 0.15 arcmin, about 30 thousand light years across. Its larger companion (PGC 26132, which see for images of the pair) is listed in NED as UGC 04881 NED01. Its recessional velocity of 11920 km/sec would imply it is at essentially the same distance, even without the obvious interaction between the two galaxies. Note: The only magnitude listed is for radio wavelengths, so the optical magnitude is based on a comparison of its appearance to that of its companion and nearby galaxies of known brightness. The actual value could be as much as a magnitude fainter.


PGC 3111352
An 18th-(B)magnitude elliptical galaxy (type E4?) in
Pisces (RA 00 16 00, Dec -00 18 18)
Listed in NED as SDSSJ001559.71-001817.7. Based on its recessional velocity of 11910 km/sec, its light took about 530 million years to reach us, and it was about 510 million light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted (the difference in the two numbers being caused by the expansion of the Universe during that journey). It is almost certainly at the same distance as NGC 60, which is presumably distorted as a result of their gravitational interaction. Given its distance and an apparent size of 0.35 by 0.2 arcmin, the smaller galaxy is about 50 thousand light years across.
SDSS image of NGC 60, also showing PGC 3111352 and 4676913
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 3111352 and NGC 60, which see for a wide-field image

PGC 3194215
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 08 30.2, Dec -29 55 02)
Listed in NED as 2DFGRSS359Z106 . Based on a recessional velocity of 47695 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 3194215 is about 2.13 billion light years away. However, for such a distant object we have to take into account the expansion of the Universe during its light's journey. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 1.8 billion light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1.9 billion years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the Universal expansion during that time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.18 by 0.14 arcmin, it is about 90 thousand light years across.
DSS of PGC 3194215
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide "closeup" of PGC 3194215; for a wide-field image, see NGC 7

PGC 3194224
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type ?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 08 13.4, Dec -29 55 59)
Listed in NED as 2DFGRSS359Z113. Based on a recessional velocity of 37425 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 3194224 is about 1.67 billion light years away. However, for such a distant object we have to take into account the expansion of the Universe during its light's journey. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 1.45 billion light years away when the light by which we see it was emitted, about 1.55 billion years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the Universal expansion during that time). Given that and its apparent size of 0.19 by 0.15 arcmin, it is about 80 thousand light years across.
DSS of PGC 3194224
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide "closeup" of PGC 3194224
Also shown are PGC 3194227 and NGC 7 (which see for a wide-field image)

PGC 3194227
A 19th-(B)magnitude galaxy (type S?) in
Sculptor (RA 00 08 11.6, Dec -29 55 21)
Listed in NED as 2DFGRSS359Z115. Apparent size 0.3 by 0.13 arcmin; nothing else available
See PGC 3194224 for a "closeup" of PGC 3194227; for a wide-field image, see NGC 7

A search for PGC objects with designations greater than about 3500000 returns no result
Therefore, at some point such objects will be moved to another page

PGC 4126457
A mangitude 18(?) compact galaxy (type S0/a?) in
Bo÷tes (RA 14 30 35.6, Dec +11 52 27)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 54705 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 4126457 is about 2550 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 2070 to 2075 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 2255 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of about 0.06 by 0.04arcmin, the galaxy is about 35 thousand light years across. Given its enormous distance, although it appears to be on the western rim of NGC 5647, it is actually many times further away. (Note: The galaxy is usually referred to as SDSS J143035.62+115226.5, but is also listed in LEDA as PGC 4126457; however, a search of the database for the PGC designation returns no result.)
SDSS image showing PGC 4126457, NGC 5647, and some other apparent companions of the NGC object
Above, a 1.4 arcmin wide SDSS image showing PGC 4126457 and NGC 5647
Below, a 0.6 arcmin wide SDSS image showing the PGC object and only part of the NGC object
SDSS image of PGC 4126457 and part of NGC 5647

PGC 4676913
An elliptical galaxy (type E5?) or emission region in
Pisces (RA 00 15 59, Dec -00 17 53)
Not listed in NED. Either a star-forming region in NGC 60, or (perhaps more likely) a background galaxy of unknown distance. Apparent size about 4 by 2 arcsec, but in the absence of any further information, its actual size is unknown.
SDSS image of NGC 60, also showing PGC 3111352 and 4676913
Above, a 2.4 arcmin wide closeup of PGC 4676913 and NGC 60, which see for a wide-field image

PGC 4677013 = (PGC 4677027)
A star-forming region in
NGC 99 (RA 00 24 01, Dec +15 46 04)
Listed in HyperLeda as a galaxy, but without any information save for its position, which is the same as what appears to be a star-forming region in NGC 99 (as shown in the 2.4 arcmin wide view below). Note: Presumably the same object as PGC 4677027, as their listed positions are identical.
SDSS image of NGC 99, showing putative PGC 4677013

PGC 4677027 (=
PGC 4677013)

PGC 5072710 (Pisces A)
A magnitude 17(?) irregular galaxy (type Irr?) in
Pisces (RA 00 14 46.0, Dec +10 48 47)
Physical Information: PGC 5072710's recessional velocity of 235 km/sec is too small to be a reliable distance indicator, peculiar (non-Hubble expansion) velocities being comparable to its Hubble expansion velocity, so the corresponding Hubble distance of only 10 million light years is only about half the best current redshift-independent distance estimate of about 20 million light years. Given that and the galaxy's apparent size of about 0.65 by 0.45 arcmin (from the HST image below), it is about 3600 light years across, making it a dwarf irregular. Like Pisces B, it is believed that the galaxy had little opportunity to form stars while it was in the Local Void, a nearly empty region about 150 million light years across, but its motion through space has moved it into a region filled with other galaxies and intergalactic material, and triggered a burst of star formation less than a hundred million years ago. For a detailed NASA post about the galaxy, use the link in the credit line for the HST image. Note: Though listed as PGC 5072710 in the LEDA database, a search of the database for that designation returns no result; a useful search requires the name Pisces A (this is generally true for any LEDA entry above about PGC 3500000, making the PGC designation useful only as a way of deciding where to put the object in a catalog such as this one).
SDSS image of region near the dwarf irregular galaxy Pisces A
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on Pisces A
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of the dwarf irregular galaxy Pisces A
Below, a 1.2 arcmin wide HST image of the same region (Image Credit NASA, ESA, and E. Tollerud (STScI))
HST image of the dwarf irregular galaxy Pisces A

PGC 5072711 (Pisces B)
A magnitude 17(?) irregular galaxy (type Irr?) in
Pisces (RA 01 19 11.7, Dec +11 07 18)
Physical Information: PGC 5072711's recessional velocity of 620 km/sec is too small to be a reliable distance indicator, peculiar (non-Hubble expansion) velocities being comparable to its Hubble expansion velocity, but the corresponding Hubble distance of 25 to 30 million light years is close to the best current redshift-independent distance estimate of about 30 million light years. Given that and the galaxy's apparent size of about 0.5 by 0.25 arcmin (from the HST image below), it is about 4200 light years across, making it a dwarf irregular. Like Pisces A, it is believed that the galaxy had little opportunity to form stars while it was in the Local Void, a nearly empty region about 150 million light years across, but its motion through space has moved it into a region filled with other galaxies and intergalactic material, and triggered a burst of star formation less than a hundred million years ago. For a detailed NASA post about the galaxy, use the link in the credit line for the HST image. Note: Though listed as PGC 5072711 in the LEDA database, a search of the database for that designation returns no result; a useful search requires the name Pisces B (this is generally true for any LEDA entry above about PGC 3500000, making the PGC designation useful only as a way of deciding where to put the object in a catalog such as this one).
SDSS image of region near the dwarf irregular galaxy Pisces B
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered on Pisces B, also showing NGC 5645 and PGC 5523597
Below, a 1 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of the dwarf irregular galaxy Pisces B
Below, a 1 arcmin wide HST image of the same region (Image Credit NASA, ESA, and E. Tollerud (STScI))
HST image of the dwarf irregular galaxy Pisces B

PGC 5523597
A magnitude ? galaxy (type unknown) in
Virgo (RA 14 30 41.7, Dec +07 14 25)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity of 127130 km/sec, a straightforward calculation indicates that PGC 5523597 is about 5920 million light years away. However, for objects at such distances we should take into account the expansion of the Universe during the time it took their light to reach us. Doing that shows that the galaxy was about 2350 million light years away at the time the light by which we see it was emitted, about 4510 million years ago (the difference between the two numbers being due to the expansion of the intervening space during the light-travel time). Given that and its apparent size of about 0.5 by 0.5 arcmin, the galaxy is about 35 thousand light years across. (Note: NED lists this galaxy as SDSS J143041.72+071424.5, while LEDA lists it as SDSSJ143041.73+071424.5 and as PGC 5523597, but a search of the database for the PGC designation returns no result.)
SDSS image of region near distant galaxy PGC 5523597
Above, a 12 arcmin wide SDSS image centered near PGC 5523597, also showing NGC 5645 and Pisces B
Below, a 0.6 arcmin wide SDSS image of the galaxy
SDSS image of distant galaxy PGC 5523597
Celestial Atlas
Miscellaneous PGC Objects (PGC 130000+)
(Temporary storage for items not assigned to a current catalog page)