Celestial Atlas
Historical Reference Papers for the NGC / IC Objects Link for sharing this page on Facebook
(work in progress)
Page last updated Apr 28, 2017
Completed basic list; working on URLs for online papers & those not in Steinicke's list

     This (incomplete) listing of the reference papers for the NGC/IC objects is based on Wolfgang Steinicke's list of such papers (indicated by S and a number if from his list), supplemented by papers not in his list (indicated by the author's initials and publication date). The entire list is in alphabetical order, to allow easy access to papers by a given author. When complete it will include links to online versions of all the papers, almost entirely located on other websites, but if no longer available anywhere else, backed up on this site (though hopefully, their presence on this page will eventually cause them to be backed up on the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine, which is already the repository for many of them).

What To Do If A Link Below Is Broken
     Sometimes websites or pages disappear or are moved, and their links no longer work. If any of the links below fail to work, let me know and I'll try to fix the problem.

The New General Catalogue, Index Catalogue, and Second Index Catalogue
Modern Sites Devoted to Historical Study of the NGC/IC Objects
Corwin, Harold, Historically-aware NGC/IC Positions and Notes
Gottlieb, Steve, Steve Gottlieb's NGC Notes
Steinicke, Wolfgang, Astronomy

Reference Papers for the NGC/IC Objects
Ab1868 Abbott, Francis, 1868, On the variability of Eta Argus and Surrounding Nebula, MNRAS 28, pp. 200 - 202
Ab1871 Abbott, Francis, 1871, Some Further Observations of Eta Argus, MNRAS 31, pp. 226 - 235 (with comments and letters by various individuals including John Herschel and Royal Astronomer Airy)
S1. Aitken, Robert, 1900, A New Planetary Nebula, PASP 12, p. 203
S2. Aratos, "Phainomeina"
S3. Archenhold, Friedrich, 1892, Ein ausgedehnter Nebel bei ξ Persei, AN 129, pp. 153 - 158
S4. Al-Sufi, 964, Book of Fixed Stars (link is to 1874 French and Arabic translation/transcription by H. C. F. C. Schjellerup, not to the original Arabic text and images; if anyone knows of a link to the original, please let me know)
S5. Auwers, Arthur von, 1862, Aus einem Schreiben des Herrn Dr. Auwers, AN 58, pp. 361 - 364
AA1862 Auwers, Arthur von, 1862, Verzeichniss der Oerter von vierzig Nebelflecken, AN 58, pp. 369 - 378
S6. Auwers, Arthur von, 1862, William Herschel's Verzeichnisse von Nebelflecken und Sternhaufen, Königsberg, pp. 154 - 227
S7. Auwers, Arthur von, 1856, Entdeckung eines neuen Nebelflecks, Unterhaltungen im Gebiete der Astronomie, Geographie und Meteorologie 10, p. 292
AG1836 Airy, George, 1836, History of nebulae and clusters of stars, MNRAS 3, pp. 167 - 174 (see yellow comments)

S8. Bailey, Solon, 1908, A Catalogue of Bright Clusters and Nebulae, Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, pp. 199 - 229 plus 5 plates
S9. Barnard, Edward, 1884, A New and Faint Nebulosity, Sid. Mess. 3, p. 96
S10. Barnard, Edward, 1885, New Nebulae, Obs. 8, p. 123
S11. Barnard, Edward, 1886, ??, Sid. Mess. 5, p. 25
S12. Barnard, Edward, 1890, A Cluster of eighteen small Nebulae discovered with the 36 inch Refractor of the Lick Observatory, AN 125, p. 379
S13. Barnard, Edward, 1891, A new Planetary Nebula, AN 126, p. 277
S14. Barnard, Edward, 1891, On the Nebulosities of the Pleiades and on a New Merope Nebula, AN 126, p. 293
S15. Barnard, Edward, 1891, On an Early Search for Winnecke's Comet Before Perihelion, AN, 127, p. 231
S16. Barnard, Edward, 1892, Two Probably Variable Nebulae, AN 130, p. 7
S17. Barnard, Edward, 1892, A New Nebulous Star, and Corections to Dreyer's NGC, AN 130, pp. 77 - 80
BE1892.1 Barnard, Edward, 1892, (the article corrected in BE1892.2 and BE1892.3. about the future IC 1470), AJ 11, issue 261, p. ??
BE1892.2 Barnard, Edward, 1892, Errata [A new nebula], AJ 12, p. 16
BE1892.3 Barnard, Edward, 1892, The nebula (1892.0): 23hOm40s +59° 39'.7., AN 130, p. 223 - 224
S18. Barnard, Edward, 1892, Photographic Nebulosities and Groups of Nebulous Stars, AN 130, p. 233
S19. Barnard, Edward, 1894, On a small Nebula close to M. 57, AN 134, p. 129
S20. Barnard, Edward, 1894, On the exterior Nebulosities of the Pleiades, AN 136, p. 193
S21. Barnard, Edward, 1894, Photographic Nebulosities and Star Clusters connected with the Milky Way, Astr. & Astro-Phys. 13, pp. 177 - 182
S22. Barnard, Edward, 1894, Observations of Nebulae with the 36-inch Equatoreal of the Lick Observatory, Publ. Lick Obs. 2, pp. 168 - 181
S23. Barnard, Edward, 1895, On a great photographic nebula near Antares, AN 138, pp. 211 - 214
S24. Barnard, Edward, 1896, New Planetary Nebula, AN 139, p. 43
S25. Barnard, Edward, 1897, Nebulas near Castor, AJ 18, p. 112
S26. Barnard, Edward, 1900, The Exterior Nebulosities of the Pleiades, MNRAS 60, pp. 258 - 261
S27. Barnard, Edward, 1901, Peculiarity of Focal Observations of the Planetary Nebulae and Visual Observations of Nova Persei with the Forty-inch Yerkes Telescope, ApJ 14, pp. 151 - 157
S28. Barnard, Edward, 1907, Groups of small Nebulae, AN 173, pp. 117 - 121
S29. Barnard, Edward, 1907, Group of small Nebulae, AN 173, p. 121
S30. Barnard, Edward, 1907, A Nebula near the Nova [T Coronae], ApJ 25, pp. 281 - 282
S31. Barnard, Edward, 1908, Some notes on nebulae and nebulosities, AN 177, pp. 231 - 236
S32. Barnard, Edward, 1897, The great nebula of Rho Ophiuchi and the smallness of the stars forming the groundwork of the Milky Way, PA 5, pp. 227 - 232
S33. Barnard, Edward, 1886, A correction to Dr. Swift's list of new nebulae in A.N. 2746, AN 115, pp. 315 - 316
S34. Barnard, Edward, 1892, A New Nebula, AJ 11, p. 168
S35. Barnard, Edward, 1906, A planetary nebula, AN 172, p. 123
S36. Barnard, Edward, ??, Logbook (Lick Observatory), (unpublished)
S37. Barnard, Edward, 1885, Small nebula near the great Andromeda Nebula, AN 112, pp. 391 - 392
S38. Barnard, Edward, 1883, Editorial Notes (two notes), Sid. Mess. 1, p. 238
S39. Barnard, Edward, 1883, Editorial Notes (one nebular note), Sid. Mess. 1, p. 168
S40. Barnard, Edward, 1883 - 84, (unnamed?), Sid. Mess. 2, p. 159
S41. Barnard, Edward, 1883, A new Nebula near Phi Virginis, AN 104, p. 285
S42. Barnard, Edward, 1883, Editorial Notes (one note), Sid. Mess. 1, p. 135
S43. Barnard, Edward, 1883 - 84, New Nebula, Sid. Mess. 2, p. 226
S44. Barnard, Edward, New Nebulae - Small black hole in the Milky-Way, AN 108, p. 369 - 372
S45. Barnard, Edward, 1884, A New Faint Nebula, Obs. 7, p. 269
S46. Barnard, Edward, 1884, (unnamed?), Sid. Mess. 3, p. 184
S47. Barnard, Edward, 1884, (unnamed?), Sid. Mess. 3, p. 254
S48. Barnard, Edward, 1884, (unnamed?), Sid. Mess. 3, p. 60
S49. Barnard, Edward, 1884, New Nebula near General Catalogue No. 4510, AN 110, p. 125
S50. Barnard, Edward, 1885, Astronomical Notes, Sid. Mess. 4, p. 222
S51. Barnard, Edward, 1886, A Correction to Dr. Swift's list of New Nebulae in A.N. 2746, AN 115, pp. 315 - 316
S52. Barnard, Edward, 1886, Ring-Micrometer Observations of Comets and Nebulae, AN 115, pp. 323 - 328
S53. Barnard, Edward, 1886, (unnamed?), Sid. Mess. 5, p. 154
S54. Barnard, Edward, 1886, (unnamed?), Sid. Mess. 5, p. 27
S55. Barnard, Edward, 1895, Photograph of the Nebula N.G.C. 1499 near the Star Xi Persei, ApJ 2, p. 350
S56. Barnard, Edward, 1907, The nebula NGC. 6032, AN 173, p. 123
S56a. Barnard, Edward, 1913, Photographs of the Milky Way and of Comets made with the six-inch Willard Lens and Crocker Telescope during the years 1892 to 1895, Publ. Lick Obs. 11, pp. ??
S57. Baxendell, Joseph, 1880, A New Nebula, MNRAS 41, p. 48
S58. Becker, Ernst, 1898, Straßburg (Jahresbericht der Sternwarten für 1897), VJS 33, pp. 152-157
S59. Becker, Ernst, 1909?, (name = following title?), Annalen der kaiserlichen Universitätssternwate in Strassburg, Dritter Band, Karlsruhe 1909, pp. ??
S60. Bellamy, Frank, 1904, A New Cluster in Cygnus, MNRAS 64, p. 662
S61. Bevis, John, (year?), Uranographia Britannica
S62. Bidschof, Friedrich, 1898, Catalog der auf der k. k. Sternwarte zu Wien beobachteten Nebelflecken, AN 147, pp. 257 - 264
S63. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1887, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris, Comp. Rend. 105, pp. 1116 - 1119
S64. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1887, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris, Comp. Rend. 105, pp. 926 - 929
S65. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1891, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris, Comp. Rend. 112, pp. 647 - 650
S66. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1891, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris, Comp. Rend. 112, pp. 703 - 705
S67. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1891, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris, Comp. Rend. 112, pp. 848 - 850
S68. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1892, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XV heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 36 (Observations 1892), pp. G6 - G103
S69. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1896, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XXIII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 40 (Observations 1888), pp. D9 - D107
S70. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1896, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris, Comp. Rend. 123, pp. 1243 - 1245
S71. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1897, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (suite), Comp. Rend. 124, pp. 133 - 135
S72. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1897, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (suite), Comp. Rend. 124, pp. 65 - 67
S73. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1898, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XVII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 42 (Observations 1890), pp. D153 - D241
S74. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1898, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XVI heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 42 (Observations 1890), pp. D49 - D151
S75. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1899, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XX heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 46 (Observations 1897), pp. G1 - G53
S76. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1899, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XXI heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 46 (Observations 1897), pp. G55 - G115
S77. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1901, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (equatorial de la tour l'Ouest), Comp. Rend. 132, pp. 1094 - 1097
S78. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1901, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (equatorial de la tour l'Ouest), Comp. Rend. 132, pp. 1465 - 1467
S79. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1901, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (equatorial de la tour l'Ouest), Comp. Rend. 133, pp. 206 - 208
S80. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1901, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (equatorial de la tour l'Ouest), Comp. Rend. 133, pp. 26 - 28
S81. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1901, Nebuleuses nouvelles, decouvertes a l'observatoire de Paris (equatorial de la tour l'Ouest), Comp. Rend. 133, pp. 86 - 88
S82. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1902, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XXII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 47 (Observations 1898), pp. G1 - G99
S83. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1904, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (VI heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 48 (Observations 1899), pp. F141 - F187
S84. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1904, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XIV heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 48 (Observations 1904), pp. F1 - F139
S85. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1904, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (III heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 49 (Observations 1900), pp. F143 - F207
S86. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1904, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (0 heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 49 (Observations 1900), pp. F1 - F141
S87. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1905, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (II heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 50 (Observations 1901), pp. F61 - F153
S88. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1906, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (I heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 51 (Observations 1902), pp. F1 - F137
S89. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1907, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XVIII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 43 (Observations 1891), pp. E1 - E73
S90. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1907, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (VII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 52 (Observations 1903), pp. F1 - F75
S91. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1908, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (VIII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 53 (Observations 1904), pp. F1 - F89
S92. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1911, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XIX heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 45 (Observations 1893), pp. E1 - E117
S93. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1911, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XI heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 54 (Observations 1905), pp. E1 - E173
S94. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1912, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 55 (Observations 1912), pp. E1 - E243
S95. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1916, La decouverte de la nebuleuse d'Orion (N.G.C. 1976) par Peiresc, Comp. Rend. 162, pp. 489 - 490
S96. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1917, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (XIII heures), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 56 (Observations 1907), pp. E1 - E119
S97. Bigourdan, Guillaume, 1884?, Observations de Nebuleuses et d'Amas Stellaires (Introduction), Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, vol. 36 (Observations 1884), pp. G1 - G40
S98. Block, Eugen, 1880, Schreiben des Herrn E. Block an den Herausgeber, AN 96, pp. 110 - 112
S99. Bode, Johann, 1777, Ueber einige neuentdeckte Nebelsterne und einem vollständigen Verzeichnisse der bisher bekannten, Astronomisches Jahrbuch für 1779, pp. 65 - 71
S100. Bode, Johann, 1779, (unnamed?), Astronomisches Jahrbuch für 1782, p. 156
S101. Bond, George, 1864, List of New Nebulae seen at the Observatory of Harvard College , AN 61, pp. 193 - 198
S102. Bond, George, 1866, A list of new nebulae seen at the observatory of Harvard College, 1847-1863, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6, pp. 177 - 182
S103. Bond, George, 1859, Letter from Mr. Bond to Mr. Carrington, MNRAS 19, p. 224
S104. Bond, George, 1861, Schreiben des Herrn Prof. Bond, Directors der Sternwarte in Cambridge, an den Herausgeber , AN 56, pp. 269 - 272
S105. Borrelly, Alphonse, 1872, Nebuleuses nouvelles, AN 79, pp. 205 - 208
S106. Borrelly, Alphonse, 1872, New Nebulae discovered and observed by Alph. Borrelly at the Marseille Observatory with the Eichens Searcher, MNRAS 32, p. 248
S107. Bredichin, Theodor, 1877, Observations des Nebeleuses, Ann. Obs. Moscou, Vol. II, Part 2, p. 114
S108. Brorsen, Theodor, 1851, Auszüge aus Briefen des Herrn Observators Th. Brorsen an den Herausgeber, AN 32, pp. 105 - 110
S109. Burnham, Sherburne, 1873, Third Catalogue of 76 New Double Stars, MNRAS 34, p. 59
S110. Burnham, Sherburne, 1879, Double Star Observations, Mem. Roy. Astr. Soc. 44, p. 169
S111. Burnham, Sherburne, 1890, Double Star Observations, AN 123, pp. 1 - 30
S112. Burnham, Sherburne, 1891, New Nebulae, AN 127, p. 425
S113. Burnham, Sherburne, 1892, Observations of Nebulae with the 36-inch Equatoreal of the Lick Observatory, MNRAS 52, pp. 440 - 461
S114. Burnham, Sherburne, 1894, New Nebulae, Publ. Lick Obs. 2, p. 153
S115. Burnham, Sherburne, 1900, General Catalogue of Double Stars, Publ. Yerkes Obs. 1, p. 296
S116. Burnham, Sherburne, 1904, Measures of Double Stars, Publ. Yerkes Obs. 2, p. 51

S117. Cacciatore, Niccolò, 1827, Neuer Nebelfleck, AN 5, p. 281
S118. Chacornac, Jean, 1863, Nebuleuse variable de zeta Taureau, Comp. Rend. 56, p. 637
CD1940 Carlson, Dorothy, 1940, Some Corrections to Dreyer's Catalogues of Nebulae and Clusters, ApJ 91, pp. 350 - 359
S119. Coddington, Edwin, 1898, A Large New Nebula in Ursa Major, PASP 10, p. 123
S120. Common, Andrew, 1882, New Nebulae, Copernicus I, p. 50
S121. Cooper, Edward, 1848 - 56, Catalogue of Stars Near the Ecliptic Observed at Markree, London
S122. Copeland, Ralph, 1877, On Schmidt's Nova Cygni, AN 90, p. 351
S123. Copeland, Ralph, 1884, Experiments in the Andes, Copernicus III, p. 206
S124. Copeland, Ralph, 1884, Spectroscopic Observations made at the Earl of Crawford's Observatory, Dun Echt, Aberdeen, MNRAS 45, pp. 90 - 91
S125. Cysat, Johann, 1619?, Mathematic astronomica De Loco

S126. Darquier, Antoine, 1777, Observations Astronomiques faites Toulouse, Avignon
dA1852 d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1852, From Letters of Professor d'Arrest to the Editor, AJ 2, pp. 130 - 131 (see yellow comment)
dA1855 d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1855, Verzeichniss von funfzig Messier'schen und Herschel'schen Nebelflecken aus Beobachtungen auf der Leipziger Sternwarte hergeleitet, AN 42, pp. 193 - 200 (published Dec 1855)
S127. d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1857, Resulate aus Beobachtungen der Nebelflecke und Sternhaufen, Engelmann, Leipzig
S128. d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1861, Instrumentum magnum aequatoreum in Specula Universitatis Havniensis super erectum, Kopenhagen
dA1862 d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1862, Vorläufige Mittheilungen, betreffend eine auf der Kopenhagener Sternwarte begonnene Revision des Himmels in Bezug auf die Nebelflecken, AN 57, pp. 337 - 348
S129. d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1865, Über einige am Kopenhagener Refractor beobachtete Objecte aus Lord Rosse's "List of nebulae not found", AN 63, pp. 177 - 190
dA1865 d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1865, Zweites Verzeichniss von neuen Nebelflecken, aufgefunden am Kopenhagener Refractor im Winter 1864/65, AN 65, pp. 1 - 8
dA1867 d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1867, Über drei am Himmel fehlende Nebelflecken erster Classe, nebst einigen nachträglichen Bemerkungen den Biela'schen Cometen betreffend, AN 68, pp. 251 - 256
S130. d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1867, Siderum Nebulosorum Observationes Havnienses, Kopenhagen
dA1868 d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1868, Über eine Darstellung des grossen Orionnebels vom Jahre 1779, AN 70, pp. 337 - 342
S131. d'Arrest, Heinrich, 1868, Struve's Beobachtung eines neuen Nebelflecks nahe bei Hind's variablem Nebel im Taurus, AN 71, p. 143
S132. Dekker, Elly, 1990, "The Light and the Dark: A Reassessment of the Discovery of the Coalsack Nebula, the Magellanic Clouds and the Southern Cross, Ann of Sci. 47, pp. 529 - 560
S133. Denning, William, 1890, New Nebulae, MNRAS 51, p. 96
De1890 Denning, William, 1890, Four New Nebulae, Obs 13, pp. 316 - 318
S134. Denning, William, 1892, Notes on New and Old Nebulae, Obs 15, pp. 104 - 106
S135. Denning, William, 1893, New nebula, Astr. & Astro-Phys. 12, p. 189
S136. Denning, William, 1918, The cluster No. 361, Dreyer's Index Catalogue (1895), Obs 41, p. 140
Dr1878 Dreyer, John, 1878, A supplement to Sir John Herschel's "General catalogue of nebulae and clusters of stars.", Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, 26, pp. 381 - 426
Dr1887 Dreyer, John, 1887, On some nebulæ hitherto suspected of variability or proper motion, MNRAS 47, pp. 412 - 421
Dr1888 Dreyer, John, 1888, A New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, Being the Catalogue of the Late Sir John F.W. Herschel, Royal Astronomical Society, pp. 1 - 237
Dr1894 Dreyer, John, 1894, Note on the group of Nebulae NGC 3743 - 58, AN 136, pp. 93-94.
Dr1895 Dreyer, John, 1895, Index Catalogue of Nebulæ found in the years 1888 to 1894, with Notes and Corrections to the New General Catalogue, MmRAS 51, pp. 185 - 228
Dr1905 Dreyer, John, 1905, Second Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, Royal Astronomical Society, MmRAS 59, pp. 105 - 198
Dr1912.1 Dreyer, John, 1912, Corrections to the New General Catalogue resulting from the Revision of Sir William Herschel's three Catalogues of Nebulae, MNRAS 73, pp. 37 - 40
Dr1912.2 Dreyer, John, 1912, (with the Royal Society and the Royal Astronomical Society) The Scientific Papers of Sir William Herschel, volume I
Dr1912.3 Dreyer, John, 1912, (with the Royal Society and the Royal Astronomical Society) The Scientific Papers of Sir William Herschel, volume II
S137. Dunér, Nils, 1871, Beobachtung eines neuen Nebelflecks, AN 78, p. 251 - 252
S138. Dunlop, James, 1828, A catalogue of nebulae and clusters of stars in the southern hemisphere observed at Paramatta in New South Wales, Phil. Trans. 118, pp. 113 - 152

El1866 Ellery, Robert, 1866, Results of Astronomical Observations Made at the Melbourne Observatory in the Years 1863, 1864 and 1865, RAOMO
S139. Ellery, Robert, 1885, Observations of the Southern Nebulae made with the Great Melbourne Telescope from 1869 to 1885, Melbourne Obs.
S140. Engelhardt, Basilius, 1890, Observationes Astronmique, Deuxieme Partie, Dresden
S141. Esmiol, Emmanuel, 1916, Reduction des Observations de Nebuleuses decouvertes par M. Stephan, Trav. de l'Obs. Marseille 4, pp. 1 - 67
S142. Espin, Thomas, 1894, Some Nebulous Objects not in the New General Catalogue of Nebulae, MNRAS 54, p. 327
S143. Espin, Thomas, 1900, New Nebulae, AN 152, p. 141
S144. Espin, Thomas, 1907, A New Nebula, MNRAS 67, p. 360

S145. Finlay, William, 1898, Nebulae observed at the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope, MNRAS 58, p. 329
S146. Flamsteed, John, 1712, Historia Coelestis Britannica, London
S147. Fleming, Williamina, 1891, Stars having Peculiar Spectra, AN 128, pp. 11 - 14
S148. Fleming, Williamina, 1894, Stars having Peculiar Spectra, AN 135, pp. 195 - 198
S149. Fleming, Williamina, 1894, Stars having Peculiar Spectra, AN 137, pp. 71 - 74
S150. Fleming, Williamina, 1891, Stars having Peculiar Spectra. Eleven New Variable stars, AN 138, pp. 175 - 180

S151. Gale, Walter, 1897, New Double Stars and a Ring Nebula, AN 143, p. 293
S152. Gothard, Eugen von, 1894, Der kleine Barnard'sche Nebel bei M. 57, AN 135, p. 11
S153. Gothard, Eugeb von, 1893, (Note 3), AN 131, p. 159

S154. Hall, Asaph, 1881, Observations of Comets, AN 100, pp. 273 - 278
S155. Halley, Edmond, 1716, An Account of Several Nebulae or lucid Spots like Clouds, dately discovered among the Fixed stars by the help of the Telescope, Phil. Trans. 29, pp. 390 - 392
S156. Harding, Karl Ludwig, 1824, Neue Nebelflecke, Berliner Jahrbuch fur 1827, pp. 131 - 134
S157. Harding, Karl Ludwig, 1824?, (unnamed?), Berliner Jahrbuch fur 1827, p. 135
S158. Harrington, Mark, 1883, New Nebula by M. W. Harrington, Director of the Observatory Ann Arbor, Mich., AN 104, p. 111
S159. Hartwig, Ernst, 1883, Auffindung eines neuen Nebels, AN 105, p. 173
S160. Hartwig, Ernst, 1883, Beobachtungen von neuen Nebeln, AN 106, p. 381
S161. Hartwig, Ernst, 1885, Neue Nebel, AN 112, p. 407
S162. Henry, Paul and Prosper, 1886, Découverte d'une nébuleuse par la Photographie, AN 113, p. 239
HP1886 Henry, Paul and Prosper, 1886, Decouverte d'une Nebuleuse par la Photographie, L'Astronomie 5, pp. 41-42 (the same as S162 but includes an image)
S163. Henry, Paul and Prosper, 1886, On Photographs of a new Nebula in the Pleiades, and of Saturn, MNRAS 46, p. 98
S164. Herschel, Caroline, 1782 - 1787, Book of Observations, RAS Archive C. Herschel 1/1.1
S165. Herschel, Caroline, 1788 - 1797, Book of Observations, RAS Archive C. Herschel 1/1.2
S166. Herschel, John, 1833, Obs. of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, made at Slough, with a Twenty-feet Reflector, betw. The years 1825 a. 1833, Phil. Trans. 123, pp. 359 - 509
S167. Herschel, John, 1833, Obs. of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, made at Slough, with a Twenty-feet Reflector, betw. The years 1825 a. 1833 (Description of h 1665), Phil. Trans. 123, pp. 359 - 509
S168. Herschel, John, 1847, Results of astronomical Observations made during the year 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8 at the Cape of Good Hope, Smith, Elder & Co., London
S169. Herschel, John, 1847, Results of astronomical Observations made during the year 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8 at the Cape of Good Hope (Errata, Addition & Corrections), Smith, Elder & Co., London
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