Online Astronomy eText: The Planets
Maps of Mars
Also recommended: Google Mars -- visible and topographic maps of Mars


Christiaan Huyghens' observations of Mars.
On the left, his first drawing, showing the dark area that is now called Syrtis Major (November 28, 1659).
In the middle, a view showing the polar cap (August 13, 1672). On the right, a drawing of May 17, 1683.
(NASA SP-4212)


Schiaparelli's map of 1877-1886, showing his 'canali' (channels), which led to the Martian canal craze.
Most of the names that he assigned to various areas are still in use today (click on image for larger view).
(NASA SP-4212)


Topographic map of Mars, centered near the Hellas basin, from Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter observations
(MOLA Science Team, NASA, MOLA Image Gallery)


A pair of MOLA globes, showing the drastically divergent topography present on Mars. (MOLA Science Team, NASA, MOLA Image Gallery)


Topographic map of Mars, centered on Utopia Planitia, from MOLA observations
(MOLA Science Team, NASA, MOLA Image Gallery)


Topographic map of Mars, centered on South Polar area, from MOLA observations
(MOLA Science Team, NASA, apod991203)


Detailed topographic maps of Mars, from MOLA observations.
Left, north polar region, right, south polar region, middle, equatorial/temperate regions.
(MOLA Science Team, NASA, apod010628)


"Natural appearance" map of Mars, created by the National Geographic Society from MOLA observations.
(National Geographic Society, MOLA Science Team, MGS, JPL, NASA, apod010626)
(opens in new window)


First High Resolution Images from Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
(click on map for detailed images and discussion)


Magnetic striping on Mars, as observed by the Mars Global Observer. (NASA, JPL)