Celestial Atlas
PGC 13500 - 13999 ←PGC Objects: PGC 14000 - 14499 Link for sharing this page on Facebook→ PGC 14500 - 14999
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Page last updated July 31, 2021

PGC 14030
(= UGC 2885 = CGCG 526-012 = MCG +06-09-012)

A magnitude 13.5(?) spiral galaxy (type SA(rs)bc?) in
Perseus (RA 03 53 03.0, Dec +35 35 25)
Physical Information: Based on a recessional velocity relative to the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation of 5675 km/sec (and H0 = 70 km/sec/Mpc), PGC 14030 is about 265 million light years away, in reasonable agreement with a single redshift-independent distance estimate of about 230 to 235 million light years (the HST press release states that the distance is 232 million light years, but it is impossible to measure such distances that accurately, so even that value should be expressed as 230 to 235 million light years). Given that and its apparent size of about 4.65 by 1.4 arcmin (from the images below), the galaxy is about 315 thousand light years across if at the smaller distance, and about 360 thousand light years across if at the larger distance. Either way, the galaxy is about 2 1/2 times the size and 10 times the mass of our own galaxy, or about 15 million million Solar Masses, and one of the largest spiral galaxies known to exist in our "local" Universe. Despite its enormous size it is only creating new stars at about half the rate of our galaxy, presumably because it is more or less "alone" in space, and has no other galaxies to interact with or consume, processes that tend to stir up star formation. The HST image was taken partly as a commemoration of Vera Rubin, whose studies of the galaxy's rotation helped prove the presence of "dark matter" in galaxies. What "dark matter" is is completely unknown, but the fact that there is something there that we cannot figure out how to observe except through its gravitational effect on visible objects cannot be denied (see Dark Matter In Galaxies).
PanSTARRS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 14030, also known as UGC 2865
Above, a 12 arcmin PanSTARRS image centered on PGC 14030
Below, a 5 arcmin wide PanSTARRS image of the galaxy
PanSTARRS image of spiral galaxy PGC 14030, also known as UGC 2865
Below, a 3.4 by 4.4 arcmin wide image of the galaxy (Image Credit ESA/HST. Acknowledgment Davide De Martin)
HST image of spiral galaxy PGC 14030, also known as UGC 2865
Below, a 1.4 by 1.6 arcmin wide image of the central galaxy (Image Credit as above)
HST image of central part of spiral galaxy PGC 14030, also known as UGC 2865

PGC 14066
(= PGC 176697 = ESO 249-026)

A magnitude 15.1 irregular galaxy (type Im) in
Horologium (RA 03 54 12.9, Dec -43 45 26)
Note About Classification: The type is taken from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies.
DSS image of region near irregular galaxy PGC 14066
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 14066

PGC 14078
(= PGC 176706 = ESO 249-027)

A magnitude 14.7 irregular galaxy (type dIm sp) in
Horologium (RA 03 54 29.5, Dec -44 45 12)
Note About Classification: The type is taken from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. The "d" before "Im" means this is a dwarf galaxy, while the "sp" stands for a "spindle" (or "edge-on" galaxy), which makes determining the structure more difficult than usual.
DSS image of region near irregular galaxy PGC 14078
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 14078

PGC 14122
(= ESO 302-021)

A magnitude 15(?) spiral galaxy (type SB(s)m sp) in
Eridanus (RA 03 55 52.6, Dec -40 41 05)
Note About Classification: The type is taken from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. The "sp" means that the galaxy is a "spindle" (that is, an "edge-on" galaxy, which makes it harder to determine its classification.
DSS image of region near irregular galaxy PGC 14122
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 14122

PGC 14212
(= ESO 249-035)

A magnitude 16(?) spiral galaxy (type SB(s)dm sp) in
Horologium (RA 03 58 56.1, Dec -45 51 33)
Note About Classification: The type is taken from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. The "sp" stands for a "spindle" (or "edge-on" galaxy), which makes determining the structure more difficult than usual.
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 14212, also showing PGC 14225
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 14212, also showing PGC 14225

PGC 14225
(= PGC 521809 = ESO 249-036)

A magnitude 15(?) spiral? galaxy (type S/Im) in
Horologium (RA 03 59 15.8, Dec -45 52 18)
Note About Classification: The type is taken from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. The "S/I" means that because the galaxy is so loosely structured (as indicated by the "m"), determining whether it's a spiral or irregular galaxy is difficult.
DSS image of region near spiral galaxy PGC 14225, also showing PGC 14212
Above, a 12 arcmin wide DSS image centered on PGC 14225, also showing PGC 14212
Celestial Atlas
PGC 13500 - 13999 ←PGC Objects: PGC 14000 - 14499→ PGC 14500 - 14999